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Some Puritans of the 16th and 17th centuries that preferred to separate from the Church of England rather than reform (the Pilgrims who came on the Mayflower and settled Plymouth were Separatists)
An organized and planned mistreatment of an individual or group due to their religious beliefs
English Protestants who wanted to purify the Church of England; followed strict religious principles
A Christian group founded in England in the mid-17th century; real name was "The Society of Friends" (English settlers who established a colony in PA were Quakers; opposed war on religious grounds)
An individual who owes a business money; a person who purchased products and/or services from a business and has not paid for it at the end of a specific period
A local government smaller than a state government; counties are divided into cities, towns, and townships (the word county is used in 48 of the 50 US states)
Something which delays action, makes progress difficult, obstructs, holds back or causes problems
Products such as turpentine (sticky liquid) and pitch or rosin (hardened sap) that come from pine trees and are used in the construction and maintenance of wooden sailing vessel
Farm animals, such as beef cattle, dairy cows, horses, sheep, hogs, chickens, and turkeys, raised on a farm for home use or profit
A worker who uses his/her hands with a job that requires no special training to perform simple duties that may be learn in a few days; examples include miners and ironworkers
A worker having or using special or learned skills in his/her job; examples include blacksmiths, carpenters, and silversmiths
Where goods are services are bought and sold in an urban area with a fixed boundary that is smaller than a city
A large farm especially in the South, on which cash crops, such as cotton, tobacco, indigo, and rice are grown; includes a large house (mansion); laborers do the work
A crop such as cotton, tobacco, indigo, or rice, that is grown specifically to sell for money
A worker who agreed to work without pay for a certain period of time in exchange for passage to America
A product that is purchased in its raw state for the purpose of processing it into a consumer or industrial good; examples include iron ore, crude oil, copper, timber, wheat, and leather
Massachusetts Bay Colony
Location: Massachusetts; Settled by: Puritans; Reason: to avoid religious persecution; Important People: none
Location: Off the coast of NC; Settled by: English settlers; Reason: economic venture $$; Important People: John White, Sir Walter Raleigh... "The Lost Colony"
Location: Southern VA; Settled by: English settlers; Reason: economic venture $$; Important People: John Smith, Powhatan
Location: Massachusetts; Settled by: Separatists; Reason: To avoid religious persecution; Important People: Miles Standish
Location: Mid-Atlantic States; Settled by: Quakers; Reason: Religious freedom; Important People: William Penn
Location: South; Settled by: Debtors; Reason: Economic freedom; Important People: James Oglethorpe
New England Colonies Geography and Climate
Jagged coast line, rocky soil, very cold winters, hilly terrain, moderate summers, Appalachian Mountains, Boston Harbor
New England Colonies Natural and Human Resources
Natural: Fish, timber, harbors; Human: fisherman, ship builders, shop keepers
Mid-Atlantic Colonies Geography and Climate
Appalachian Mountains, coastal lowlands, moderate climate and mild winters (?), harbors, bays, deep and wide rivers
MId-Atlantic Colonies Natural and Human Resources
Natural: Rivers and rich farmland; Human: skilled workers, unskilled workers, fisherman, (farmers?)
Southern Colonies Geography and Climate
Appalachian Mountains, Piedmont, Atlantic Coastal Plain, good harbors, good rivers
Southern Colonies Natural and Human Resources
Natural: fertile land, rivers, harbors Human: farmers, slaves
Southern Colonies Social Life
Plantations (slavery), mansions (plantation house), indentured servants, few cities, few schools
New England Interdependence
South: tobacco, cotton, indigo, rice, wood products, tar, pitch; Mid-Atlantic: livestock, grain
Worked as caretakers, houseworkers, homemakers, wives and mothers, farmworkers, no vote, little say in their lives - controlled by men (fathers, husbands, brothers, sons), usually not educated
Captured in Africa, sold to slave traders, shipped to colonies, sold into slavery, considered property, no rights
Large plantation owners
Lived mostly in the south, relied on indentured servants and slaves to make their fortunes, many were educated, rich social life with money, parties, balls, dinners
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