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Snowy Hydro-electric Scheme
Terms in this set (21)
What age did all assisted migrants to work?
What did immigration provide for the workforce?
The large and mobile workforce required for Australia's ambitious post-war development plans.
Where did migrants work?
Migrants found work on farms, in factories, in the iron and steel industries and in the mines.
What was Australia's biggest development scheme post war?
The Snowy Hydro-electric scheme
What was the SHES to provide?
It was to generate hydro-electricity by harnessing the power of the snow and rain that fell in the Snowy Mountains. The water was then channelled into massive tunnels to irrigate farming land to the west of the Great Dividing Range.
How many Snowy hydro workers were migrates and how many countries did they come from?
Two-thirds of the Snowy Mountains workers were migrants who had come from over 30 countries.
What did Australians have a shortage of in 1949?
Scientific and engineering skills.
What fields did Australia start an massive international recruitment scheme for?
Surveying, tunnelling, geology and hydrology
What did the labor force do?
They were the labour force that carved tunnels through the granite mountain range and built the 16 major dams.
What were the conditions like?
It was hard, dangerous and lonely work, with men often living in primitive conditions in basic camps for extended periods of time.
What was built near the SMHES?
New towns to accommodate the thousands of workers
What were two of these towns?
Cooma and Tumut
What did the SMHES establish?
What was opened in Cooma and Tumut?
Delicatessens and restaurants opened offering a range of foods catering for European tastes
Did migrants leave behind the culture of their home country?
When was the contribution of the multi-cultural migrants acknowledged?
How was their contribution acknowledged?
Cooma built an avenue of flags acknowledging the people of many lands who had overcome hardship and isolation to bring the vision to reality.
What did the SMHES include?
- 16 dams
- 80 km of aqueducts
- 140 km of tunnels
- Seven power stations
- Seven regional towns
How many workers lost their lives?
When was it completed?
What was the final cost?
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