APUSH Chapter 23: Living in a World at War
Terms in this set (37)
Base in hawaii that was bombed by japan on December 7, 1941, which eagered America to enter the war.
was a phase in early World War II marked by few military operations in Continental Europe, in the months following the German invasion of Poland and preceding the Battle of France. Although the great powers of Europe had declared war on one another, neither side had yet committed to launching a significant attack, and there was relatively little fighting on the ground
"Lighting war", typed of fast-moving warfare used by German forces against Poland in 1939
A city in northern France on the North Sea where in World War II (1940) 330,000 Allied troops had to be evacuated from the beaches at Dunkirk in a desperate retreat under enemy fire.
A noted British statesman who led Britain throughout most of World War II and along with Roosevelt planned many allied campaigns. He predicted an iron curtain that would separate Communist Europe from the rest of the West.
America First Committee
A committee organized by isolationists before WWII, who wished to spare American lives. They wanted to protect America before they went to war in another country. Charles A. Lindbergh (the aviator) was its most effective speaker.
Destroyers for Bases
Roosevelt's compromise for helping Britain as he could not sell Britain US destroyers without defying the Neutrality Act; Britain received 50 old but still serviceable US destroyers in exchange for giving the US the right to build military bases on British Islands in the Caribbean.
Dynamic dark horse Republican presidential nominee who attacked FDR only on domestic policy and New Deal
Arsenal of Democracy
Referred to America's Ability to supply its European allies with war supplies prior to the U.S. entry into WWII.
Freedom of Speech, Religion, Want, from Fear; used by FDR to justify a loan for Britain, if the loan was made, the protection of these freedoms would be ensured. These became a rallying point for the causes the U.S. would fight for.
1941 law that authorized the president to aid any nation whose defense he believed was vital to American security
1941-Pledge signed by US president FDR and British prime minister Winston Churchill not to acquire new territory as a result of WWII and aimed to work for peace after the war. Planted seeds for the U.N.
A military strategy used during World War II that involved selectively attacking specific enemy-held islands and bypassing others
Bataan Death March (1942)
Japanese forced about 60,000 of americans and philippines to march 100 miles with little food and water, most died or were killed on the way
Alliance of Germany, Italy, and Japan during World War II.
The military alliance of the USA, Britain, France, and other countries during WWII
A system by which men ages 18 through 25 register with the U.S. government for military service (law passed in 1917)
Women's Auxiliary Army Corps
Now just Women's Army Corps, United States army unit created during World War II to enable women to serve in noncombat positions
Rosie the Riveter
A propaganda character designed to increase production of female workers in the factories. It became a rallying symbol for women to do their part.
Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters
Possibly the most powerful black-led organization in the U.S. They believed they had a friend in the Roosevelt presidency, especially Eleanor Roosevelt. Created by A. Philip Randolph to protect black rights for those who worked for the Pullman company
A. Philip Randolph
America's leading black labor leader who called for a march on Washington D.C. to protest factories' refusals to hire African Americans, which eventually led to President Roosevelt issuing an order to end all discrimination in the defense industries.
Fair Employment Practices Commission (FEPC)
FDR issued this committee in 1941 to enforce the policy of prohibiting employment-related discrimination practices by federal agencies, unions, and companies involved in war-related work It guaranteed the employment of 2 million black workers in the war factories.
Zoot Suit Riots
A series of riots in 1943 during World War II that exploded in Los Angeles, California, between white sailors and Marines stationed throughout the city and Latino youths, who were recognizable by the zoot suits they favored; the effect of the infamous Sleepy Lagoon murder which involved the death of a young Latino man in a barrio near Los Angeles; triggered other similar attacks in other places
Japanese and Japanese Americans from the West Coast of the United States during WWII. While approximately 10,000 were able to relocate to other parts of the country of their own choosing, the remainder-roughly 110,000 me, women and children-were sent to hastily constructed camps called "War Relocation Centers" in remote portions of the nation's interior.
American-born children of Japanese immigrants; second generation Japanese Americans.
First generation Japanese immigrants to North America. Noun. The Issei were unable to attain citizenship.
Korematsu v. US
1944 Supreme Court case where the Supreme Court upheld the order providing for the relocation of Japanese Americans. It was not until 1988 that Congress formally apologized and agreed to pay $20,000 2 each survivor
Bolshevik revolutionary, head of the Soviet Communists after 1924, and dictator of the Soviet Union from 1928 to 1953. He led the Soviet Union with an iron fist, using Five-Year Plans to increase industrial production and terror to crush opposition
Large, sturdy merchant ships that usually carried supplies or troops, but were sometimes converted to hospital ships
More Americans were employed and earned more than ever in their lives during American history during WWII although wartime rationing limited some goods that the American people could acquire
The regular army of the former Soviet Union
An emotive term used for aerial attacks planned to weaken or break enemy morale. Use of the term to refer to aerial attacks implies the attacks are criminal according to the law of war, or if within the laws of war are nevertheless a moral crime. Example: bombing cities to strike fear in the hearts of enemies
Operation Overlord (D-day)
The code name for the Allied invasion of Europe at Normandy on June 6, 1944; also known as D-Day
(General)Dwight D. Eisenhower
Led the Allied invasion of North African and planned and executed the D-Day invasion at Normandy and the Battle of the Bulge
Harry S. Truman
The 33rd U.S. president, who succeeded Franklin D. Roosevelt upon Roosevelt's death in April 1945. Truman, who led the country through the last few months of World War II, is best known for making the controversial decision to use two atomic bombs against Japan in August 1945. After the war, Truman was crucial in the implementation of the Marshall Plan, which greatly accelerated Western Europe's economic recovery.
A secret research and development undertaking during World War II that produced the first nuclear weapons. It was led by the United States with the support of the United Kingdom and Canada.
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Nuclear attacks during World War II against the Empire of Japan by the United States of America at the order of U.S. President Harry S. Truman