Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Acids and Bases
chem chapters 15 & 16
Terms in this set (62)
Produce H+ (as H3O+) ions in water (the hydronium ion is a hydrogen ion
attached to a water molecule) (acid or base?)
taste sour (acid or base?)
Corrode metals and give off Hydrogen Gas (H2) (acid or base?)
React with carbonates and bicarbonates to produce carbon dioxide gas (acid or base?)
Are electrolytes - can conduct an electric current (acid or base?)
React with bases to form a salt and water - neutralization (acid or base?)
pH is less than 7 (acid or base?)
Turns blue litmus paper to red (acid or base?)
acid; "Blue to Red A-CID"
Produce OH- ions in water (acid or base?)
Taste bitter, chalky (maalox) (acid or base?)
Feel soapy, slippery (in soaps) (acid or base?)
React with acids to form salts and water- neutralization (acid or base?)
pH greater than 7 (acid or base?)
Turns red litmus paper to blue (acid or base?)
base; "Basic Blue"
What are the products of an acid-base reaction?
salt and water
What are considered salts?
Ionic compounds containing a
positive ion other than Hydrogen
and a negative ion other than
Hydroxide. (formed from an acid-base reaction)
What is an Arrhenius acid?
any substance that produces hydrogen ions in water
What is an Arrhenius base?
a substance that produces OH- in water
What is the flaw with the Arrhenius theory?
some bases don't have hydroxide ions
What is a Bronsted-Lowry acid?
What is a Bronsted-Lowry base?
A "proton" is really just a hydrogen
atom that has lost it's _________________!
What is a Lewis acid?
electron pair acceptor
What is a Lewis base?
electron pair donor
What is a good example of a Lewis acid-base reaction?
the formation of a hydronium ion
What is a conjugate acid?
formed when a proton is added to
What is a conjugate base?
what remains of
an acid molecule after a proton is
What is a conjugate acid-base pair?
two species related to each other by
by the donating and accepting of a
The strength of an acid (or base) is
determined by the amount of ___________________.
What are some examples of strong acids?
HI, HBr, HNO3, HCl, H2SO4
What are some examples of strong bases?
Ca(OH)2 ,KOH, NaOH, Ba(OH)2
Generally divide acids and bases into ____________ or
Weak acids are much less than ____% ionized in
What makes a strong base?
it can be 100% dissociated in
What makes a weak acid?
it can be less than 100% ionized in water
The conjugate of a strong acid is a
The conjugate of a weak acid is a
The conjugate of a strong base is
a ________ ___________.
The conjugate of a weak base is a
Acids can be _____protic,
_____protic, or _____protic
mono, di, tri
What is a monoprotic acid?
an acid that donates only one proton or hydrogen atom per molecule to an aqueous solution
What is a diprotic acid?
an acid that can donate two proton or hydrogen atom per molecule to an aqueous solution.
What is a triprotic acid?
An acid that donates three protons when dissociating in aqueous solutions
What is an example of a monoprotic acid?
What is an example of a diprotic acid?
What is an example of a triprotic acid?
What is the equation for neutralization?
acid + base --> salt + water
Salts can be ___________, ___________, or __________.
neutral, acidic, basic
What does neutralization
a pH of 7
What is titration?
Analytical method in which a standard
solution is used to determine the concentration of an unknown solution.
What does the flask contain during titration?
aqueous solution of the sample being analyzed
What does the 50 mL buret contain during titration?
aqueous NaOH of accurately known concentration
When does the indicator change color during titration?
when the amount of NaOH added from the buret exactly equals the amount of H+ supplied by the acid being analyzed
List the 3 major steps to titration
1. Add solution from the buret.
2. Reagent (base) reacts with compound (acid) in solution in the flask.
3. Indicator shows when exact stoichiometric reaction has occurred. (Acid = Base)
When titration is complete, what is reached?
What is the formula for dilution?
M1V1 = M2V2
What is the formula for molarity?
M = moles of solute/liters of solution
What is the formula for pH?
pH = -log[H+]
What is the formula for [H+]?
[H+] = 10^-pH
What is the formula for pOH?
pOH = -log[OH-]
What is the formula for [OH-]?
[OH-] = 10^-pOH
pH + pOH = ?
Recommended textbook explanations
Matta, Staley, Waterman, Wilbraham
Physical Science Concepts In Action
Frank, Wysession, Yancopoulos
Glencoe Physical Science
McLaughlin, Thompson, Zike
Sets with similar terms
Lebryk Honors Chemistry 19.1-19.2 Quiz
8: All Acids and bases SL
CHEM TEST ACIDS AND BASES
Acids and Bases
Other sets by this creator
Chapter 18 Quiz#2
Chapter 4 Anatomy
AP Psych Chapter 2
Other Quizlet sets
MOH Vol 4 Semester 1 Test
Adolescent Psychology Chapter 1
NCOERs AR 623-3/DA Pam 623-3
Lecture Exam 2 (Chapter 16-17)