Terms in this set (37)
The two major jet streams that impact weather in the northern hemisphere are the:
polar jet stream and the subtropical jet stream.
Santa Ana winds are usually welcomed by home owners in Southern California.
Meridional flow is characterized by flow that is ________; while zonal flow is characterized by flow that is ________.
El Niño events are characterized by:
pooling of unusually warm water in the eastern tropical Pacific.
The prevailing winds that blow from the subtropical highs located around 30 degrees latitude toward the doldrums are called:
During the summer season, the subtropical high found in the North Atlantic is also called the:
the subtropic high
often causes dry, desert-like conditions.
This is NOT a part of the Hadley cell:
Chinook and Foehn winds are warm because:
they are warmed adiabatically as they sink downslope.
The doldrums are associated with what latitude(s)?
Summertime wildfires in California are fanned by:
the santa ana winds
The Native American term chinook means:
receives a lot of rain.
The horse latitudes were associated with the:
Monsoons are most dramatic on this continent:
Which of the following associations is NOT correct?
land breeze — blows from the sea onto the land
A Chinook or Foehn wind is a:
very dry, warm wind coming down a mountain slope.
The Sahara and Australian deserts (among others) are associated with which pressure belt?
The definition of the word monsoon means:
season wind reversal
The process that brings cold, nutrient-rich water to the surface along the coasts of Peru and Ecuador is called:
The subpolar low (polar front) is:
a zone where the polar easterlies and the westerlies converge.
flow downslope and warm by compression.
Most of the United States is situated in which zone of prevailing winds?
The Hadley cell:
originates with strong solar heating at the equator.
Winds are usually named for:
the direction or place from which they are blowing.
The Ferrel Cell is associated with the:
A La Niña tends to encourage dry conditions in which of these areas?
The southern United States
The source of moisture for the Asian monsoon is:
The Indian Ocean
The process where cold ocean waters are circulated to the surface is called:
The term "Hadley cell" applies to:
0 degrees to 30 degrees latitude.
The Asian monsoon results when large quantities of warm, moist, unstable air flow northward from the Indian Ocean toward the Himalayas.
Chinooks flow westward from the Rocky Mountains.
The term "Ferrel cell" applies to:
30 degrees to 60 degrees latitude.
The Santa Ana winds
result from high pressure over the Rocky Mountains.
The prevailing winds that tend to influence cities such as Chicago and New York City are
The region where the northeast trades meet the southeast trades is known as the:
Large scale wind circulation systems that reverse with the seasons are called: