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Synthesis for Final
Terms in this set (61)
What allowed Rue Franklin Apartments to have its spatial quality?
a. The freedom with concrete
What were 2 reasons why the use of concrete became significant?
a. ability to be formed in any way
b. cost effective/sustainable
The "Glass Pavilion" was made up of translucent glass panels. What was the bigger message behind that other than to just see through it?
a. The captivation of light throughout the building
Why was "futurism" such a short lived movement?
a. the people during that time were killed off in the war
What should inspiration for modern architecture be based off of, if not the past?
a. modern construction (urban cities/planning). Specifically, the way machines, and industrial aspects are put together
Identify the difference between fasade/enclosure and structure. Example of a building that backs this idea up?
a. The enclosure is the outer material that wraps around the structure.
b. The structure is the actual makeup of the building
c. Fagus Shoe Factory- The glass enclosure shows that the purpose of the glass is not structural, but expresses its purpose as a factory
How is the structure identified in "Fagus Shoe- Last Factory"?
a. The structure is expressed through horizontal and vertical zones of brick
Why is glass an important material for modern culture?
a. It is a material that goes away/transparent and can be used for light
What did the Werkbund Exposition propose should be the center of industrial production?
Identify the meaning of Hermann Muthesius's quote about "times of harmonious culture".
a. proposes to replace whole authority of classical past.
Identify the meaning of Henri Velde's quote about individualistic creativity.
a. Art is a pure an individual expression
What were 2 components that identified the Bauhaus?
a. It was a model for education
b. It was a group of buildings that housed the school
What became a new objectivity in architecture? Example?
a. Straight forward, factual, simplified questions to identify how architecture should be
Ex/ Haus am Horn- the kitchen became a place of production (organized, clean)
What were the 3 primary pieces of the Bauhaus building that brings together theoretical knowledge with practical knowledge?
a. technical, dormatory/studio, and workshop
Where is design education said to have its roots?
a. in the factory
Why was there a housing shortage after WWI?
a. Housing became expensive because of the lack of laborers
What were Le Corbusier's 5 points of architecture?
2. free plan
3. free facade
4. horizontal window
5. roof garden
How do you take an abstarct painting and turn it into a 3-Dimensional space?
a. space can be conditioned, effeected. Understanding the building through movement
What did Le Corbusier mean when he said we should build houses as a machine for living?
a. machines/ industrial aspects should be a tool to support a better kind of living
What is the idea behind the lower level of Villa Savoye?
a. The lower level is all about the depiction of the automobile
What are the 2 elements that hold Villa Savoye together?
How does these 2 elements effect the way you see the building?
a. The stairs and the ramp through vertical movement
b. The space becomes more dynamic and changes the way you percieve the relationship through the building
What gives the "German Pavilion"a sense of refinement/purity?
a. It sits on an abstract podium of stone, the columns try to distinguish itself from the walls, the reflection on stone inforces dynamic qualities.
Identify contrast between "Villa Savoye" and the German "Pavilion".
a. Villa Savoye is more abstract about how you move through the space and the German pavilion evokes simplicity, minimal vision about architecture that celebrates the highly refined materials used.
What was Crown Hall depicted as?
a. a model for a way of making space
Identify the main purpose of Crown Hall becoming a starting point for corporate spaces?
a. It is a completely open space/ single uninterrupted open space
How are Corbusier's and Ludwig Mies Van der Rohe differ in terms of space within a building?
a. Corbusier uses space as a creative tool for designing and Mies uses space in a practical sense, like that of Crown Hall
When did the firm, "Som" begin to make their money and why?
a. after WW1
b. Projects were needing done quickly and they became known to do big projects
What was the main characteristic of corporation?
a. highly hierarchized (headquarters up top) It was essential for organization complex
Identify the #1 appealing quality of a corporate space.
a. The occupier is free to organize/configure the space however they want
What was the purpose of locating the core of the Inland Steel Building outside the main office tower?
a. To allow a maximization of space and circulation
Identify the main identity of The United States Air Force Academy.
Identify the primary structure of the Air Force Campus and what it promotes.
a. The chapel, and it promotes motion and aerodynamics
What sets apart the composition of the Air Force Academy?
80% or majority displays simplicity/ normal gridded structure and this sets off the other 20% of the area
Besides the literal approach to poetry and expression, what else does it use?
a. imagery (it leaves it open to interpretation)
How did the Gateway Arch in St. Louis come to be?
a. It was a project that came through a competition to design an exhibition in the U.S.
What imagery is seen through Kresge, Chapel?
The connection to medieval forms (moat around building, material approach, poetic sense of a drawbridge entrance)
What was significant about "Chapel of Notre Dame du Haut"?
a. Its ability to move you spiritually and it was independent from your faith
What was Alvar Alto's interest in the changing of architecture?
How did he incorporate this into the Tuberculosis Sanitarium?
a. The ability to create architecture that derives from the area around it, making direct physical connection to nature
b. Tuberculosis was thought to come from lack of sunlight, air, so he created angles for the patient wing to receive plenty of light.
What were handrails a symbol of in Synatsolo Town Hall?
a. Intended to connect physical contact of building
What are the 4 themes in contemporary Architecture?
What did R. Buckminster Fuller say about architectural forms? How did the Dymaxion House back this up?
a. He argued that architecture didn't display enough technology in its forms
b. The Dymaxion House was much like a modern machine
What does modernism approaches allow artist to do?
a. to describe and interpret conditions by projecting their subjective approach to art
Who was known to have used the method of abstraction in their architecture?
a. Frank Lloyd Wright
Why was the 1920's considered the high point in modern architecture?
a. more variation in form and material
Determine figurative vs. abstract aspects of these 3 paintings, "The Red Tree", "The Grey Tree", and "Pier and Ocean"
a. "The Red Tree" It is figurative, because it is depicting something real or in nature.
b. "The Grey Tree" It is less figurative and more abstract, because it is limited in forms and shapes/narrowing usage to create a painting
c. "Pier and Ocean" is also more abstract because the limited amount of tools used to create it.
What led the gateway of architecture to be through de stijl?
a. The understanding of paint compositions to architecture compositions
What argument does the automobile make in front of "Villa Stein"?
a. how contemporary the building was
Identify the 3 themes of Modernism 1: Experimentation and Abstraction.
1. The de Stijl Movement
What does Umberto's Boccioni painting, "The City Rises" signify?
a. Figurative movements wrapped in color variations and 'speed'.
What was Umberto's Boccioni's paintings all about?
a. depicting motion
What were 2 important qualities of the "Hennebique system"?
a. It had both compression strength and bending enforcers
What did Gerrit Rietveld say was part of abstraction in architecture?
a. taking expected forms and reworking them
What does Tomasso Marinetti compare as a description of modernity?
a. a machine of his day to a sculpture representing calmness/beauty. (1st time with machines- higher speed in movement)
Why was science based culture/comics important in the role of technological advances?
a. It makes the idea of technological process something to believe in
What was the purpose behind the "Plug-In City" idea by Peter Cook?
a. you could break the city down into components and plug in and out components/ renovate pieces of
What technological imagery is displayed in "Pompidou City"?
a. the use of color coating to make buildings legible. It shows the creative approach to sharing technical side of building
What made it possible for the aqua tower to have a variety of unique floor plans?
a. digitally designed technologies
Identify 2 positive affects of the Guggenheim museum being built on an abandoned- waterfront industrial zone.
a. The ability to have clean water
b. It gave the area recreational use
What was the tool used by Frank Gehry's team to better present his work?
a. catia (a 3-D modeling software
Identify the components that make the idea of place subjective.
What was Kenneth Frampton's and others fundamental strategy towards critical regionalism?
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Exam One (Foundations)
Synthesis questions: history of architecture pt 2.
Architecture Exam 1 Notes
Exam 1 - Vocab
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