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Acids and Bases
Science acids and bases
Terms in this set (26)
a substance with a pH in the numbers 0123456 in this range are
a substance with a pH in the numbers 8,9,10,11,12,13,14 in this range are
in water acids form?
in water bases form?
what is the difference between a strong acid and a weak acid?
the difference between a strong acid and a weak acid is in a strong acid,most of the molecules break up into ions in a solution. A weak acid has fewer molecules and they break up into ions.
what is the difference between a strong base and a weak base?
the difference between a strong base and a weak base is a strong base breaks up ions into a solution and a weak base breaks up molecules into ions
which solution has a greater concentration of hydrogen (H plus),a solution with a pH of 3 or one with a pH of 7?
the solution with a pH of 3 has a greater concentration of hydrogen ions. As a pH values decrease the concentration of hydrogen ions increases.
what are the products formed when a base reacts with an acid?
the products that are formed when a base reacts with an acid is water and salt.
what is the pH of a neutral solution?
the pH of a neutral solution is 7
polyatomic ion made of oxygen and hydrogen
a series of numbers that indicates the concentration of hydrogen ions in a solution
a problem caused by gases that are released into the air as pollutants
a reaction between an acid and a base
an ionic compound that can form from the reaction of an acid with a base
what does an acid taste like?
what does a base taste like?
what color does an acid turn litmus paper?
what color does a base turn litmus paper?
how does an acid react with carbonates?
carbon dioxide gas is made
how does a base react with carbonates?
does not react
how does an acid react with the metals magnesium,zinc and iron?
its corrosive to metals and hydrogen gas is produced
how does a base react with the metals magnesium,zinc and iron?
does not react
what does corrosive mean?
a substance that can eat away at certain materials.
if a substance reacts with a metal to produce hydrogen gas,what may you infer about the substance?
the substance is an acid.
what is an indicator?
a substance that turns different colors in an acid or base.
why do you think bases are often described as the "opposites" of acids?
bases are bitter rather than sour. bases turn litmus paper blue rather than red. bases do not react with the metals and carbonates the way acids do.
Recommended textbook explanations
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