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41 terms

Anatomy Chapter 7 Study Guide 2

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anterior fontanel
While visiting your friend who recently gave birth, she comments on her new child's soft spot. You think to yourself that the correct term for the "soft spot" is
checks the anterior fontanel for depression
While volunteering in an outpatient clinic for underprivileged families in your neighborhood, you observe the nurse assessing an infant. The mother had complained about the baby not eating and having several episodes of diarrhea lasting 3 days. You know the nurse suspects possible dehydration when she
5
The moth significant skull growth occurs before the age of
microcephaly
The term for undersized head is
primary
_____ curves of the spin occur late in fetal development.
vertebral body
The part of the vertebrae that transfers weight along the axis of the vertebral column is the
7
Most mammals have _____ cervical vertebrae.
bifid
A notched spinous process is said to be
they bear little weight
All of the following are true of lumbar vertebrae except that
all of the above
The sternum contains
25
Ossification of the sternum is not complete until at least age
both A and C
While performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) on an unconscious person, you are careful to position your hands correctly to avoid damage to the
all of the above
Movements of the rib cage are important to the body because they aid in
leg
Tuberculum is to tubercle as capitulum is to
vomer
Of the following bones, which is unpaired?
temporal bone
The styloid, process, zygomatic process, and auditory ossicles are associated with the
fontanels
The membranous areas between the cranial bones of the fetal skull are
stylohyoid
The hyoid bone is suspended by _____ ligaments.
support the larynx
The function of the hyoid is to
foramen magnum
Identify the structure the occipital bone surrounds
fontanels
Fibrous connective tissue called _____ permits skull growth in infants.
coccyx are fused
Vertebrae of the
most; least
Lumbar vertebrae are _____ massive and ______ mobile.
deviated
A bent nasal septum that slows or prevents sinus drainage is known clinically as a _____ septum.
lacrimal bones
The smallest facial bones are termed
inferior and superior nuchal lines
Ridges that intersect the occipital crest are termed
Hypoglossal; hypoglossal
_______ nerves pass through the ______ canals.
accommodate the thoracic and abdominopelvic viscera
The primary spinal curves
last thoracic and first two lumbar vertebrae
After a hard fall, compression fractions or compression / dislocation fractures most often involve the
helps to hold the head in an upright position
The ligamentum nuchae
lumbar
The thickest intervertebral discs are found in the ____ region.
hearing
Damage to the temporal bone would most likely affect the sense of
all of the above
The mucous membrane of the paranasal sinuses will increase mucus production in response to
the skull would be heavier
If there were no paranasal sinuses, all of the following would be true, except
a long and narrow head
Premature closure of the sagittal suture would result in
moves forward when a person sits
Which of the following statements is true concerning the coccyx
A and B only
As your proceed from the head down the vertebral column
a headache
While playing softball, Gina is struck in the frontal squama by a wild pitch. Which of the following complaints would you expect her to have?
ethmoid bone
Mick gets into a fight and sustains a blow to the nose. Which of the following bones might be fractured by this blow?
his sense of smell.
In a car accident, Tom suffers a fracture of the alveolar process of his maxillae. As a consequence of this injury he loses
condylar process of the mandible
As the result of an accident, Bill suffers a dislocated jaw. This injury would involve the