17 terms

letter P counseling terms (primary reinforcer-projective identification)

What paradigm does primary reinforcer come from?
operant conditioning
What does primary reinforcer?
biologically determined reinforcers such as food and sex
What is privilege?
A legal right and state law gives to clients stating that communications between therapist and client are protected by the law from forced disclosure.

That is, only the client, not the therapist, has the legal right to disclose communications that take place within such a relationship
what theory is probing from?
What is probing?
when the therapist asks questions and or makes provocative comments designed to evoke responses which help to obtain information about how the family operates.

Even failure to obtain the family's cooperation provides information about their boundaries
What therapy does problem determined systems come from?
collaborative language family therapy
What is a problem determined system?
any system in which a problem is so prominent in the family's conversation that few decisions can be made without taking it into account.

People who are interested in talking about the problem constitute the problem-determined system
Problem saturated stories are from what theory?
narrative therapy
What are problem saturated stories?
constructing a story about oneself by emphasizing problematic experiences and ignoring competencies.

Individuals and families then function under the influence of such problem filled stories
What is the term process mean?
A term used to describe the dynamics of a system, often contrasted with content
Projection is from what theories?
psychoanalytic and object relations
What is projection?
an unconscious defense in which unwanted feelings or beliefs about oneself are split off and then attributed to others
What is projective hypothesis?
the notion that the information people reveal varies according to the circumstance
What is an example of projective hypothesis?
the process of contructing a genogram tends to encourage subjective responses that distort the information that is revealed.

Therapists should pay attention not only to the information received from the cleint family, but also to their projections and distortations
What is a projective identification?
An interactive and dysfunctional defense mechanism,
What is projective identification defined by?
the object relations model, in which unwanted characteristics of the self are unconsciously projected onto (attributed to) another person who colludes by behaving as if these projections are true of them.
What is an example of projective identification?
a father has an impulse to engage in deviant or illegal behavior, but the impulse causes him anxiety.
He unconsciously projects the impulse onto his son and subtly reinforces his son's acting-out behaviors