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Chapter 10:DNA,RNA, & Protein Synthesis
The building block of a nucleic acid, consisting of a five-carbon sugar covalently bonded to a nitrogenous base and a phosphate group.
deoxyribonucleic acid, the material that contains the information that determines inherited characteristics
the process whereby genetic information coded in messenger RNA directs the formation of a specific protein at a ribosome in the cytoplasm
A sequence of three bases of a tRNA molecule that pairs with the complementary three-nucleotide codon of an mRNA molecule during protein synthesis.
five-carbon sugar that is a component of DNA nucleotides
ribonucleic acid; a nucleic acid that plays an important role in the production of proteins
the process whereby DNA makes a copy of itself before cell division
an organism that has characteristics resulting from chromosomal alteration
a five-carbon sugar present in RNA
the organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a gene is copied into mRNA
three-nucleotide sequence on messenger RNA that codes for a single amino acid