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Public Domain

property rights that are held by the public at large

"Beecher's Bibles"

Guns provided young men who went to fight for free soil in Kansas.

Uncle Tom's Cabin

a novel published by Harriet Beecher Stowe in 1852 which portrayed slavery as brutal and immoral

"Bleeding Kansas"

Kansas was being disputed for free or slave soil during 1854-1857, by popular sovereignty. In 1857, there were enough free-soilers to overrule the slave-soilers. So many people were feuding that disagreements eventually led to killing in Kansas between pro-slavery and anti-slavery forces.

Pottawatomie Massacre

When John Brown (abolitionist) and followers murdered 5 pro-slavery settlers in Kansas then mutilated their bodies to scare other slave supporters and to keep slavery supporters from moving into Kansas.

Lincoln-Douglass Debates

Seven debates between Lincoln and Douglass before election of 1860 - mostly over issues of slavery

Harper's Ferry

John Brown's scheme to invade the South with armed slaves, backed by sponsoring, northern abolitionists; seized the federal arsenal; Brown and remnants were caught by Robert E. Lee and the US Marines; Brown was hanged

Preston Brooks

Was a Congressman from South Carolina, notorious for brutally assaulting senator Charles Sumner on the floor of the United States Senate.

Montgomery Alabama

1st capital of the Confederate States of America


Distribution of representatives among the states based on the population of each state


One who suffers for the sake of principle

The Impending Crisis of the South

trouble-brewing book written in 1857 by Hinton R. Helper, attempting to prove that slavery hurt non-slaveholding whites the most

Lecompton Constitution

pro-slavery constitution suggested for Kansas' admission to the union - rejected

Dred Scott decision

Landmark court decision that ruled that slaves were property and antislavery laws were unconstitutional

Crittenden Compromise

a plan proposed in December 1860 attempting to save the Union; it would divide the western territories by using the old Missouri Compromise line

John Brown

abolitionist who was hanged after leading an unsuccessful raid at Harper's Ferry, Virginia (1800-1858)

Charles Sumner

Radical Republican against the slave power who insults Andrew Butler and subsequently gets caned by Preston Brooks

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