Human A&P 2 unit 3

Which fluid does lymph most closely resemble
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Terms in this set (63)
EosinophilGranulocyteThe lymphatic system is primarily integrated with what other body system?Immune SystemLymphatic ducts deposit lymph into ____ veins (below the clavicle) at the point where they converge with the internal jugular veins where they become _____ veins that converge to form the superior vena cavaSubclavian; brachiocephalicAll nucleated body cells use MHC Class 1 proteins to display what antigen?self antigen and viral antigen (A&B)The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) proteins are used by APC's. Additionally, all nucleated body cells use this mechanism to present a "signature" on their surface that allows your immune system to recognize "you" vs "not you" what does the A in APC stand for?antigen______ mature in the thymusT-lymphocytesAlveolar Type II cells produce a ____ that prevents the alveolar sacs from sticking together during expiration or collapsesurfactantThis structure is a portal to the interior of an organ through which blood supply, innervation and other accessories will pass. We have noted this structure in lymph nodes, lungs, and kidneyshilumwhich of the following contains vocal folds?larynxThe respiratory zone is specifically represented by what anatomical structures?alveoliThe ____ coefficient describes the volume of gas that dissolves in a specific volume liquid at a given temperature and pressuresolubilityInspiration is achieved by ___ the diaphragm, which ____ the volume of the thoracic cavityContracting, increasesWhat parameter of respiratory physiology includes tidal volume, inspiratory and expiratory reserve volumes?vital capacitySecondary and tertiary bronchi are also known by what names, respectively?lobar and segmentalWhich chemical is the most important stimulus that regulates breathing?carbon dioxideGas is exchanged in what structure(s) of the respiratory system?alveoliWhen 2 or more respiratory volumes are combined (e.g. tidal volume + inspiratory reserve volume) the result is referred to as what?a capacityDimensional changes in the thoracic cavity during respiration (breathing) include which of the follwoing?all of theseThe right lung has 3 lobes and the left lung has two lobestrueThe presentation of MHC proteins to T-lymphocytes is a characteristic of which of the immune system?adaptive immunityA delayed response to a specific antigen is provided byadaptive immunityNonspecific immunity is another name forinnate immunityWhich of the following lists the body's first, second, and third lines of defense in order?external innate immunity, internal innate immunity, adaptive immunity"Complement" refers to a group ofplasma proteinsThe inflammatory respone includes a decrease in the permeability of capillaires to prevent excessive blood loss after injuryFalseChemotaxis is the process by whichcells migrate along chemical gradientsIn terms of their chemical structure, cytokines are ____; their function is to serve as ____proteins; chemical messengersOrganize the items listed into the proper sequence of event for gas exchangeO2 is drawn into the lungs during inhalation, O2 is transported to cells by circulatory system, cells use O2 and generate CO2, the circulatory system transports CO2 to the lungs, CO2 is exhaledAccording to the Boyle's law, the pressure of gas ___ if the volume of its container increasesdecreasesAir flows out of the body during expiration becauseintrapulmonary pressure is greater than atmospheric pressureThe amount of air that can be forcibly inhaled after a normal inspiration is theinspiratory reserve volumeThe expiratory reserve volume plus the residual volume equals thefunctional residual capacityWhich of the following has the highest partial pressure of carbon dioxide?the systemic cellsThe exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the air in the alveoli and blood in the lungs is calledexternal respirationCompared to its partial pressure at sea level, what would be the partial pressure of oxygen at an altitude with an atmospheric pressure of only 380 mm Hg (recall that sea level atmospheric pressure is 760mm Hg)?Po2 would be half as much as it would be at sea levelFate of O2 following cellular respirationH2OFate of sugar following cellular respirationCo2Additional atmospheric gasN2Carries O2 in the bloodFeCarbonic AcidH2CO3____ are the peptide hormones of the immune systemcytokineswhich vessels represent the front of the lymphatic system?capillariesimmediately prior to becoming lymph, how do we refer to this aqueous liquid?interstitial fluidwhat are the largest lymph vessels? what do they dump their contents into?ducts, subclavian veinswhat are the primary lymphatic structures?red bone marrow and thymuswhich of the following structures are part of your innate immune system?granulocytes and monocytesT-lymphocytes engage in which strategy to play their role in your immune system?cell mediatedAll nucleated body cells use MHC Class 1 proteins to display what antigen?self antigen and viral antigenwhich cells use MHC class 2 proteins?APC's and dendritic cellswhat is a discreet parameter of respiratory (lung) physiology?volumewhen you combine 2 or more of these we call this parameter a lung ___?capacityThe most common cell making up the alveolar wall is thealveolar type I cellwhat does APC stand for?antigen presenting cell