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Sociology Final Exam
Terms in this set (37)
a system of ranking individuals in terms of their access to and possession of the things valued by their society
sociological theory that is motivational; ranking individual works; interconnected and interdependent
What theory supports these views on why stratification works?
1. Some positions in society are more important than others
2.It's difficult to obtain those positions.
3. If you do, we'll reward you.
Functionalist theory for stratification
sociological theory that is all about competition
means things stay the same
believes "mini" revolutions will slowly but surely destroy capitalism
sociological theory that agrees with functionalist and conflict
What theory believes in these 2 distributive laws?
1.As long as all goods are distributed, according to functionalist principles, people are content.
2. Any goods available beyond that are distributed according to conflict principles.
your position based upon wealth, power, and prestige
Socioeconomic Status (SES)
a persons economic status generates social classes
upper, middle, and lower
What does Marx call the middle class?
What 3 ways are social classes measured?
1.subjective- you get to decide
What is the best way to measure social classes?
Dimensions of social stratification are contributed to what person?
a persons ability to implement his desires with or without others cooperation
generated by powers/ social cliques
What are the 2 types of power(influence)?
1. authoritarian- based on merit/legitimate/earn it
2. coercive-inherits position
a position given to someone by others; cannot be self declared
we tend to align ourselves with people who are like us
asking "what do you do?"
power is based on age old customs; the way it has always been
Ex: yes mam/ no sir
power is legitimized by extraordinary attributes
power is legitimized by rational procedures and explicit rules
founder of the functionalist theory
founder of the conflict theory
man that coined the term "Sociology"/ Father of Sociology
man that attributed to the "Looking Glass Self"; cofounder of the interactionist theory
Charles H. Cooley
man that contributed to the discipline of Sociology that started at the University of Chicago; taught the interactionist theory
theory that deals with symbolism, interpretation, and labeling
tangible things you can buy; might associate with popularity
non tangible things (beliefs/values)
statement about reality that people accept as true
tendency to see one's own culture as superior
culturally defined convictions on what is good or bad/ right or wrong
the process of becoming indistinguishable from the majority (A+B+C=A)
long lasting, small, influential groups of people (family, close friends)
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