All the studies!!
Terms in this set (37)
Crockett et al (2010)
Investigate the effect of serotonin on behavior (Trolley problem using placebos)
Brown and Kulik (1977) Flashbulb Memory
The mechanism of formation and the mechanism of maintenance (the more important the memory the longer it remains)
Sharot et al (2007)
Biological support for flashbulb memories. Activation of the amygdala was measured using fMRI imaging in participants who recalled memories of 9/11 attacks in Sep 2001, which they had witnessed. The measurements were taken years after the actual events, but amygdala activation was still seen. This suggests that the amygdala is involved in the formation of flashbulb memories (localized function).
Scheele et al (2012)
The role of oxytocin in human fidelity (loyalty) men stayed away from women when in a stable relationship
Ferguson et al (2000)
Social amnesia in mice lacking oxytocin showed that oxytocin is necessary in development of social memory in mice.
Hare et al (2017)
The ability of AND and EST to signal gender and attractiveness showed that chemicals do not qualify as human pheromones.
Lundstrom and Olsson (2005)
effects of AND on womens attraction to men showed that AND may serve the function of signaling sexual attractiveness which supports its role as pheromone.
Glanzer and Cunitz (1966)
Used free recall (recalling the to-be remembered items in any order) of a list of 20 items combined with an interference task to show the primacy-recency effect. shows that STM and LTM are two separate memory stores.
Baddely and Hitch (1974)
Participants were asked to read and understand pros as well as memorize sequences of numbers. While memory was impaired while performing the dual tasks, it was still possible for them to complete both tasks. STM and LTM are separate
investigated the nausea experienced by women in their first trimester of pregnancy. When ---- controlled the study for morning sickness, the response only held for disgusting scenarios involving food. many of the diseases that are most dangerous are food-borne, but our ancestors couldn't afford to be picky about what they ate all the time. Natural selection may have helped compensate for the increased susceptibility to disease during this risky period in pregnancy, by increasing the urge to be picky about food.
Curtis et al. (2004)
Investigated whether there were patterns in people's disgust responses.
The images containing substances that would most strongly harm the immune system were rated highest on disgustingness.
Disgust decreased with age and female were more disgusted than males, which supports the idea that disgust is a form of protection to enhance chances of successful reproduction.
Bouchard and McGue (1981)
Conducted a meta-analysis - intelligence correlations between siblings;The closer the kinship, the higher the correlation for IQ, which supports the influence of genetics on intelligence.
Caspi et al (2003)
Longitudinal study on possible role of gene 5-HTT in depression. Found that participants with a mutation of the gene were more likely to become depressed than those with the normal gene.
Roediger and McDermott (2000)
lists made up of only situation features can cause false memory and shows relation
Childrens use of gender related info showed that younger children only use the persons sex while older children use sex and the information given
Albarracin et al (2001)
investigate predictive validity shows that people are more likely to decide to use condoms when they are informed about STD and planned to do so in the first place.
Payne, Bettman, and Johnson (1993)
Emotion on decision making- showed that more emotional people take more time to make decisions bc decisions are influenced by emotion.
Loftus and Palmer (1974)
*students watched clips of car accidents and were then given questions- one of which was a leading question. (different people were given slightly different questions)
*the verb 'contacted' resulted in a mean estimate speed of 31.8 mph.
*the verb 'smashed' was 40.5 mph.
word choice caused reconstructive memory.
Loftus, Miller, and Burns
Participants were told to study a slide with a red car in front of a yield sign. Some participants were asked whether the red car was stopped at a stop sign, others were not given misinformation. Misleading post-event information can integrate visual memory and affect performance.
Tversky and Kahneman (1981)
Asian disease problem. Framing (whether the situation sounds good or bad) produces predictable shifts of preference
Tajfel 1971 Minimal Group Paradigm
Investigate effects of social categorization on intergroup behavior showed that participants demonstrate in-group favoritism and out-group discrimination when categorized into groups based on a criteria.
Tajfel 1971 Minimal Group Paradigm 2
To clarify the strategy used by participants when making between group choices. Showed that subjects sacrifice group and personal gain to achieve favorable intergroup differences.
Bandura, Ross and Ross
Bobo doll experiment, showing agressive modeling behavior Showed that kids imitate
Perry and Rasmussen (1986)
aggression and self efficacy aimed to explore the link between aggression and childrens decisions about whether to behave aggresively showed that childrens knowledge of their actions are factors that contribute to aggressive behavior.
Culture and influence on behavior between chinese and american studetns showed that culture does have an influence on cognitive behavior, chinese were more interdependent while US students were group based.
Briley, Morris, and Simonson (2005) Decision making in bilingual individuals
effect of language on decision making showed that culture affects DM through language; even bilingual individuals make decisions based on their preferred language.
Aimed to identify dimensions underlying cultural differences - demonstrated that Western countries are more individualistic than Asian, African, and South American countries
Steele & Aronson (1995): Stereotype Threat
stereotype threat (being at risk of confirming a negative stereotype) aimed to investigate test performance as a function of stereotype threat in white/black subjects proved that some diagnostic test depresses blacks but whites performed equally in both catgeories while black performed equally to white in the non diagnostic division.
Rosenthal and Jacobson (1968)
Tricked teachers into believing that one set of children were about to blossom forth intellectually during the current school year; children made significant IQ gains when their teacher believed in them.
Shah et al (2015)
Investigate relation to acculturation and obesity showed that acculturation may lead to unhealthy eating habits because migrants often move to a place with more fattening foods
Ishizawa and Jones (2016)
Investigating obesity and acculturation showed that retaining ties to your original culture can protect against obesity.
Draganski et al (2004)
- study of juggling
look at brain before and after learning to juggle three balls
increased grey matter in visual and temporal areas involved with the task
increased cell size or more connections
Trainor et al (2012)
Aimed to test the idea that musical enculturation occurs through active learning and proved that active music making of infants and parents promotes enculturation.
Odden & Rochat (2004)
Aimed to investigate the role of observational learning in enculturation for non western cultures and showed that each cultures emphasize different mechanisms of enculturation (not just active learning)
Sperry and Gazzaniga
Investigated functional differences between left and right cerebral hemispheres using "split-brain" studies showed that localization of language is not strict but mainly left hemisphere
Corkin et al. (1997)
H.M. suffered from amnesia b/c most of his hippocampus and some surrounding areas (viewed later with an MRI) had been removed during an operation, with the intention to end his epilepsy. He was unable to form new explicit memories. An MRI showed that specific memory processes are dependent on the hippocampus and those adjacent cortical structures. The MRI scan confirmed a relationship between damage to the medial temporal lobes (inc. the hippocampus) and his amnesia.
Merzenich et al (1984)
Cortical remapping of digits aimed to investigate how the sensory cortex is responsible for the way hand will respond to an injury and showed that the sensory cortex of adult owl monkeys adapt to injury by cortical remapping