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180 terms

STNA Medical Terms 2011

Ohio State STNA terms required to be known by the state.
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Abandonment
withdrawing support or help despite allegiance or responsibility
Abdominal Thrust
quick, upward pulls into the diaphragm to force out an obstruction blocking the airway
Abduction Pillow
goes between the legs; it helps keep the legs spread
Abuse
cruel or inhumane treatment
Accidents
an unfortunate event resulting from carelessness or ignorance
Activities
things that are done for enjoyment, often as part of education and often in groups.
ADL
Activities of daily living
Admission
beginning process of a patient
Admitting Resident
beginning process of a patient, beginning process of a patient; admission of a resident into a long term care facility
Affected Side
a weakened side from a stroke or injury; also called the "weaker" or "involved" side.
Agitation
a mental state of extreme emotional disturbance
Alternating Pressure Mattress
[P]:alt pressure increase/decreases with use of pump; [TNI]:Assess on admit/schedule limited mobility + drainage, body fluids, contained pus, Stage III/IV; post operative flap, pain management; [R]: pressure can be reduced under bony prominences but increased under others
Alzheimer's Disease
an irreversible, progressive brain disorder, characterized by the deterioration of memory, language, and eventually, physical functioning
Ambulation
the act of walking
Amputees
an individual who has had a limb cut off
Anger
occurs when the patient is no longer able to deny death
Antiembolic Stocking
tight-fitting elastic fabric applies pressure, compressing veins and helping to return blood
Anxiety
a vague unpleasant emotion that is experienced in anticipation of some (usually ill-defined) misfortune
Aphasia
loss of speech due to injury or illness
Appropriate Response
a reply that is made that is suitable for the circumstances
Arthritis
inflammation of a joint or joints
Aseptic
free of or using methods to keep free of pathological microorganisms
Assistive Device
giving assistance, Special equipment that helps a person who is ill or disabled to perform ADL's; also called adaptive devices
Axillary Temperature
Temperature taken at the armpit
Back Strain
hurting ones back
Bacteria
single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-shaped organisms lacking chlorophyll that reproduce by fission
Bargaining
occurs when patients accept death but want more time to live
Basic Needs
These are the things people cannot live without, such as food, clothing, and shelter
Basic Skin Care
Clean and moisturize your skin daily. Block the sun. Seek professional help for skin problems. Eat a balanced diet. Self screening.
Bathing
the act of washing yourself (or another person)
Bathing Resident
the act of bathing/ cleaning the resident
Bed Cradle
a metal or plastic frame suspended over the hospital bed to keep the weight of the linen off the resident's body
Bed Height
The level of a patient bed
Bed Position
the position the bed is in. also controlled by buttons on the control of the bed.
Bedpan
a shallow vessel used by a bedridden patient for defecation and urination
Bladder Training
goal is to gain control of urination done as directed by nurse and care plan person uses toilet/pan at frequent regular intervals and is slowly increased.
Blindness
the inability to see
Blood Pressure
the pressure of the circulating blood against the walls of the blood vessels
Body Alignment
the way the head, trunk, arms, and legs are aligned with one another; posture
Body Fluids
tears, saliva, sputum (mucous coughed up), urine, feces, semen, vaginal secretions, and pus or other wound drainage
Body Language
communication via the movements or attitudes of the body
Body Mechanics
The proper use of the body to facilitate lifting and moving and preventing injury.
Bowel Program
program that manipulates factor within a person's control (timing of defecation, exercise) to produce a regular pattern of comfortable defecation with medications or enemas
Breathing
the bodily process of inhalation and exhalation
Burnout
exhaustion of physical or emotional strength or motivation, usually as a result of prolonged stress or frustration
Call Light
allows the patient to call for help
Cancer
any malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled cell division
Cane
held on strong side, goes forward with weak side before the strong side step after
Cardic Arrest
Sudden / unexpected stop of heart
Care Impaired
gain attention, position at their level, face when speaking, check wearing hearing aid and it is finctional & clean, speak slowly & clearly, adjust pitch to mid tone, dont cover mouth, state topic first, tell them when chaging subject, use short simple sentences, gestures & expressions, restate as needed be alert, reduce or eliminate background noise
Care Plan
a plan developed for each resident to achieve certain goals.
Cast
bandage consisting of a firm covering (often made of plaster of Paris) that immobilizes broken bones while they heal
Cataracts
eye disease in which the lens becomes covered in an opaque film that affects sight, eventually causing total blindness.
Catheter Care
Providing care for a urinary cat, hygiene measures used to keep the meatus and adjacent area of the catheter clean
cc's in an ounce
30cc/mL
Centeral Nervous System
Brain and the spinal cord.
Cerebral Vascular Accident
is a sudden interference in brain function caused by an interruption in the blood flow through the blood vessels in the brain; also called stroke or CVA. A stroke may be caused by a clot ischemic stroke, or by a break in the blood vessel in the brain a hemorrhagic stroke
Charge Nurse
registered nurse or licensed practical nurse;supervises the other nurses for a particular shift
Circulation
The process of moving the blood in the veins and arteries throughout the body
Clarification
the act of making clear or understandable, an explanation
Clear Liquid Diet
a diet that consists of foods that are liquid at room temperature and leave little residue in the intestine. Ex: Water, Sprite, Ginger Ale, all beverages without any residue, broth, Jello
Clergy
A body of officials who perform religious services, such as priests, ministers or rabbis.
Cold Compress
should be applied for 20 minutes at 59* to relieve inflammation and edema, should observe for adverse reactions such as burning skin, erythema, extreme paleness or cyanosis
Combative Resident
resident with violent or hostile behavior.
Comfort Care
therapies used to insure that a patient is pain free for the rest of his or life
Communication
the act of talking with someone and discussing something together
Compensation
something (such as money) given or received as payment or reparation (as for a service or loss or injury)
Competency Evaluation Program
state operated program to certify skills persons wanting to be a nurse assistant
Confidentiality
the act of holding information in confidence, not to be released to unauthorized individuals
Confused Resident
the inability to think clearly., a patient with a distorted mental status
Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)
inability of the heart to pump enough blood through the body to supply the tissues and organs with nutrients and oxygen
Constipation
irregular and infrequent or difficult evacuation of the bowels
Constrict
draw together; render narrower; shrink
Contact Isolation
used when caring for people infected with pathogens that can be transmitted directly or indirectly
Contamination
soiled through contact with nonsterile materials
Contracture
the permanent tightening of fascia, muscles, tendons, ligaments, or skin that occurs when normally elastic connective tissues are replaced with nonelastic fibrous tissues
Converting Measures
one milliliter (mL) is a unit of measure equal to one cubic centimeter (cc). 1 oz.=30 mL or 30 cc. 1/4 cup= 2 oz.= 60 mL. 1/2cup= 4 oz.= 120 mL. 1 cup= 8 oz.= 240 mL. Use your facility's policies on whether to document using "mL" or "cc"
COPD
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; chronic bronchitis - bronchiole lining inflamed, excess mucus formed; emphysema - walls of alveoli break down; HYPOXIC DRIVE (not in asthma)
Cueing
use of signals to indicate that a certain behavior is desired or that a certain behavior should stop
CVA
cerebral vascular accident (stroke)
Cyanotic
the bluish color of the mucous membranes, nail beds, and skin that occurs when blood is not picking up an adequate amount of oxygen from the lungs
Death and Dying
death as an orderly transition involving five stages. denial, anger, negotiation, resignation, and acceptance
Dehydration
a serious reduction in the body's water content
Dementia
a slowly progressive decline in mental abilities, including memory, thinking, and judgment, that is often accompanied by personality changes
Denial
a defense mechanism in which unpleasant thought or desires are ignored or excluded from consciousness
Dentures
artificial teeth
Depression
a mental state characterized by a pessimistic sense of inadequacy and a despondent lack of activity
Developmental Process
improve efficiency of functions
Diabetes
A condition of abnormal use of glucose, usually caused by too little insulin or lack of response to insulin, any of several metabolic disorders marked by excessive urination and persistent thirst
Dialysis
separation of substances in solution by means of their unequal diffusion through semipermeable membranes
Diastolic
Measurement of blood pressure taken when the heart is at rest; measurement of the constant pressure in arteries.
Digestion
the organic process by which food is converted into substances that can be absorbed into the body
Discharging Resident
the official release of a resident from a health care facility to their home; the team helps prepare the resident to leave
Disinfection
destruction of pathogens by chemical or physical means
Disoriented Resident
a resident that does not know: who he or anyone is (person), town/city (place),current year (time) or is generally confused
Disposing of Contaminated Materials
dispose of in a designated biohazard bag/container
Documentation
The systematic, logical, and consistent recording of a patient's health status-history, examination, tests, results, of treatments, and observations-in chronological order in a patient's medical record.
Dressing
the act of applying a bandage; the activity of getting dressed
Dry Skin
Lack adequate sebum production exhibits heightened sensitivity; prone to fine lines and wrinkles presents small pores appears thin and delicate
Dying
process of decline in body functions, resulting in death of an organism
Dysphagia
condition in which swallowing is difficult or painful
Edema
swelling from excessive accumulation of serous fluid in tissue
Elastic Stockings
exert pressure on veins to promote blood flow, helping to prevent blood clot
Elevate Head
keeping the head raised above its normal level
Elimination
the act of removing or getting rid of something
Empathy
Identification with and understanding of another's situation, feelings, and motives
Emphysema
disease in which the tissues of the lungs lose elasticity, making breathing very difficult
Ethics
motivation based on ideas of right and wrong
Extremity
that part of a limb that is farthest from the torso
Eye Glasses
lens worn to aid vision
Falls
a steep descent
Fecal Impaction
accumulation of hardened feces in the rectum or lower colon which the person cannot move
Feeding
the act of supplying food and nourishment
Fire Safety
The risk control measures used to protect people and property from the adverse effects of hostile fires.
Flatus
a reflex that expels intestinal gas through the anus
Flexed
made tighter by bending; contracted
Fluid Intake
when a fluid is consumed into the body and is then recorded
Foot Board
a piece of wood or plastic placed at the end of the hospital bed and used for positioning the resident's feet
Foot Care
daily foot check for blisters, reddened areas, swelling
Foot Drop
The foot falls down at the ankle; permanent plantar flexion
Fowler's Position
a semi-sitting position; the head of the bed is raised between 45 and 60 degrees
Fraud
a deliberate deception intended to produce unlawful gain
Free From Disease
aseptic or not having any disease
Frequent Urination
the reoccuring and often urge to urinate.
Gait Belt
device used to transfer people from one position to another or from one thing to another.
Gastric Feedings
a medical device which is inserted into a patient's stomach to supplement his or her diet.
Gastrostomy Tube
a tube which is surgically placed directly into the client's stomach and provides another route for administering nutrition and medications
Geriatrics
the branch of medical science that deals with diseases and problems specific to old people
Gestures
the ways in which people use their bodies to communicate with one another
Gloves
handwear: covers the hand and wrist
Grieving Process
The process by which people cope with death and dying; denial, anger, bargaining, depression, acceptance
Hair Care
care for the hair; the activity of washing or cutting or curling or arranging the hair
Hallucination
delusion; false idea; false perception of objects with a compelling sense of their reality; objects so perceived
Hand Tremors
uncontrollable movement of the hands
Hand Washing
Do this thoroughly when finished with the activity. Use antibacterial soap and warm water. Lather both sides of your hands and between your fingers. Rinse well.
Hearing Aid
an electronic device that amplifies sound and is worn to compensate for poor hearing
Hearing Impaired
Deaf, not able to hear
Hemiplegia
paralysis of one side of the body
HIV
Human Immunodeficiency Virus; the virus that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)
Hospice Care
treatment of the terminally ill in their own homes, or in special hospital units or other facilities, with the goal of helping them to die comfortably, without pain
Hydration
taking in fluids so that the body functions properly
Ice Bag
a waterproof bag filled with ice: applied to the body (especially the head) to cool or reduce swelling
Ileostomy
surgical procedure that creates an opening from the ileum through the abdominal wall to function as an anus
Immune System
a system that protects the body from foreign substances and pathogenic organisms by producing the immune response
Impairment
the condition of being unable to perform as a consequence of physical or mental unfitness
Incontinence
involuntary urination or defecation
Indwelling Catheter
a catheter that stays in the bladder for a period of time.
Infection
the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms and their multiplication which can lead to tissue damage and disease
Infection Control
methods to eliminate or reduce the transmission of infectious microorganisms
Input and Output
what comes in and out of the body
Insulin
Hormone produced by the pancreas that is released when stimulated by elevated glucose levels. This hormone decreases blood sugar levels by accelerating the transport of glucose into the body cells where it is oxidized for energy or converted to glycogen or fat for storage.
Intake
the process of taking food into the body through the mouth (as by eating)
Intake and Output
I&O; is one tool to assess fluid status by keeping a record of a client't fluid intake and fluid loss overa a 24-hour period.
Integumentary System
the organ system that forms a protective covering on the outside of the body
Isolation
keeping an infected person in the hospital or staying at home in bed when suffering form a disease as a way of controlling the transmission of infectious diseases
IV Care
cleaning around the IV site while refraining from tugging or putting strain on the IV or tubing.
Laxatives
medications or foods given to stimulate bowel movements
Life Support
medical equipment that assists or replaces important bodily functions and so enables a patient to live who otherwise might not survive
Lift/Draw Sheet
a small, flat sheet that is placed over the middle of the bottom sheet, covering the area of the bed from above the person's shoulders to below his or her buttocks
Linen
white goods or clothing made with linen cloth
Liquid Diet
consist of liquids ( a liquid is described as food that is fluid at room temperature or becomes liquid at room temperature
Listening
the act of hearing attentively
Low Sodium Diet
This type of diet is good for those with heart disease or kidney disease.
Making Occupied Bed
a bed made while a person is in the bed.
Mask
prevents the spread of microbes to the resporitary tract
Maslow
Humanist psychologist who developed a pyramid representing heirarchy of human needs.
Measuring Temperature
recording the residents body temperature
Mechanical Soft Diet
..., Foods that are prepared with blender, food processors, or cutting utentsils. Does not limit spices, fat, & other fiber. Only texture of food changes.
Medical Record
a written account of a person's condition and response to treatment and care; chart
Medications
drugs that are administered to a patient who is sick or in pain
Memory Loss
partial or total loss of memory
Mentally Impaired
a disorder that affects a person's mind, causing the person to act in unusual ways, experience emotional difficulties or both
Microorganisms
Living creatures that are too small to see with the naked eye
Mistreatment
the practice of treating (someone or something) badly
Mobility
the ability to move easily from place to place
Morning Care
Care given after breakfast; hygiene measures are more thorough at this time
Mouth Care
cleaning the teeth of a peron in the moring and at night; also sometimes after eating a meal
Moving
to go from one place to another
Multiple Sclerosis
A chronic disease of the central nervous system marked by damage to the myelin sheath. Plaques occur in the brain and spinal cord causing tremor, weakness, incoordination, paresthesia, and disturbances in vision and speech
Musculoskeletal System
the system of muscles and tendons and ligaments and bones and joints and associated tissues that move the body and maintain its form