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175 terms

TEAS test

STUDY
PLAY
theory
statement on what is thought to be true
independent variable
can be changed or altered
dependent variable
response observed by changing the independent variable
eukaryote cell
has a nuclear membrane
prokaryote cell
no nuclear membrane
cell
basic unit of life
unicellular
prokaryotic
multi-cellular
eukaryotic
osmosis
process of water molecules moving down the concentration gradient
homeostasis
to maintain a stable environment
natural selection
those with the most favorable traits have the most success in reproduction
semi-permeable
will only allow water to pass
selectively permeable
some molecules are allowed to pass through
diffusion
movement of molecules from high concentration to low concentration
solute
salt or sugar
solvent
water
molarity
means concentration, the higher number of molarity, the more concentration
facilitated diffusion
molecules cannot diffuse without carrier proteins
passive transport
controls what enters and what leaves
organelles
structures within a cell
charles law
as temperature increases, volume increases
boyle's law
the pressure is inversely proportional to the volume of gas
compound
a substance formed by the chemical combination of two or more elements
covalent bond
atoms linked together by sharing valence electrons
enzyme
protein catalyst
hypertonic solution
solution having a lower water concentration
hypotonic solution
solution having a higher water concentration
isotonic solution
a solution with an equal concentration
systolic pressure
the top number on a blood pressure reading
osmosis
passive diffusion of water molecules
active transport
molecules move up; requires energy
phenotype
the physical expressions of a gene
anaphase
sister chromatids separate, centremeres divide
metaphase
chromosomes align in the middle
telophase
chromatin expands; cytoplasm divides
prophase
chromatin condenses into chromosomes
four chemical bases of DNA
adenine, guanine, cytosine, thymine
transcription
DNA to RNA
translation
RNA into protein
RNA
ribonucleic acid
integumentary components
skin, hair, nails
integumentary function
protect
tissues
epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous
5
how many lumbar nerves
8
how many cervical nerves
5
how many sacral nerves
12
how many thorasic nerves
autonomic
consists of sensory and motor neurons. controls involuntary responses
sympathetic
stimulates heartbeat, raises blood pressure, dilates pupils, dilates trachea and bronchi
parasympathetic
slow heartbeat, low-blood pressure, constricted pupils
anatomical position
body is facing forward, feet are parallel, and arms are at the sides with palms facing forward
lateral
toward the outer side of the body
proximal
superior/up
deep
away from the body surface
sagittal section
cut made along a longitudinal plane dividing the body into right and left parts
superficial
toward or at the body surface
dorsal body cavity
contains the cranial cavity and spinal column
locomotion
voluntary and involuntary movement of body via the musculoskeletal system
adaptation
receive, interpret, and respond to internal and external stimuli via the nervous system
endocrine function
secretes hormones
cardiovascular components
blood, heart, blood vessels
path of blood through the heart
comes in through the right ventricle
lymphatic function
transports and cleanses blood
lymphatic is connected to the
cardiovascular
alveoli
is where the gas exchange occurs
the mouth is to the
bolus (food)
trachea
part of the respiratory system contains mucus that traps bacteria
peristalsis
the movement of food through the intestines
LDL
low-density lipoproteins
synapse
neurons connect together
patella
kneecap
shoulder joint
ball and joint socket
lipid
a steroid is considered
prostaglandins
control blood pressure
surfactant
breathing properly requires the presence of what compound that affects surface tension of the alveoli in the lungs
transport
function of the kidneys
down syndrome affects chromosome
21
ear
the organ of corti is found in what area
D
the condition of rickets is associated with a deficiency in vitamin
vagus nerve
the X cranial nerve
fibula and tibia
2 bones found in the area between the knee and ankle
accuracy
how close your answer is to what the answer should be
precision
how close your measurements are to each other
mole
a word the describes a number
ion
an electolite
isotope
an atom of an element that has the same number of protons but different number of neutrons
electron shell
energy level
atom
smallest unit of matter
matter
anything that takes up space
valence electron
outside electrons
cat ion
positive ion
anion
negative ion
left of the periodic table
all metal
right of the periodic table
non-metals; do not conduct electricity
metal
always gives the electron; conduct electricity
atomic mass
atomic number equals number of neutrons
manganese
Mn
boron
B
hydrogen
H2
nitrogen
N2
oxygen
O2
flourine
F2
chlorine
Cl2
bromine
Br2
iodine
I2
catalyst
speeds up a reaction
oxidation
reduction; transfer of electrons
endothermic
requires energy
exothermic
_________reaction produces heat
the greater the heat capacity
the less the temp will change
the lower the specific heat capacity
the hotter it will get
conduction
occurs through direct contact
convection
transfer of heat in air
radiation
transfer of energy
conduction, convection, radiation
what are the three methods of heat transfer
what happens when an ice cube is placed in a glass of water
water releases heat to ice in process conduction
ionic bond
a combo of sodium and chlorine to form NaCl
valence
outer shell electrons
maltase
breaks down maltose to glucose
sublimation
solid to gas
condensation
gas to liquid
solid
holds shape; fixed volume
archimedes' principle
an object immersed in a fluid is buoyed up by a force equal to the weight of fluid displaced by the object.
lewis acid
electron pairacceptor; will turn red
lewis base
electron pair donor, will turn blue
acetic acid
vinegar is also known as
potential energy
stored energy
the longer the wave length
the shorter the frequency
the shorter the wavelength
the higher the frequency
pulley
simple machine that uses grooved wheels and a rope to raise, lower or move a load (blinds)
lever
stiff bar that rests on a support called a fulcrum which lifts or moves loads (hammer)
wedge
object with at least one slanting side ending in a sharp edge, which cuts material apart (shovel)
wheel & axle
wheel with a rod, and an axle, through its center (bike)
inclined plane
slanting surface connecting a lower level to a higher level (ladder)
screw
an inclined plane wrapped around a pole which holds things together or lifts materials (screw)
newtons first law of motion
every object in a state of uniform motion tends to remain in that state of motion unless an external force is applied to it (gravity) INTERTIA
what powers the hydrologic cycle
heat energy from the sun
sedimentary rock
rock shatters
igneous rock
volcano or magma
tectonic plate movement
metamorphic rocks
metamorphic rocks
heat and pressure form
3 types of tectonic plate boundary
convergent, divergent, transform
convergent
ocean & land
divergent
plates pull apart (volcano forms)
transform
rub against each other forming hurricane
tectonic plates moving in ocean could cause
volcanic eruptions
cirrus clounds are
above 18,000 feet
cumulus, stratus, and stratocumulus clouds
below 6,000 feet
my very excellent mother just sent us nine pizzas
M.V.E.M.J.S.U.N.P
mitochondrion
is known as the power house
chloraplast
photosynthesis occurs and gives green color
T's
There are no _____ in RNA
RNA
Has U's
translation
takes MRNA every 3 bases of your MRNA codon
bones
skeletal components
skeletal function
support, protection, storage of minerals
nervous components CNS (central)
brain and spinal cord
nervous components PNS
nerves and sense organs
nervous function
receive and transmit impulses
endocrine components
pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, pineal, thymus, adrenal, pancreas, ovary, testis
respiratory components
nose, trachea, lungs
respiratory function
gas exchange
digestive components
mouth, esophagus, liver, stomach, pancreas, gall bladder, intestines, colon
urinary components
kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra
distal
down/inferior
reproductive components
gonads
reproductive function
propagation
diastolic
your arm at rest is _________?
transport
which of the following is not considered a function of the kidneys?
esophagus
what anatomical structure connects the stomach to the mouth?
4
a molecule of hemoglobin can hold how many molecules of oxygen in the blood for transport
qualitative
descriptions or qualities
quantitative
numerical/scientific notation
atomic number
number of protons (which for neutral atoms , is equal to the number of electrons)
wavelength
is from peak to peak