AP Gov Important Documents (FRQ)
Terms in this set (44)
Freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition
Right to bear arms
No one may be forced to house soldiers
Protects against unreasonable search and seizure
Right to due process of law, freedom from self-incrimination, double jeopardy.
Right to a speedy and public trial & confront your accuser.
Right to a trial by jury
No excessive bail, no cruel and unusual punishment
People's rights are not limited to those in the Constitution.
All powers not given to the federal government are left for the states to take care of/decide
Federal courts do not have jurisdiction in cases against a state
Provides for separate elections for president and vice president
Provides equality for all citizens; state governments must follow previously passed amendments
Voting rights of ALL Races
Congress has the power to pass direct taxes, such as income tax
Election of United States Senators by Popular Vote
Gives women the right to vote
President takes office on January 20th instead of March 4th, Lame Duck
Repeal of the 18th Amendment - Control of liquor returned to the states
Presidents may serve no more than 2 terms or a total of 10 years
District of Columbia is allowed presidential Electoral College votes [the same as the smallest state]
Eliminates poll tax (no required payment needed to vote)
Presidential Succession, Vice President Vacancy, Presidential Inability
Voting Age Set to 18 Years
Congressional pay raise doesn't go into effect until new term
Federalist No. 10
Factions are the greatest threat to America, increasing the size of the country is the best way to control them.
Federalist No. 51
The necessity of good government is preserved in the concept of separation of powers.
Federalist No. 70
The executive of the US needs to be a single entity. Making it a dual position or a committee would be dangerous.
Federalist No. 78
Judges should have the power of "judicial review" as well as the position being permanent during good behavior.
The Declaration of Independence
The failure of the monarchy living up to its end of the social contract and failure at protecting its citizens' natural rights.
The Articles of Confederation
Fearing a monarchy, government was constructed on the idea of limiting the executive.
The Federalist proposal to amend the issues of the first American attempt at government.
The Bill of Rights
The Anti-federalists demanded that this be added for their acquiescence of the new American government.
The powers and abilities of the Legislature.
The powers and abilities of the Executive
The powers and abilities of the Judiciary
This outlines the relationship between the states and the federal governments role.
This outlines the process of amending the Constitution.
This outlines that the federal government shall be supreme when compared to the states.
This allowed nine of the thirteen states to approve the new government.
Brutus No. 1
The "necessary and proper" clause allows the government too much power. Also, the size of the country will cause the rise of factions.
Letter from a Birmingham Jail
1) Collection of the facts to determine injustice, 2) Negotiation, 3) Self-purification, & 4) Direct action.