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23 terms

major endocrine glands and some of their hormones

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Melatonin
Gland: pineal
Action: involved in rhythmic activities (daily and seasonal)
Hormones released by the posterior pituitary; releasing and inhibiting hormones that regulate the anterior pituitary.
Gland: Hypothalamus
Oxytocin
Gland: Posterior Pituitary
Action: Stimulates contraction of uterus and the milk "letdown" reflex.
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
Gland: Posterior Pituitary
Action: promotes retention of water by kidneys.
Growth hormone (GH)
Gland: Anterior Pituitary
Action: Stimulates growth (especially of bones and muscles) and metabolism.
Prolactin (PRL)
Gland: Anterior Pituitary
Action: Stimulates milk production.
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
Gland: Anterior Pituitary
Action: Stimulates production of ova and sperm.
Luteinizing hormone (LH)
Gland: Anterior Pituitary
Action: Stimulates overies and testes.
Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
Gland: anterior Pituitary
Action: Stimulates thyroid gland.
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
Gland: Anterior Pituitary
Action: Stimulates adrenal cortex to secrete glucocorticoids.
Thyroxine (T4)
Gland: Thyroid
Action: Stimulates metabolism.
Triiodothyronine
Gland: Thyroid
Action: Stimulates metabolism.
Calcitonin
Gland: Thyroid
Action: Reduces blood calcium level
Parathyroid hormone ( PTH)
Gland: Parathyroid
Action: Raises blood calcium level.
Thymosin
Gland: Thymus
Action: "Programs" T cells.
Epinephrine/Norepinephrine
Gland: Adrenal Medulla
Action: Increase blood glucose; increase rate of metabolism; constrict certain blood vessels.
Glucocorticoids
Gland: Adrenal cortex
Action: Increase blood glucose
Mineralocorticoids
Gland: Adrenal cortex
Action: Promote reabsorption of Na+ and excretion of K+ in kidneys.
Insulin
Gland: Pancreas
Action: Reduces blood glucose
Glucagon
Gland: Pancreas
Action: Raises blood glucose
Androgens
Gland: Testes
Action: Support sperm formation; development and maintenance of male seconday sex characteristics.
Estrogens
Gland: Ovaries
Action: Stimulate uterine lining growth; development and maintenance of female secondary sex characteristics.
Progesterone
Gland: Ovaries
Action: Promotes growth of uterine lining.