Terms in this set (75)
The knowledge , beliefs , customs , and values of a group of people
belief in only one god
belief in more than one god
A political system in which nobles are granted the use of lands that legally belong to their king, in exchange for their loyalty, military service, and protection of the people who live on the land
The wealthy, hereditary aristocrats during the Roman era.
A volume consisting of ten parts or books.
a large stone that forms a prehistoric monument
Causes bubonic and pneumonic plague
Demos & Kratia
relating to a social system in which family descent and inheritance rights are traced through the father
A Roman senator renowned for his oratorical skill. Cicero speaks at Caesar's triumphal parade. He later dies at the order of Antony, Octavius, and Lepidus.
a mythical monster with the head of a bull and the body of a man
A complex, highly organized social order
a public open space used for assemblies and markets
Granting favors or giving contracts or making appointments to office in return for political support
A collection of stories written in Middle-English by Geoffrey Chaucer at the end of the 14th century. The tales are told as part of a story-telling contest by a group of pilgrims as they travel together on a journey .
An ancient Egyptian writing system in which pictures were used to represent ideas and sounds
the triangular top of a temple that contains sculpture
True to natural appearance; super-realistic.
Members of the lower class of Ancient Rome including farmers, merchants, artisans and traders
in the Roman Catholic Church, pardon for sins committed during a person's lifetime
A city-state in ancient Greece.
A long series of wars between Christians and Muslims in Southwest Asia
- 12 crusades
A metaphoric compound word or phrase used as a synonym for a common noun
an arched stone support on the outside of buildings, which allows builders to construct higher walls
a structure found by scientist in England is believed to have been built in the Neolithic Age and Bronze Age
A large upright standing stone
a position that allows a clear view or understanding, an advantageous position
a rebirth or revival
daily schedule of monastery
Buddhist shrine that is shaped like a dome or mound
A series of arches supported by piers or columns.
the amount of money paid by a wrong doers family to the victim
a type of narrative that explains beliefs about a people's origins
Dome of Florence Cathedral
a round room used by the Pueblo peoples for religious ceremonies
A point in space, usually located on the horizon, where parallel edges of an object appear to converge.
Julius Caesar's grandnephew and adopted son, Octavian; Rome's first emperor
relating to a society in which men hold the greatest legal and moral authority
The first name for the Roman Colosseum, Could seat 87,000 but modern estimates put it at around 50,000. Arch style, free standing building.
king of the Franks and Holy Roman Emperor
Student of Socrates
Motte and Bailey
type of castle consisting of a raised earth mound and the enclosed courtyard as its base
(1475-1564) An Italian sculptor, painter, poet, engineer, and architect. Famous works include the mural on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, and the sculpture of the biblical character David.
a religious complex in the city of St. Gallen in present-day Switzerland. The Carolingian-era Abbey has existed since 719 and became an independent principality during the 13th century, and was for many centuries one of the chief Benedictine abbeys in Europe. It was founded by Saint Othmar on the spot where Saint Gall had erected his hermitage. The library at the Abbey is one of the richest medieval libraries in the world
Stele of Hammurabi
set of rules or laws enacted by the Babylonian King Hammurabi . The code governed the people living in his fast-growing empire.
Volcano that erupted in 79 AD that killed many people and buried the city of Pompeii
epic poem by Virgil that told the story of a great Trojan hero, Aeneas
the epidemic form of bubonic plague experienced during the Middle Ages when it killed nearly half the people of western Europe
A community of people who share a common culture
point of view
Duccio and Martini
Lliad and Odyssey
firm loyalty and devotion to one's country, gods, and family
A rectangular tiered temple or terraced mound erected by the ancient Assyrians and Babylonians
a journey to a holy place
cave in France where other paintings were found
Italian poet who wrote the Divine Comedy
a series of concentric moldings around an arch
Santa Maria del Fiore
The great cathedral in the center of Florence.
a casting process in which a wax original is molded, then wax is melted out and replaced with metal
extremely intricate or complicated in structure.
A person who is believed to have the power to cure the sick and forecast and control the future
a family system in which the husband is expected to live near the wife's parents
Everyday language of ordinary people
once a city-state in central Italy, became a center of culture and intellect
based on or tracing descent through the female line
Holy Roman Empire
An empire established in Europe in the 10th century A.D., originally consisting mainly of lands in what is now Germany and Italy
This cave is the site of Old Stone Age cave paintings in southeastern France.
Leonardo da Vinci
A well known Italian Renaissance artist, architect, musician, mathemetician, engineer, and scientist. Known for the Mona Lisa.