Psychology Review: The Brain
Terms in this set (77)
You feel a touch of a feather on your left thumb, what part of the brain is that?
What is the most likely to happen when the corpus callosum is snipped apart?
the patient would not be able to verbally communicate what the right hemisphere knows
You are a surgeon operating on the brain, you apply electrical stimulation to different parts of the motor strip. What is most likely to occur?
The patient's arm will twitch
Where is the sensory strip located?
parietal lobe and registers sensations
Difficulty with grammar and other rules of language
Difficulty with the speaking part and pronunciation and other motor aspects of speech
Difficulty in the visual aspects of language, like reading
Difficulty in reading braille because the brain cannot distinguish one letter from the other, since sense of touch is limited
Difficulty in creating and organizing sentences
What is the prefrontal lobe responsible for?
Making sense of things around you
What is the motor strip responsible for?
What is the sensory strip responsible for?
What is the occipital lobe responsible for?
What are the temporal lobes responsible for?
What is the left temporal lobe responsible for?
What has the greatest role in language?
left temporal and left frontal
Someone hit you hard on the forehead, why do you suddenly see spots in front of your eyes?
The nerves around the occipital lobe smash into the skull and cause the spots
Beethoven was deaf during the last few years of his life but continued to compose music. Which lobe most likely allowed him to ¨hear¨ the music even though he was deaf?
Which lobe will most likely help you ¨picture¨ an art project before it is completed?
There seems to be convincing evidence to suggest left handedness is:
genetically programmed during development
Statistically left handers are more likely to excel in:
non verbal activities like art and music
If someone's left hemisphere is dominant, the person will probably be
If Phil's cerebral cortex was damaged but his lower brain was unaffected, which of the following would most likely happen?
Phil's intelligence would decline
The primary role of the thalamus is to:
relay messages from the body to the brain and vice versa
What is most likely to occur if the reticular activating system is suddenly overloaded by major injury to the brain?
The victim would become unconscious because the RAS would temporarily shut down
Long fibers that carry impulses from the cell
Short fibers that receive information from other nerve cells
Containers that hold the neurotransmitters
Gaps between neurons
What would most likely happen if something prevented the release of acetylcholine?
Acetylcholine is a neurotransmitter responsible for?
What is not true about dopamine?
An excess of dopamine seems to play a role in Parkinson's
Which of the following situations would make you most likely to increase endorphins?
running 3 miles
Why does alcohol make people sleepy and throw off their coordination?
alcohol acts as a neurotransmitter that slows down and shuts off
The brain and spinal cord, together, make up the?
central nervous system
What is the main difference between the endocrine system and the nervous system?
endocrine messages last longer in the body than from the nervous system
Why would an underactive thyroid cause someone to be sluggish?
The thyroid helps control metabolism which affects energy levels
5 year old jake stopped growing because of a major reduction in the release of growth hormones, what most likely caused this?
a defective thyroid gland
(t/f) males have more androgen, females have more estrogen
Why would it be virtually impossible to control everybody's actions by electrically stimulating their brains?
each brain is slightly different
what organ of the body is most demanding?
If a surgeon stimulated the motor strip of the brain, you might
twitch your nose
the visual area of the brain is located in the
back of your head (occipital)
The bundle of nerve fibers that connect the two hemispheres of the brain together is the
the purpose of the cerebellum is to
balance and coordinate
the ability to know how to get from class to class is provided by
John gets angry and begins to smash the furniture in his room. This anger is controlled by his
The spinal cord acts as a
relay station from and to the brain
The purpose of the axon is
(t/f) communications by neurons usually last a long time
(t/f) if you twist your ankle your somatic nervous system lets your central nervous system know you've been injured
(t/f) it is possible to have the halves of your brains disconnected and survive
(t/f) intelligence is greater in left handed people
The most common neurotransmitter is
The chemical that prepares the body for emergencies is
the speed at which your body operates is known as
the ? lobe contains the major centers for hearing
the female hormone is
This depression marks the division of one half of the brain from the other:
watching your teacher write on the board uses which lobe?
You become upset during a test. Your feelings are based in the:
the space between a neuron and the dendrite is the
John often goes to sleep in class. This behavior is due to his
reticular activating system
your grandfather has parkinsons, the doctor thinks this is from a lack of
This plays an important part in weight control
Sue is 14 and she is interested in dating a certain boy at school. Her feelings are partly the result of:
Your body is able to automatically control breathing without your conscious effort because its:
autonomic nervous system
Motor strip controls
sensory strip controls
temporal lobe controls
hearing and speech
occipital lobe controls
frontal lobe controls
(t/f) it is thought that the size of the frontal lobe reflects the intellectual level of a species
(t/f) those nerves that are outside the brain and spinal column are part of peripheral system
(t/f) the female hormone is called androgen
(t/f) the chemical that prepares us for emergencies is adrenaline
(t/f) the central nervous system includes the brain but not the spinal column and nerves it contains