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rates have dropped ___ since 1991 when when routine vaccination of children was first recommended
any of these: food or water, sharing eating utensils, breastfeeding, hugging, kissing, hand holding, coughing, or sneezing.
Example of possible transmission of Hepatitis B.
*sharing personal items: razors, needles
*birth to an infected mother
causes an infection of the liver.The virus spreads through exchange of blood or other body fluids, symptoms cause a flu-like illness with loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, rashes, joint pain, and jaundice. The virus stays in the liver of some people for the rest of their lives and can result in severe liver diseases, including fatal cancer.
who should NOT be vaccinated?
Anyone w/ serious allergic reaction to a prior HBV vaccine, a component of HBV vaccine, or yeast
If the vaccine series was interrupted after the first dose, the second dose should be administered ____
Give acute symptoms of acute infection.
3. Loss of appetite
6. Abdominal pain
7. Gray-colored bowel movements
8. Joint pain
How long does protection from Hepatitis B vaccine last?
20 yrs amongst healthy adults vaccinated >6mo (those at birth still under study)
Can Hepatitis B vaccine be given during pregnancy or lactation?
Yes. Hepatitis B vaccine contains no live virus, so neither pregnancy nor lactation should be considered a contraindication to vaccination of women
Are booster doses of Hepatitis B vaccine recommended?
not typically, only when:
1) hemodialysis patients (annually)
2) immunocompromised persons
For persons with normal immune status who have been vaccinated, booster doses are not recommended
Nearly __% of APIs living the US were born, or have parents who were born, in countries where Hepatitis B is common
Hepatitis B-related liver cancer incidence is highest among APIs. It is a leading cause of ____ deaths in this population
State which hepatitis virus has available vaccination?
Hepatitis A - 2 doses given 6 month apart
Hepatitis B - 3 doses given over 6-month period (most common schedule)
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