Unit 6 US Government: Civil Rights and Liberties
Terms in this set (35)
de jure segregation
segregation by law
de facto segregation
Segregation resulting from economic or social conditions or personal choice.
Rights possessed by persons who are arrested by the police. (Remain silent, Attorney, etc.)
Brown v. Board of Education
1954 - The Supreme Court overruled Plessy v. Ferguson, declared that racially segregated facilities are inherently unequal and ordered all public schools desegregated.
Free Exercise Clause 1st Amendment
Congress cannot pass laws that ban freedom of worship
the right to vote
Constitutional freedoms guaranteed to all citizens
the rights of citizens to political and social freedom and equality.
Declares that all persons born in the U.S. are citizens and are guaranteed equal protection of the laws
15th Amendment (1870)
U.S. cannot prevent a person from voting because of race, color, or creed
Civil Rights Act of 1964
outlawed discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin
Voting Rights Act of 1965
a law designed to help end formal and informal barriers to African-American suffrage
Abolishes poll taxes
19th Amendment (1920)
Gave women the right to vote
Lowered the voting age from 21 to 18
Seneca Falls Convention
(1848) the first national women's rights convention at which the Declaration of Sentiments was written
Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)
constitutional amendment passed by Congress but never ratified that would have banned discrimination on the basis of gender
Title VII(7) of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
forbids discrimination in all areas of the employment relationship
Title IX(9) of Education Act of 1972
forbids gender discrimination in federally subsidized education programs, including athletics
a system of law concerned with the punishment of those who commit crimes.
the system of law concerned with private relations between members of a community rather than criminal, military, or religious affairs.
(n.) a crime or offense that is less serious than a felony; any minor misbehavior or misconduct
A serious crime
A group of citizens that decides whether there is sufficient evidence to accuse someone of a crime.
The right to a Speedy Trial by jury, representation by an attorney for an accused person
The Right to Remain Silent/Double Jeopardy, right to due process
Being tried twice for the same crime
due process of law
denies the government the right, without due process, to deprive people of life, liberty, and property
Bongs Hits for Jesus case
Ruled in favor of school student promoted illegal drug use
Freedom from unreasonable searches and seizures
improperly gathered evidence may not be introduced in a criminal trial
Right to keep and bear arms
No cruel or unusual punishment
Jacobs v Clark County Schools
Ruled that dress codes were legal as long as they applied to everyone
1st Amendment Rights
Freedom of Religion, Speech, Press, Assembly, and Petition
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
AP Government Vocabulary (Unit 7)
AP Gov: Unit 6 Exam
AP GOV REVIEW 4
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Unit 8 Political Participation
Unit 10 1970 to the present
Unit 5 Political Parties and Ideologies
Unit 7 Part 2 Foreign Policy issues 1898 - 1945
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
NDCL Independent Living Final
Theology 11 Semester 1 Study Guide NDCL