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51 terms

Kaufman Literary Devices and Terms

STUDY
PLAY
Myth
answers basic questions about the world and human life
Folk Tales
not supposed to be truthful or factual - teach reward of good or punishment of bad
Fables
short tales that show a moral - principal of right and wrong
Legends
some basis in historical facts
Nonfiction
writing about real people, places, and events
Informative Nonfiction
factual information - science, history...
Autobiography
true story of a person's life told by that person
Biography
true story of a person's life told by someone else
Essay
short piece of nonfiction writing that deals with one subject
Formal Essay
serious and scholarly essay
Informal Essay
written to share opinion or persuade someone
Personification
giving an idea or object human or animal qualities
Alliteration
repetition of the same sounds at the beginning of two or more words next to eachother
Imagery
using words to paint a picture of the text
Simile
comparing two things using like or as
Metaphor
comparing two things not using like or as
Hyperbole
a deliberate exaggeration used as a figure of speech
Foreshadowing
when the author gives hints about what is going on or happening in the story
Irony
a situation where the meaning is contradicted by the appearance of the idea
Pun
a play on words - humorous use of alike in sound but different meaning
Onomatopoeia
words that sound like what they mean
Analogy
something familiar is used to describe something unfamiliar
Idiom
expressions that make no sense when literally translated
Oxymoron
opposite words that are used together for effect
Characterization
the way the writer creates and develops a character
Dialect
a form of language as it is spoken in a certain place among a certain group of people
Mood
the feeling created by the writer for the reader
Fiction
writing that comes from an author's imagination
Short Story
a sort fiction story - usually revolves around one idea
Novel
has complex conflicts
Characters
a person or animal who takes part in the story
Setting
the time and place where the story happens
Plot
a series of events and character actions
Exposition
sets the stage for the story
Complications
as the story continues the plot gets more complex
Climax
the highest point of interest in the story
Resolution
loose ends are tied up
Theme
the main message
Internal Conflict
fighting with yourself
External Conflict
a conflict or struggle between two characters
Flashback
a scene or event from the past that appears in a narrative out of chronological order, to fill in information or explain something in the present
Point of View
the person through whose eyes and mind the reader sees
First Person
character in the story is the narrator
Third Person Omniscient
the author acts as the narrator
Third Person Limited Omniscient
the author tells the story but from a point of view of one of the characters in the story
Antagonist
bad guy
Protagonist
the good guy
Main Character
the most important character in a story
Minor Character
one who takes part in the action but is not the focus of attention
Tall Tales
humorous legends with exaggerated characters and impossible events
Urban Legends
realistic stories which happened recently - have supernatural elements