Upgrade to remove ads
Nature, Nurture, and Human Diversity
Terms in this set (25)
the study of the relative power and limits of genetic and environmental influences on behavior
the genetic transfer of characteristics from parents to offspring
every nongenetic influence, from prenatal nutrition to the people and things around us
threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the genes
DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid)
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that makes up the chromosomes.
the biochemical units of heredity that make up the chromosomes; segments of DNA capable of synthesizing proteins
the complete instructions for making an organism, consisting of all the genetic material in that organism's chromosomes
Identical (monozygotic) Twins
develop from a single fertilized egg that splits in two, creating two genetically identical organisms
Fraternal (dizygotic) Twins
develop from separate fertilized eggs. They are genetically no closer than ordinary brothers and sisters, but they share a prenatal environment
a person's characteristic emotional reactivity and intensity
The proportion of variation among individuals in a group that we can attribute to genes. The heritability of a trait may vary, depending on the range of populations and environments studied.
the interplay that occurs when the effect of one factor (such as environment) depends on another factor (such as heredity)
the subfield of biology that studies the molecular structure and function of genes
Molecular Behavior Genetics
the study of how the structure and function of genes interact with our environment to influence behavior
"above" or "in addition to" (epi) genetics; the study of environmental influences on gene expression that occur without a DNA change
The sex chromosome found in both men and women. Females have two; males have one. An X chromosome from each parent produces a female child.
the sex chromosome found only in males. When paired with an X chromosome from the mother, it produces a male child.
the most important of the male sex hormones. Both males and females have it, but the additional testosterone in males stimulates the growth of the male sex organs in the fetal period and the development of the male sex characteristics during puberty
the period of sexual maturation, during which a person becomes capable of reproducing
a set of expectations (norms) about a social position, defining how those in the position ought to behave
a set of expected behaviors, attitudes, and traits for males or for females
our sense of being male, female, or a combination of the two
Social Learning Theory
the theory that we learn social behavior by observing and imitating and by being rewarded or punished
the acquisition of a traditional masculine or feminine role
displaying both traditional masculine and feminine psychological characteristics
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Psychology Chapter 1
Chapter 2: The Biology of Mind
Psychology Chapter 3: Conscious and The…
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
AP Psychology Chapter 3: The Nature and Nurture of…
Psych Mods 11-13
psychology chapter 4
PSYC 101 CSUF 4.l Behavior Genetics, 4.2 Evolution…
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Chapter 9: Civil Rights