Terms in this set (44)
a nation stronger than other powerful nations
state of tension and hostility between nations aligned w/ the U.S on one side and the Soviet Union on the other that rarely led to direct armed conflict
United States policy, established in 1947, of trying to contain the spread of communism
the U.S strategy of limiting communism to the areas already under Soviet control
massive aid package offered by the US to Europe to help countries rebuild after WWII
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
a military alliance between several North Atlantic states to safeguard them from the presumed threat of the Soviet Union's communist bloc; countries from other regions later joined the alliance
mutual-defense alliance between the Soviet Union and seven satellites in Eastern Europe set up in 1955
the relaxation of Cold War tensions during the 1970s
Fidel Castro (b.1926)
served as a leader of Cuba beginning in 1959, when he led the Cuban revolution and installed a communist regime. During the Cold War, Castro's Cuba was allied with the Soviet union and, therefore, at odds with the United States. His policies remain socialist add to the Soviet union. When his health began to fail fall into thousand six, his brother, Raul, took over as the Cuban leader.
John F. Kennedy (1917-1963)
Was president of the United States from 1961 to 1963. A decorated naval commander in World War II, he was elected president at the age of 42. He was president during the communist revolution in Cuba and the Cuban Missile Crisis, and he increased US involvement in Vietnam. On the domestic front, Kennedy's and ministration began the federal to enforce civil rights in the South. He was assassinated on November 22, 1963, by Lee Harvey Oswald.
system of thought and belief
Nikita Khrushchev (1894-1971)
Served in the Red Army during World War II as a lieutenant general and afterwards was a Communist Party official in Ukraine. He became part of the central party leader ship in 1947 and rose to prominence after Stalin's death in 1953. As leader of the Soviet Union from 1955 to 1954, he introduced domestic reforms that made life in the Soviet Union less harsh, but but he crushed rebellions in Eastern Europe. He was the Soviet leader during the Cuban Missile Crisis.
Leonid Brezhnev (1906-1982)
led The Soviet Union from 1964, when he organize the removal of Nikita Khrushchev, until his death in 1982. He presided over the Soviet Union's last arms build-up and the economic stagnation that encouraged the reforms of Mikhail Gorbchev.
the movement to build up areas outside of central cities
mutual dependence of countries on goods, resources, and knowledge from other parts of the world
forced separation by race, sex, religion, or ethnicity
unequal treatment or barriers
Konrad Adenauer (1876-1967)
served as the first chancellor of west Germany , From 1949 to 1963. He led West Germany during its recovery and reconstruction after World War II. His accomplishments included with Germany's entry into NATO and the founding of the European Economic Community.
a country with a market economy but with increased government responsibility for the social and economic needs of its people
Margaret Thatcher (1925-2013)
Was Britain first female prime minister, serving from 1979 to 1990. Thatcher was a conservative and an avowed opponent of socialism seeing it as anti-British because it eroded self-reliance. Under Thatcher the British government sold and nationalized industries to private forms. Thatcher also lead the country during the Falklands War (1982) with Argentina.
European Union (EU)
an International organization made up of over two dozen European nations and dedicated to establishing free trade among its members, with a common currency in common policies and laws.
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
the total value of all goods and services produced in a nation within a particular year
Mao Zedong (1893-1976)
was worn in central China to a peasant family. He helped form the Chinese communist party in 1921. After Jiang Jieshi launched "extermination campaigns" against the Communists, Mao led his army on the epic Long March. Mao briefly joined with Guomindang to suppress Japanese, aggression partnership did not last after World War II ended. The People's Republic of China was established in 1949, Mao initiated drastic reforms, some of which had disastrous consequencess. Mao's use of terror and intolerance of opposition became intentionally notorious.
the forced joining together of workers and property into collectives, such as Rose collective is that absorb peasants and their land
Great Leap Forward
a Chinese communist program from 1958 to 1960 to boost farm and industrial output that failed miserably
a Chinese communist in the late 1960s to purge China of non-revolutionary tendencies that caused economic and social damage
an imaginary line marking 38 degrees of latitude, particularly the line across the Korean Peninsula, dividing Soviet forces to the north and American forces to the south after WWII
Kim Il Sung (1912-1994)
led the democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea) from 1949 until his death in 1994. Supported by the Soviet Union during the Cold War, Kim establish state Totalitarian state with massive military budgets and virtually no political freedoms. In 1993, he declared that North Korea would withdraw from the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty.
Syngman Rhee (1875-1965)
Was president of the Republic of Korea (South Korea) from its founding in 1949 until 1960. He was elected to four terms of office, but accusations of the election fraud from the National Assembly and the US government. He resigned and went into exile in Hawaii.
a defensive line around the city of Pusan, in the southeast corner of Korea, held by South Korea and United Nations forces in 1950 during the Korean War; marks the farthest advance of North Korean forces
a thin band of territory across the Korean Peninsula separating North Korean forces from South Korean forces; established by the armistice of 1953
a soldier in a loosely organized force making surprise raids
Ho Chi Minh (1890-1969)
was born Nguyen That Thanhand. He founded the Indochinese communist party and was the leader of the armed independence movement in Vietnam. Ho proclaimed Vietnam's independence in 1945 and became the leader of North Vietnam when the country was divided in 1954. He was the leader of North Vietnam until his death in 1969, and refused to negotiate an end to the war
Dien Bien Phu
small town and former French army base in northern Vietnam site of the battle that ended in the Vietnamese victory, the French withdrawl from Vietnam and the securing of North Vietnam's independence
The belief that a communist victory in South Vietnam would cause non-Communist governments across Southeast Asia to fall to communism, like a row of dominoes
Communist rebels in south Vietnam. To overthrow South Vietnam government, received assistance from North Vietnam
A massive and bloody offensive by communist guerrillas against South Vietnam and America's forces on Tet, the Vietnamese New Year, 1968; helped turn American public opinion against military involvement in Vietnam
A political movement and a force of Cambodian communist guerrillas that gained power in Cambodia in 1975
Pol Pot (1925-1998)
was the leader of Khmer Rouge, a communist guerrilla army that took over Cambodia in 1975. Under his rule, roughly 2,000,000 of his nation's people died from murder, starvation, and disease. 1979, Pol Pot was driven from power. He was Captured in 1987, tried and sentenced to life in imprisonment. He died of natural causes while under house arrest.
Muslim religious warriors
Mikhail Gorbachev (b.1931)
was The leader of the Soviet Union from 1985 to 1991. He was responsible for introducing the reforms glasnost and perestroika that brought about the break up of the Soviet Union and the end of Soviet domination of eastern Europe. He was driven from office by his popular rival, democratic advocate Boris Yeltsin in 1991
"openness" in Russian; oh Soviet policy of greater freedom of expression introduced by Mikhail Gorbachev in the late 1980s
a Soviet policy of democratic and free-market reforms introduced by Mikal Gorbachev in late 1980s
a Polish labor union and democracy movement
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