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30 terms

Hominid Quiz review

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Homo Erectus
-Name means "Upright Man"
-Lived from about 1.8 million years ago
first to migrate from Africa into Asia and -Europe because fossils of these species have been found all over Africa, Europe and Asia
-Java man, discovered in Indonesia, and Turkana Boy, found in Kenya, were significant fossil discoveries of this kind
Homo Ergaster
-Means "working man"
-Lived from about 1.6 million years ago
-Made a stone hand ax
-May have been the first to pair up and live monogamously (in partnerships or as families)
-First to make the leap from prey to predator
-Stayed in Africa-did not migrate
Homo Sapiens
-Name means "wise man" or "thinking man"
-Creative thinker
-Originated in Africa around 200,000 years ago
-Developed language and culture
-Only hominid still alive today
Australopithecus
-Name means "Southern Ape"
-Species appears in the fossil record about 4 million years ago
-Spent a lot of time in trees
-Short with long arms
-Famous fossil—Lucy--discovered in 1974
Homo Habilis
-Name means "Handy Man"
-Lived approximately 2.5-1.5 million years ago
-First to make stone tools but not a hunter
-Small teeth and head, but larger brain than Australopithecus
-Famous fossil—Twiggy (1968)
fossil
remains of an animal or plant, or a part of one, that lived many thousands of years ago and is preserved in rock or as a piece of rock
domestication
using plants and animals for human use
agriculture
farming one's own food
nomad
a person who wanders from place to place in search of food following herds of animals
Neolithic Revolution
also known as the agricultural revolution that originated in the Fertile Crescent, people settled into villages about 10,000 to 12,000 years ago and began growing their own food.
specialize
ability to focus on one thing
food surplus
extra supply of food/produce, which was a benefit from the agricultural revolution
evolve
to change over a long period of time
natural selection
a natural process resulting in the evolution of organisms best adapted to the environment
specialization
an adaptation of an organism to have only one specific function
evolution
the process of change that organisms experience to become more complex.
adaptation
a change an organism has as a result of natural selection and evolution
species
a group of individuals having common characteristics
mutation
a random change that an organism has that makes it different from other organisms of the same species
survival of the fittest
only organisms with adaptations right for their environment are able to reproduce and pass on their traits to the next generation
bipedal
to be able to walk on two legs
hunter-gatherer
humans who collect food from their environment everyday
inherit
traits being passed down from generation to the next
competition
when species try to access the same resources
adversity
environmental challenges to survival
resources
objects or things found in the environment that a plant or an animal needs for survival
common ancestor
the one organism from where both apes and primates originated from. Also called, "The Missing Link."
extinction
a situation in which something no longer exists
generation
species born and living at about the same time
hominid
Early humans that were bipedal (walked on 2 legs).

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