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11 terms

Chapter 10:DNA,RNA, & Protein Synthesis

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nucleotide
The building block of a nucleic acid, consisting of a five-carbon sugar covalently bonded to a nitrogenous base and a phosphate group.
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid, the material that contains the information that determines inherited characteristics
translation
the process whereby genetic information coded in messenger RNA directs the formation of a specific protein at a ribosome in the cytoplasm
anticodon
A sequence of three bases of a tRNA molecule that pairs with the complementary three-nucleotide codon of an mRNA molecule during protein synthesis.
deoxyribose
five-carbon sugar that is a component of DNA nucleotides
RNA
ribonucleic acid; a nucleic acid that plays an important role in the production of proteins
replication
the process whereby DNA makes a copy of itself before cell division
mutation
an organism that has characteristics resulting from chromosomal alteration
ribose
a five-carbon sugar present in RNA
transcription
the organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a gene is copied into mRNA
codon
three-nucleotide sequence on messenger RNA that codes for a single amino acid