AP Psych Q4 Cumulative
Cookie Review and Analogies Review
Terms in this set (64)
What, in the process of vision, is responsible for seeing the colors on your cookie? Where are thesecells located in the retina?
This visual information then travels through the _____ nerve to the ______ cortex/ _____ lobe.
optic, visual, occipital
What part of your brain (limbic system) is related to hunger/satiety? What gland controls this part of your brain (in above question)?
What is the relay center (sensory switchboard) in your brain called?
Does the scent of the cookie go through this system? Explain briefly.
No - Smell goes directly to the primary smell cortex in the temporal lobe - all other senses route through the thalamus
There is another important thing about the decorating colors of the chips in your cookie. What are these theories of colors called?
Opponent-process theory and Tri-Chromatic theory
Sitting here with a cookie on your desk that you aren't supposed to eat may remind you about small children and marshmallows. What was that study about? What did results suggest?
Now the cookie has been sitting on your desk a few minutes, if you no longer really notice it, what is thiscalled?
Assume for a moment that you are watching someone else eat his/her cookie. What neurons would be firing as your empathic self is "in tune" with their experience?
The cookie eater bites his tongue. What is the name of one useful model of pain control?
The gate-control theory
What if the cookie eater had a cold? Would the cookie taste different? How?
Yes because taste is influenced by smell
Note that some cookies are on napkins and some are on paper towels . Assume that students had been randomly assigned to these conditions. The researcher works for the College Board and has access to their AP scores, uses the data and submits a study for publication. Name two (of many) ethical violations in this study.
What is the independent variable? Dependent variable? What statistic is this an example of?
No Right to Refuse, No Informed Consent, No Ability to Withdraw
IV: napkin v. paper towel
V: AP Score
Consider Freudian theory. Which part of you just wants to eat the cake NOW?
What "school" of therapist might say, "I hear you saying you are annoyed that you still have half of this assignment to do before you can eat your cookie. That sounds like it's frustrating for you."
What if you had a longstanding fear of cookies... only cookies .... which interferes with your social and/or occupational functioning (roll with it). What disorder do you likely have? How would you go about treatment?
Specific phobia , Systematic Desensitization, Flooding, Exposure, Counter Conditioning
You are thinking, "this is the most beautiful best, most delicious looking cookie in the entire world. If I can't eat this right now, my head is going to explode!!!" What type of therapist might ask you to consider the likelihood of that outcome?
Write each of the phonemes the word cookie:
What disorder are you showing some symptoms of if you picked up the cookie. Sweep crumbs off desk. Take tiny bites in an exact circle around the cookie edge. Sweep crumbs off desk. Tiny bites again another concentric circle. Sweep. Repeat 9X more.
What disorder are you showing some symptoms of if you eat 15 cookies in a 2-hour period and feel sad, frustrated, and like to need to rid yourself of these calories.
What disorder are you showing some symptoms of if your heart rate jumps and you feel like you are re-experiencing the tragedy of your 2nd grade birthday celebration in school when the whole class surprised you and you wet your pants. Ahhh!
The flashbacks PTSD
What disorder are you showing some symptoms of if you've been studying for AP exams for the past 7 days. You need little sleep, are incredibly productive, but just bought 5 new study books and the Barons 1000 vocabulary word flash cards. People tell you that you are talking too fast.
Bipolar disorder (manic phase)
What disorder are you showing some symptoms of if you think, "maybe the cookie is poisoned. You know she's always had it in for you" says the voice inside your head.
What disorder are you showing some symptoms of if you do a little work. You notice the window is so high in this classroom. You tap your pencil and bounce your knee and think about going out this weekend. You do a bit more work. You get up to go to the bathroom. You come back in the classroom and see your cookie. Man, that looks good. You eat it right away. Oops. That always happens that acting BEFORE thinking thing.
What disorder are you showing some symptoms of if you've been sleeping a lot lately. Not wanting to eat much. Feeling hopeless about the future. This is probably the last cookie anyone is ever going to make for you. You don't have any idea how you actually got into college, they must not really have read your application carefully.
If your cookie is created for you in recognition of the effort you've put forth this year and the learning you've accomplished it would be positive reinforcement. If it is considered as making your hunger go away, it is __________
negative reinforcement .
What part of your brain is working hard to inhibit your motor cortex grabbing the cookie and taking a bite?
The frontal lobe.
My favorite thing about psychology is whatever students say. This sentence completion task is an example of what kind of personality assessment?
Consider repeated pairings that have occurred. Tasty snacks cause your mouth to water. Now you have climbed the stairs to the 8th floor, and on several occasions have had tasty snacks. Because of your associative learning, your schema for psychology has expanded. You retrieve, from LTM, images of the brain from an orange, random assignment to biscotti or brownies, the taste tablets that made sour sweet, etc. Assuming classical conditioning has taken place, what is the UCS? Tasty snacks UCR? drooling CS?
What neurotransmitter/ pathway has been going crazy in anticipation of the cookie reward?
If you became ill immediately after eating your cookie and you were watching a Phillip Zimbardo clip, would you associate your illness with Dr. Zimbardo's voice? The classroom? Or the cookie? ______ Why? __________ Whose research is this related to?
Cookie, Stimulus most likely to produce response, Garcia/Rescola and Wagner
Max complains "Its not fair! Kritasha's name has more letters, so she gets more frosting. You can feel the difference." You hold one cookie in each hand. You are correct about which one is heavier 50% of the time, called the______
Just noticeable difference
You snatch the cookie of the girl sitting next to you, stuff it in your mouth, and RUN as she starts chasing you. Your sympathetic nervous system of your autonomic nervous is kicked into high gear as you are in "flight." What is not happening to the cookie now? (what is "turned off" when you are fleeing?)
If all of you do very well on the AP exam AND you all had a tasty cookie, and other students in other schools don't do well and didn't receive cookies, can I proclaim "cookies increase student AP exam scores?" Why not?
No, it is a correlation
_____________ does not indicate ___________ What are two alternative explanations/other variables that may be involved?
Smarter students here, better teacher, better parent support, etc.
You wonder, does this stuff all really relate to what we've learned? Is it a ______ measure of our cumulative knowledge? Will it predict our success on the AP exam?
You are stunned and how you have been very successful on this exercise. Name three different methods you used in the encoding process to facilitate retrieval:
Mnemonics, Chunking, Elaboration, Peg-words, Acronyms, Semantic Encoding, etc
the study of behavior and mental processes.
What two activities improve your cognitive ability, alertness, help you manage stress, and improve your mood? __________________ and ___________________.
Sleeping, Physical Exercise, Mental Exercise, Eating Right, Laughing, etc.
____________ is to identical twins as ____________ is to fraternal twins.
Perfect positive correlation is to ____________ as perfect negative correlation is to ____________.
Latency is to 4 as anal is to ____________.
John Locke is to tabula rasa as ____________ is to g factor.
____________ is to psychosexual as ____________ is to psychosocial.
Alfred Binet is to ____________ as Daniel Goleman is to ____________.
JND is to ________________________ as OCD is to ________________________
Just Noticable Difference, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
The ____________ is to higher level thinking as ____________ is to emotion.
cerebral cortex, amygdala
Somatosensory cortex is to ____________ lobe as motor cortex is to ____________ lobe.
Systematic procedures that cannot fail are to ____________ as time saving mental shortcuts is to ____________.
Dysthymia is to depression as hypomania is to ____________.
Automatic is to implicit memory as intentional effort is to ____________.
Depression is to ____________ as schizophrenia is to ____________.
Sleep spindles are to stage ____________ sleep as delta waves are to stage ____________ sleep.
____________ is to vision as ____________ is to hearing.
Occipital lobe, parietal lobe
The ____________ is to fear as the ____________ is to memory.
Physical stimulation is to ____________ as interpretation is to ____________.
Photoreceptors are to vision as ____________ are to hearing.
Valium is to anxiety as Paxil is to ____________.
Encoding is to ____________ as transduction is to ____________.
____________ is to slot machine as ____________ is to factory piecework.
variable-ratio, fixed ratio
The MMPI is to ____________ as the TAT is to ____________.
objective test, projective test
____________ is to color as ____________ is to black and white.
___________ is to top as ____________ is to bottom of Maslow's hierarchy of needs.
self-actualization, biological needs
____________ is to split-brain research as ____________ is to id, ego, superego.
Michael Gazzaniga, Sigmund Freud