58 terms

History Colonies Test

Joseph's flashcards for Mrs. Johnson's colonies test
Depending on each other
A geographical area which is politically controlled by a distant colony
Some Puritans of the 16th and 17th centuries that preferred to separate from the Church of England rather than reform (the Pilgrims who came on the Mayflower and settled Plymouth were Separatists)
Religious Persecution
An organized and planned mistreatment of an individual or group due to their religious beliefs
English Protestants who wanted to purify the Church of England; followed strict religious principles
A Christian group founded in England in the mid-17th century; real name was "The Society of Friends" (English settlers who established a colony in PA were Quakers; opposed war on religious grounds)
An individual who owes a business money; a person who purchased products and/or services from a business and has not paid for it at the end of a specific period
Average; not too much; not extreme
A local government smaller than a state government; counties are divided into cities, towns, and townships (the word county is used in 48 of the 50 US states)
Something which delays action, makes progress difficult, obstructs, holds back or causes problems
One who wants to make better, improve, or correct something that is corrupt or bad
Naval Supplies
Products such as turpentine (sticky liquid) and pitch or rosin (hardened sap) that come from pine trees and are used in the construction and maintenance of wooden sailing vessel
A skilled worker who practices some trade or handicraft
Farm animals, such as beef cattle, dairy cows, horses, sheep, hogs, chickens, and turkeys, raised on a farm for home use or profit
Unskilled Worker
A worker who uses his/her hands with a job that requires no special training to perform simple duties that may be learn in a few days; examples include miners and ironworkers
Skilled Worker
A worker having or using special or learned skills in his/her job; examples include blacksmiths, carpenters, and silversmiths
Different, varied, unlike
Market Town
Where goods are services are bought and sold in an urban area with a fixed boundary that is smaller than a city
Moist or damp
A large farm especially in the South, on which cash crops, such as cotton, tobacco, indigo, and rice are grown; includes a large house (mansion); laborers do the work
Cash Crop
A crop such as cotton, tobacco, indigo, or rice, that is grown specifically to sell for money
A large house
Indentured Servant
A worker who agreed to work without pay for a certain period of time in exchange for passage to America
Most common; to be superior in power or number
Physical work
An agreement between or more persons that is enforceable by law
Enforce; to behave in a certain way
Raw Materials
A product that is purchased in its raw state for the purpose of processing it into a consumer or industrial good; examples include iron ore, crude oil, copper, timber, wheat, and leather
Having to do with government or the process by which people make decisions
Massachusetts Bay Colony
Location: Massachusetts; Settled by: Puritans; Reason: to avoid religious persecution; Important People: none
Roanoke Colony
Location: Off the coast of NC; Settled by: English settlers; Reason: economic venture $$; Important People: John White, Sir Walter Raleigh... "The Lost Colony"
Jamestown Colony
Location: Southern VA; Settled by: English settlers; Reason: economic venture $$; Important People: John Smith, Powhatan
Plymouth Colony
Location: Massachusetts; Settled by: Separatists; Reason: To avoid religious persecution; Important People: Miles Standish
Pennsylvania Colony
Location: Mid-Atlantic States; Settled by: Quakers; Reason: Religious freedom; Important People: William Penn
Georgia Colony
Location: South; Settled by: Debtors; Reason: Economic freedom; Important People: James Oglethorpe
New England Colonies
Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Connecticut
New England Colonies Geography and Climate
Jagged coast line, rocky soil, very cold winters, hilly terrain, moderate summers, Appalachian Mountains, Boston Harbor
New England Colonies Natural and Human Resources
Natural: Fish, timber, harbors; Human: fisherman, ship builders, shop keepers
New England Colonies Specialization
Fishing, ship building, naval supplies, industry
New England Colonies Social Life
Villages and churches; religious reformers
Mid-Atlantic Colonies
Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, Delaware
Mid-Atlantic Colonies Geography and Climate
Appalachian Mountains, coastal lowlands, moderate climate and mild winters (?), harbors, bays, deep and wide rivers
MId-Atlantic Colonies Natural and Human Resources
Natural: Rivers and rich farmland; Human: skilled workers, unskilled workers, fisherman, (farmers?)
Mid-Atlantic Colonies Specialization
Fish, grain, livestock
Mid-Atlantic Social Life
Different lifestyles; different religions
Southern Colonies
Georgia, NC, SC, VA, MD
Southern Colonies Geography and Climate
Appalachian Mountains, Piedmont, Atlantic Coastal Plain, good harbors, good rivers
Southern Colonies Natural and Human Resources
Natural: fertile land, rivers, harbors Human: farmers, slaves
Southern Colonies Specialization
Tobacco, cotton, indigo, wood products
Southern Colonies Social Life
Plantations (slavery), mansions (plantation house), indentured servants, few cities, few schools
New England Interdependence
South: tobacco, cotton, indigo, rice, wood products, tar, pitch; Mid-Atlantic: livestock, grain
Mid-Atlantic Interdependence
New England: tools and equipment; South: tools and equipment
Southern Interdependence
New England: manufactored goods, tools and equipment
Worked as caretakers, houseworkers, homemakers, wives and mothers, farmworkers, no vote, little say in their lives - controlled by men (fathers, husbands, brothers, sons), usually not educated
Indentured servants traits
Little freedom while indentured, but eventually freed
Captured in Africa, sold to slave traders, shipped to colonies, sold into slavery, considered property, no rights
Large plantation owners
Lived mostly in the south, relied on indentured servants and slaves to make their fortunes, many were educated, rich social life with money, parties, balls, dinners
Free African Americans
Can own land; had economic freedom; spend money freely; can`t vote