APGoPo Unit 4 : Political Ideologies and Beliefs
Terms in this set (31)
liberty, individualism, equality of opportunity, free enterprise, rule of law, limited government
values of American political culture
an economic system in which private business operates in competition and largely free of state control.
rule of law
principle that the law applies to everyone, even those who govern
the process by which people gain their political attitudes and opinions
most important factor in political socialization
family, media, education, peers, major events
major factors in political socialization
shows that as people become middle-aged, they become more politically conservative, less mobile, and more likely to participate in politics
the impact of events experienced by a generational cohort on the formation of common political orientations
a more or less consistent set of beliefs about what policies government ought to pursue
A person who believes government power, particularly in the economy, should be limited in order to maximize individual freedom; FAVORS more defense spending, protection of traditional values and social order, private school vouchers, end to entitlements, less regulation of business, supply side economics.
supply-side economics (Reaganomics)
Economic theory that tax cuts for individuals and businesses encourage investment and production (supply) and stimulate consumption (demand) because individuals can keep more of their earnings. In reality, supply-side economics created a massive federal budget deficit.
a person who generally believes the government should take an active role in the economy and in social programs but that the government should not dictate social behavior; FAVORS : cuts in defense spending, protect rights of accused, public education, Keynesian economic theory
Theory based on the principles of John Maynard Keynes, stating that government spending should increase during business slumps and be curbed during booms.
A political ideology that is opposed to all government action except as necessary to protect life and property.
Government policy that attempts to manage the economy by controlling the money supply and thus interest rates; determined by the Federal Reserve.
in monetary policy, it is the relationship between the money supply and interest rates.
public opinion poll
a survey in which individuals are asked to answer questions about a particular issue or person
A poll that is taken before voters have cast their votes at the polling stations
a survey taken at polling places of how people voted
unscientific survey used to gauge public opinion on a variety of issues and policies
a sample that fairly represents a population because each member has an equal chance of inclusion
a variation of random sampling; the population is divided into subgroups and weighted based on demographic characteristics of the national population
initial poll on a candidate and issues on which campaign strategy is based and against which later polls are compared
a poll taken for the candidate on a nearly daily basis as election day approaches
A small group of individuals who are led in discussion by a professional consultant in order to gather opinions on and responses to candidates and issues.
the difference between the results of random samples taken at the same time
margin of error
the range of percentage points in which the sample accurately reflects the population
recognition, agenda setting, formulation, adoption, budgeting, implementation, evaluation
steps in the public policy process
Determining which public-policy questions will be debated or considered.
the crafting of proposed courses of action to resolve public problems
Carrying out a policy through government agencies and courts (usually involves a bureaucracy)