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Gland: pineal
Action: involved in rhythmic activities (daily and seasonal)

Hormones released by the posterior pituitary; releasing and inhibiting hormones that regulate the anterior pituitary.

Gland: Hypothalamus


Gland: Posterior Pituitary
Action: Stimulates contraction of uterus and the milk "letdown" reflex.

Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)

Gland: Posterior Pituitary
Action: promotes retention of water by kidneys.

Growth hormone (GH)

Gland: Anterior Pituitary
Action: Stimulates growth (especially of bones and muscles) and metabolism.

Prolactin (PRL)

Gland: Anterior Pituitary
Action: Stimulates milk production.

Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)

Gland: Anterior Pituitary
Action: Stimulates production of ova and sperm.

Luteinizing hormone (LH)

Gland: Anterior Pituitary
Action: Stimulates overies and testes.

Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)

Gland: anterior Pituitary
Action: Stimulates thyroid gland.

Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)

Gland: Anterior Pituitary
Action: Stimulates adrenal cortex to secrete glucocorticoids.

Thyroxine (T4)

Gland: Thyroid
Action: Stimulates metabolism.


Gland: Thyroid
Action: Stimulates metabolism.


Gland: Thyroid
Action: Reduces blood calcium level

Parathyroid hormone ( PTH)

Gland: Parathyroid
Action: Raises blood calcium level.


Gland: Thymus
Action: "Programs" T cells.


Gland: Adrenal Medulla
Action: Increase blood glucose; increase rate of metabolism; constrict certain blood vessels.


Gland: Adrenal cortex
Action: Increase blood glucose


Gland: Adrenal cortex
Action: Promote reabsorption of Na+ and excretion of K+ in kidneys.


Gland: Pancreas
Action: Reduces blood glucose


Gland: Pancreas
Action: Raises blood glucose


Gland: Testes
Action: Support sperm formation; development and maintenance of male seconday sex characteristics.


Gland: Ovaries
Action: Stimulate uterine lining growth; development and maintenance of female secondary sex characteristics.


Gland: Ovaries
Action: Promotes growth of uterine lining.

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