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Terms in this set (44)
members in House
Members in Senate
Who gets NOMINATED for House
Incumbents, Former State Representatives or senators, Lawyers, Insurance, Bankers, Real Estate and teachers, Organizational factors and funds
Who gets ELECTED for house/senate
safe seats (30-35 seats up for house, 6-8 for senate),
coat tails (popular candidate),
off year (midterm) effect (presidents party loses seats)
effect of dirty politics (New York Times V. Sullivan), redistricting (Baker V. Carr), funding
Dirty politics vs. negative campaigning
dirty politics- personal attacks, makes up things about their families
negative campaigning- attacking how they vote
NYT v. Sullivan
Public official suing for libel has to establish actual malice not simple malice (known to be false but printed anyway)
Baker v. Carr
case that est. one man one vote. this decision created guidelines for drawing up congressional districts and guaranteed a more equitable system of representation to the citizens of each state
Process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose of benefiting the party in power.
Incumbent Advantages in Congressional Elections
easier access to campaign finance and government resources
Nominations: incumbents, VPs, white male protestants, governors, senators
role of primaries, caucuses vs. national convention
primaries/caucuses narrow the field of candidates to one per state, then each party selects one of the candidates to represent them in the presidential election
why pat roberts won in Kansas Senate 2014 race
he ran against an independent (Orman), and negative campaigning
use of media consultants to replace the old party bosses
media has a large influence over the general public lately, so they have more control over the parties than the bosses do
role of parties
-Nominate candidates - primaries and caucuses
-General Election and Mobilizing voters
-Determine organization and leadership of Congress
-Influence President's policy agenda
why only a two-party system?
because congress and presidency is decided by a winner take all method. they need to only get plurality of votes to be elected.
Candidate or party with the most votes cast in an election, not necessarily more than half.
has most states
Role of Third Parties
Bring issues to the attention of the public ignored by major parties
accessibility as goal of interest groups
politics is located in DC but it should be throughout the country so that politicians can get a better feel of life throughout the US
key lobby groups
issues such as: abortion, racial, feminists, environmental
coalescing of interest groups under one party
groups fund and vote for Democrats/GOP
An examination of the political ideology of a nominated judge
Money raised in unlimited amounts by political parties for party-building purposes. Now largely illegal except for limited contributions to state or local parties for voter registration and get-out-the-vote efforts.
networks (triangle of policy making)
interaction between executive agencies, congressional committee, and interest groups
Grass Roots Politics
political campaigns that operate at a local level, often using face-to-face communication to generate interest and momentum by citizens
Formal orders issued by the president to direct action by the federal bureaucracy.
presidential appointments (role of lobby groups)
the power of the U.S. President to choose members of his or her cabinet, ambassadors to other nations, and other officials in his or her administration
amicus curiae briefs
Legal briefs submitted by a "friend of the court" for the purpose of raising additional points of view and presenting information not contained in the briefs of the formal parties. These briefs attempt to influence a court's decision.
Judicial Appointments (& lobby groups..Thomas Case)
President appoints people to be judge, congress has to approve
indigent cases (burning bed)
one without sufficient income to hire a lawyer for defense in a criminal case
Political actions designed to broaden conflicts and activate outside parties to pressure the bargaining process in ways favorable to the protesters.
investigative role of congress including subpoena power
to gather information on the need for future legislation,
to test the effectiveness of laws already passed,
to inquire into the qualifications and performance of members and officials of the other branches,
to lay the groundwork for impeachment
subpoena power: congress has authority to demand documents, data, and witness testimony
a member of Congress providing services to voters such as providing help with federal agencies, federal grants, and students who want to attend the US military academies, who live in the district the representative or senator serves.
Congress controls the money for the United States - they set the budget
The financial resources of the federal government. The individual income tax and Social Security tax are two major sources of revenue.
A formal declaration by a legislative committee that a certain amount of funding may be available to an agency. Some authorizations terminate in a year; others are renewable automatically without further congressional action.
leadership by party in congress
whichever party wins the most representatives is designated the 'majority' of that house
leadership by legislative committees
standing committees-Permanent committees established under the standing rules of the Senate and specializing in the consideration of particular subject areas (permanent committee that meets regularly)
conference committee-appointed by the House of Representatives and Senate to resolve disagreements on a particular bill
stages in legislative process
Usually lower house - introduction and first reading - plus statement of compatibility in Vic, second reading, consideration in detail (not compulsory), usually upper house -introduction and first reading - plus statement of compatibility, second reading, Committee of the Whole, Royal Assent
white house and pre introduction
debate in senate
filibuster-any use of procedural rules to block or delay legislative action (talked to death)
cloture rule (rule 22)-the Senate may limit consideration of a pending matter to 30 additional hours of debate.
nuclear option-override the 60-vote-rule for 51 vote simple majority
presidents as activists
Chief of State - the ceremonial head of the government of the United States
Chief Executive - given this title by the Constitution
Chief Administrator - carry out the laws, head of the federal bureaucracy
Chief Diplomat - main architect of America's foreign policy
Commander in Chief - head of the nation's armed forces
Chief Legislator - can push for laws to be passed
Chief of Party - Leader of their political party
presidential appointments of power
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