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PTA 120 Final Review
Terms in this set (74)
The term COPD stands for
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
What is the most common cause of basal cell carcinoma?
prolonged sun exposure
You are treating your patient for a recent hip fracture resulting from a fall at home. The patient is also receiving radiation treatments due to a new diagnosis of lung cancer. What is the most important factor to consider when treating this patient each day?
listen to the patient
Chest pain is generally not present in which of the following
The cumulative effects of exposure to the sun are defined as
An adverse drug reaction that is potentially life threatening is classified as
The PTA applies ice to a patient's hand. The patient has sudden blanching, cyanosis, and arrhythmia of the fingers. The ice pack is removed and 10 to 15 minutes later, blood flow returns to the fingers. At this point the fingers become red, stiff, swollen, and painful. What phenomenon does this patient present with, and what other condition will this patient most likely present with?
Raynaud's phenomenon, scleroderma
Which of the following is not considered a cause of skin lesions
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Ringworm or Tinea Corporis is caused by?
A PTA instructs a patient rehabilitating from thoracic surgery how to produce an effective cough. Which patient position would be most appropriate to initiate treatment?
Herpes Zoster (Shingles) is considered
a viral infection
The most frequent cause of cancer death in the United States is from
What is the most commonly recognized skin manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus?
Which of the following is true of hypertension
more common in women
One of the main expected outcomes of postural drainage is to
improve breath sounds on the lungs being treated
Which of the following diseases is described as a pathological accumulation of air in lung tissues found in most people with COPD and most often smokers?
Signs and symptoms of skin lesions generally include all of the following except
headache and nausea
A PTA observes a patient's breathing as part of a respiratory assessment. Which muscle of respiration is most active during forced expiration?
Which of the following groups of people should focus on practicing healthy behaviors?
any individual regardless of disease process
A 61 year old male referred to PT complains of an excessive cough, sputum production, and shortness of breath. The patient indicated that he has been bothered by some combination of these symptoms for over 10 years. The patient's present condition is most indicative of:
Which of the following diseases includes these characteristics:
- the most common genetic disease of the white population
- mucus plugs the airway
- causes cystic dilation
- involves all bronchi
- is a progressive disease
Which of the following diseases includes these characteristics:
- caused by staph or strep infection
- spots turn into lesions
- common in young children
The structure known as the support and tensile strength for tissue and organs:
A PTA is providing patient education on diaphragmatic breathing. What are the appropriate patient hand placements to ensure correct technique?
hand over their chest and stomach
What is the first step in tissue healing?
A skin condition classified as chronic facial disorder, mostly commonly noted in older adults, form of acne, and with no known cause is most likely:
What does the physical therapist assistant (PTA) really need to know about lice?
soap-containing permethrin is used in the treatment of head lice
Excessive sweating can lead to
A patient after recent and total knee replacement cannot climb stairs. Using the classification model, what classification does the inability to negotiate stairs fall under?
Which of the following can be defined as the development of an unhealthy condition?
A person with injury to the brain in the right hemisphere would most likely exhibit which of the following cognitive deficits?
decreased executive functions
Which of the following is considered a natural part of the psychologic process of dealing with illness?
At what age is the knee meniscus the most vascular?
Which of the following conditions is a generalized connective tissue disorder of unknown origin cause characterized by thickening and fibrosis of the skin?
Which of the following disorders is the result of an alteration in the chromosome?
What are the most common causes of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome?
sepsis and myocardial infarction
A 27-year-old male presents to physical therapy with a diagnosis of patella tendonitis. The patient explains that he has been "working out" for 5 to 6 hours per day for approximately the last 2 to 3 weeks. The therapist notes an abnormal amount of facial acne and body hair. The therapist suspects drug abuse. What type of drug is this patient most likely abusing?
The nucleus of nearly every cell in the human body contains
What type of cough indicates airway irritation and infection?
productive cough with purulent sputum
Which of the following is a frequent cause of cardiac arrest?
A PTA attempts to assist a patient in proper breathing techniques following thoracic surgery. Which of the following breathing techniques would be the most beneficial?
A patient is beginning cardiac rehabilitation after recent coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). Which of the following would be a clinical sign to discontinue or modify the patient's current exercise?
blood pressure during exercise of 220/120 mm Hg.
A physical therapist assistant treats a patient who has experienced a lengthy hospitalization due to cardiovascular issues. They are now in a skilled nursing facility for continued rehabilitation. What should be the initial primary focus of therapy interventions?
breathing exercises for lung expansion
The PTA suspects deep vein thrombosis (DVT) for a patient that recently had a total knee replacement. The PTA noted that the patient has a positive Homan's sign. What should the therapist do based on this finding?
contact the supervising physical therapist or referring physician
Which of the following is a manifestation of pneumonia?
an inflammation affecting the parenchyma of the lungs
Which of the following is indicative of an arterial ulcer?
wound over the lateral malleolus with minimum exudate and a dry wound bed
Which of the following is defined as a disturbance of the heart rate or rhythm?
What single intervention against coronary artery disease has the ability to influence the greatest number of risk factors?
What disease is associated with thickening of the walls of the small arteries?
Exposure to which of the following materials could possibly lead to Pneumoconiosis?
Which of the following describes the transmission mode of tuberculosis?
inhalation of infected airborne particles
Which disease is commonly associated with an enlargement of the right ventricle secondary to pulmonary HTN?
All of the following can be described as a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) except
What is the primary goal of chest physical therapy?
What type of cardiomyopathy is the most common cause of sudden death in young competitive athletes?
What is the most common cause of chronic obstructive lung disease?
A 73 y.o. male patient receiving outpatient physical therapy begins to experience acute angina. What signs are most likely present?
left shoulder pain, chest pain, jaw pain
A PTA works with a 26 year old female whose subjective complaints include morning stiffness of her hands and visible swelling. The patient indicates that the stiffness seems to diminish with activity. This best describes
What is the primary cause of prosthetic joint failure?
The following descriptions are indicative of which syndrome/disease?
- rapid break down of skeletal muscles
- associated with acute renal failure
- muscle pain and dark urine
Why do many clients with muscular dystrophy exhibit increased lumbar lordosis
abdominal and hip extensor weakness
Myositis is described as
inflammation of the muscle
Paralysis of the upper limb, typically from a traction injury, is usually a sign of what type of syndrome present at birth?
Which of the following conditions has a connection to uric acid?
Which of the following disorders contain these characteristics:
- neuromuscular disease
- progressive wasting and weakness of skeletal muscles
- originates from anterior horn cell degeneration
spinal muscular atrophy
Which of the following types of bone fractures is unique to children?
physeal plate fracture
A surgeon chooses to use the patient's own skin for a graft. What type of graft has the surgeon chosen to use?
What type of benign soft tissue tumor is usually seen in the popliteal area?
General characteristics of Rheumatoid arthritis include
begins with attacking the joint synovium for gradual joint destruction. It is a chronic systemic inflammatory disease with articular and extra-articular presentations
An individual with a right torticollis will present with which of the following?
right side bending and left rotation
What is the primary objective of the vascular response to injury?
to bring white blood cells to the area
Which of the following has a connection to septic/infectious arthritis?
Which of the following disorders includes the following characteristics:
- decrease of new bone formation
- decrease of bone mass
- most common metabolic bone disease
Duchenne's muscular dystrophy is considered the most common type of muscular dystrophy. Which of the following are characteristics of Duchenne's?
becomes apparent at 2 - 4 years of age
rapidly progressing muscle wasting with deformity
loss of walking by 9 - 10 years of age
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