Chapter 5 Adulthood and Old Age
Terms in this set (46)
An important advantage that a 60-year-old driver has over a 20 year-old driver is what?
In order for a marriage to last, what is the best way for the couple to handle conflict?
Focus on solving problems together.
An important way to help retain our cognitive abilities as you age is by what?
Having a career that is intellectually challenging.
As they reach the 40-45 age range, men often what?
Begin to examine what they have accomplished in their lives.
One common cause of depression among middle-aged women is what?
The death of a parent.
The biological event in which a woman's production of sex hormone is sharply reduced.
The desire in middle age to uses one's accumulated wisdom to guide future generations.
Examples include advertisement or television shows depicting older adults as slow and out of date?
Based on basic information-processing skills
Declines as people age and their nervous system declines.
Idea that mental and physical decline are unavoidable as people age
Decremental model of aging
Collective term for conditions UCB as memory loss and forgetfulness
Based upon facts and rooted experience
Crystallized model of aging
Which of the following is one of the most common chronic diseases if the elderly?
Why are elderly people with assertive personalities often better able to cope with changes in their lives than those who are less assertive?
They are better at explaining what kinds if care and attending they need.
Once called the American Association of the Retired People (AARP)' the organization did what?
Lobbied on social issues that effect the elderly.
What kind of intelligence are you using when you apply what you already know about computers t fix problems with a new computer?
Alzheimer's disease is typically associated with
the gradual deterioration of cognitive functioning.
The study or death and dying
When going through the stages of dying, many people go from complete denial to final
In the United States what type of hospice is most common
Jo bowl by established a framework for the different stages of grief based on
Eleanor is struggling through the second stage of dying. This can best be described as a stage of
What might happen if a terminally ill person stays in the denial stage too long?
He may delay treatment for so long that there are serious medical consequences
Robert recently lost his father and is haunted by feelings that he did not spend enough time with him near the end. What stage of grief is he most likely in?
Yearning and searching
Serena lost her husband a few months ago. Last week she got lost driving home from the local grocery store. What stage of grief is she most likely in?
Disorientation and disorganization
Which of the following statements is true concerning he stages of dying and death as described by Kübler-Ross?
Not all individuals go through all stages.
What are the 3 most common causes of death in later adulthood?
Heart disease, yes
cirrhosis of the liver, no
What is the main goal of hospice?
To make patients surroundings pleasant and comfortable while using tranquilizers and other drugs to ease discomfort and relieve pain
Levinson stated that during ________ , a man must decide whether he wants to explore more of life's options or to begin, establishing a stable life.
age 30 transition
According to Erik Erikson, a successful midlife transition for men fosters a sense of
established a four-stage framework for understanding how people tend to deal with grief
Psychologist who theorized the terminally ill progress through sequence of: Denial, Anger, Bargaining, Depression, Acceptance
4 stages of grief
1. Shock and numbness, stunned by the loss and may have trouble concentrating or judgement
2. Yearning and searching, feel guilty or angry ask questions about life or death
3. Disorientation and disorganization, loss of focus becoming depressed
4. Reorganization and resolution, loved one gets over the isolation and they feel joy by establishing a new level of normality
Progressive degeneration of the brain that ultimately results in dementia. (Most common form of dementia)
proposed a theory for the adult development of men
a discontinuation of development and a desire to recapture the past, the middle adult era can a time of extremes frustration and unhappiness and men began to believe the future holds no promises. (Opposite of generativity)
Between the ages of 45 and 50 women typically experience a stage that represents all of the psychological and biological changes occurring at that time.
Physiological changes that occur during the transition period from fertility to infertility in both sexes
When do you reach your physical peak?
Between the ages of 18 and 30
About what percent of elderly have a chronic disease?
The most prevalent diseases in elderly are?
Heart disease, stroke, cancer, diabetes, and arthritis.
What is a devastating challenge faced by the elderly?
The loss of the spouse
Why have some people disregarded Külber-Ross's stages of dying?
Not all patients go through all of the stages and some might go through the stages but in different orders or they repeat the same orders.
stages of death
1. denial, shock and numbness denying that they are going to dine "no, this can't be happening to ,the "
2. anger, people are angry at fate and the powers that be, alienate themselves "why me"
3. bargaining, change attitude and bargain with fate for something in return to god"
4. depression, people are aware of the losses they are inquiring such as loss of body tissue or job
5. acceptance,the struggle is over and the dying person feels a sense of calmness.
Social aspects of death
Disposal of the body, mourning customs, and the role of the family.
Factors determining if a person will get Alzheimer's disease?
Genetics, life events,