AP Human Geography Unit 3
Terms in this set (45)
a group of belief systems, norms, and values practiced by a people
a culture that incorporates a homogeneous population that is typically rural and cohesive in cultural traits.
large culture that incorporates heterogeneous populations, is typically urban, and experiences quick changing traits.
the things a group of people construct, including homes, clothing, sports, dance, and foods.
a material, spatial, and cultural product of human labor
beliefs, practices, aesthetics, and values of a group of people.
the process by which other cultures adopt customs and knowledge and use them for their own benefit
tight knit neighborhoods within a major city where local cultures have built a world apart to practice their customs
How quickly innovations diffuse and refers to how interlinked two places are through transportation and communication
explains how quickly innovations diffuse and refers to how interlinked two places are through transportation and communication
the visible imprint of human activity on the landscape
a set of sounds and symbols that is used for communication
a published, widely distributed, and purposefully taught language that most technologically advanced societies have.
a variant of a standard language along regional or ethnic liens. Made of differences in: vocab, syntax, pronunciation, cadence, and pace.
a geographic boundary in which a particular linguistic feature occurs. Rarely a simple line.
dialects nearest to each other will be most similar. As you go farther apart, dialects become less intelligible.
way of classifying languages at the global scale. The languages have shared by fairly distant origins. Broken into sub-families.
set of languages with a relatively recent common origin and many similar characteristics
a language from the Indo-European family. Spoken by half of the world's people, and includes among others, the Germanic, Romance, and Slavic subfamilies
a language used among speakers of different languages for the purposes of trade and commerce. Can be one language or a mixture.
when people speaking 2 or more languages are in contact and they combine parts of their languages in a simplified structure and vocabulary EX) the first widely known pidgin language is the Frankish language, a mix of Frank tongue with Italian, Greek, Spanish, and Arabic for trade on eastern Mediterranean with Southern Franks.
a simplified language that develops as a means of communication between two or more groups that do not have a language in common.
a pidgin language that has developed a more complex structure and a vocabulary and has become a native language of a group of people
countries in which everyone speaks the same language EX) Japan, Uruguay, Iceland, Denmark, Portugal, Poland, and Lesotho
countries in which more than one language is in use EX) US
adopted by countries with linguistic fragmentation to tie the people together. Or in colonies, one that ties them to their colonizer.
there are more than 7000 languages spoken today that are created by economic, technological, and ideological globalization. EX) more than 1500 languages are spoken in Sub-Saharan Africa
place names. often refer to social progress in the area. May impact how people view the lace. Dominated by 10 themes: descriptive, commendatory, possession, commemorative, associative, incidents, possession, folk, manufactured, mistakes, shift. EX) "Mount Prospect" and "Mount Misery"
a system of beliefs and practices that attempts to order life in terms of culturally perceived ultimate priorities. EX) Baha'i
worship a singly deity, God or Allah EX) Islam grew in Northern Africa from 11 to 234 million in 1900 to 2010
worship more than one deity, even 1000s EX) Hinduism, Vodum/Voodoo
centered on the belief that inanimate objects, such as mts., trees, rivers, and boulders. posses spirits and should be revered. EX) Shamanism
actively seek converts because they view themselves as offering belief systems and universal appropriateness and appeal. Few in number and of recent origin. EX) Christianity, Buddhism, and Islam
Adherents are born into the faith and converts are not actively sought. Spatially concentrated, except for Judaism. EX) traditional religions in Africa and SA. Judaism, Hinduism, Confucianism, Shintoism
A soul is reborn and in Hinduism you are moved up and down in the caste system based off your behavior. The goal is to escape reincarnation through union with Brahman. EX) Hinduism
locks people into particular social classes and imposes many restrictions, especially to those in lower castes
the indifference to or rejection of formal religion. EX) 57% of US said religion isn't super important in their lives while 98% of Senegal said the opposite.
sacred sites/sacred space
places people infuse with religious meaning (reverence or fear). If infused with reverence, a pilgrimage may be made to the place.
the pilgrimage to Mecca (one of the 5 pillars of Islam) EX) Many times there have been a lot of deaths due to people trampling each other.
when a community or group is trapped and surrounded by unfriendly population or government. EX) the Gaza strip in Israel where Muslims are surrounded by the Jewish population and government
a portion of a country not connected to the main part physically EX) Alaska
A mass killing of people EX) Holocaust
a mass killing of a specific group of people EX) Serbian campaign for ethnic cleansing of Kosovo Albanians (Muslims) who demanded autonomy.
a government in which religion rules Ex) Taliban
born over perceived breakdown of society's morals and values. hold to religious beliefs. EX) Traditionalism Catholic Movement- preach in Latin and don't recognize the Pope and the Vatican
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Grade 10 Academic Vocabulary | Knowsys Level 10 Guide
AP Human Geography-Unit 3- Culture
AP Human Geography Unit 3
Culture Note Cards
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Unit 2 -Population and Migration
Criminal Law Unit 5 - Prisons and Sentencing
Criminal Law Unit 4 - Court Procedures
Criminal Law Unit 3 - Court System
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
AP Human Geography Unit 4
AP Human Geography-Unit 3
AP Human Geography Unit 1
AP Human Geography Unit 1