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17 terms

AP US HISTORY VOCAB CHAPTER 21

STUDY
PLAY
Public Domain
property rights that are held by the public at large
"Beecher's Bibles"
Guns provided young men who went to fight for free soil in Kansas.
Uncle Tom's Cabin
a novel published by Harriet Beecher Stowe in 1852 which portrayed slavery as brutal and immoral
"Bleeding Kansas"
Kansas was being disputed for free or slave soil during 1854-1857, by popular sovereignty. In 1857, there were enough free-soilers to overrule the slave-soilers. So many people were feuding that disagreements eventually led to killing in Kansas between pro-slavery and anti-slavery forces.
Pottawatomie Massacre
When John Brown (abolitionist) and followers murdered 5 pro-slavery settlers in Kansas then mutilated their bodies to scare other slave supporters and to keep slavery supporters from moving into Kansas.
Lincoln-Douglass Debates
Seven debates between Lincoln and Douglass before election of 1860 - mostly over issues of slavery
Harper's Ferry
John Brown's scheme to invade the South with armed slaves, backed by sponsoring, northern abolitionists; seized the federal arsenal; Brown and remnants were caught by Robert E. Lee and the US Marines; Brown was hanged
Preston Brooks
Was a Congressman from South Carolina, notorious for brutally assaulting senator Charles Sumner on the floor of the United States Senate.
Montgomery Alabama
1st capital of the Confederate States of America
apportionment
Distribution of representatives among the states based on the population of each state
martyr
One who suffers for the sake of principle
The Impending Crisis of the South
trouble-brewing book written in 1857 by Hinton R. Helper, attempting to prove that slavery hurt non-slaveholding whites the most
Lecompton Constitution
pro-slavery constitution suggested for Kansas' admission to the union - rejected
Dred Scott decision
Landmark court decision that ruled that slaves were property and antislavery laws were unconstitutional
Crittenden Compromise
a plan proposed in December 1860 attempting to save the Union; it would divide the western territories by using the old Missouri Compromise line
John Brown
abolitionist who was hanged after leading an unsuccessful raid at Harper's Ferry, Virginia (1800-1858)
Charles Sumner
Radical Republican against the slave power who insults Andrew Butler and subsequently gets caned by Preston Brooks