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APUSH review period 9
Terms in this set (44)
founded by Jerry Falwell, it was a coalition of very conservative, evangelical Christians known as the religious right.
Supply-side economics (reaganomics)
The economic theory of "Reaganomics" that emphasized cutting taxes and government spending in order to stimulate investment, productivity, and economic growth by private enterprise
Sandra Day O'Connor
The first woman to be in the Supreme Court. Appointed by Ronald Regan, she was an Associate Justice from 1981 until 2006
Strategic Defense Initiative (star wars)
Popularly known as "Star Wars," President Reagan's SDI proposed the construction of an elaborate computer-controlled, anti-missile defense system capable of destroying enemy missiles in outer spaced. Critics claimed that SDI could never be perfected.
A political scandal in the United States which came to light in November 1986, during the Reagan administration, in which senior US figures agreed to facilitate the sale of arms to Iran, the subject of an arms embargo, to secure the release of hostages and to fund Nicaraguan contras.
goal of a political and paramilitary organization regarded by the Arab league since October 1974 as the "sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people."
Head of the Soviet Union from 1985 to 1991. His liberalization effort improved relations with the West, but he lost power after his reforms led to the collapse of Communist governments in eastern Europe
A policy that called for increased openness and transparency in government institutions and activities in the Soviet Union.
a policy initiated by Mikhail Gorbachev that involved restructuring of the social and economic status quo in communist Russia towards a market based economy and society
Tiananmen Square (1989)
It was an incident That involved the suppression of Chinese democrats by the PLA. It was condemned by western nations including the U.S.
Poland, lech Walesa
President of Poland in 1990, he won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1983. He formed the first independent trade union in Poland, called Solidarity, and eventually brought down the Communist government and instituted democratic government. Credited with initiating the end of Communist domination in Eastern Europe.
Berlin Wall falls (1989)
The fall of the wall marked an end to Soviet influence in the country and allowed for Germany to become reunited.
START I and II
In 1993, Bush signed the START II accord with Yeltsin, pledging both nations to reduce their long-range nuclear arsenals by two-thirds within ten years.
Panama invasion (1989)
ordered by Bush in December 1989 to remove the autocratic General Manuel Noriega. The said purpose of the invasion was to stop Noriega from using the country as a "drug pipeline" to the US.
the leader of Iraq during the middle of the Cold War. Although initially supported by the U.S. to fight Iran, his invasion of Kuwait made him a prime enemy of America.
Persian Gulf War
Started when Hussein invaded the oil-rich but weak Kuwait and threatened Western oil sources in Saudi Arabia and the Persian Gulf. The UN joined together to put an embargo on Iraq, but it had little effect.
Operation Desert Storm
Code name for the Gulf War for operations leading to the buildup of troops and defense of Saudi Arabia (1990)
Americans with disabilities Act (1990)
prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities in employment, transportation, public accommodation, communications, and governmental activities. The ADA also establishes requirements for telecommunications relay services.
"Dont ask, dont tell"
the policy of the military prohibiting gay and lesbian people from serving openly in the military
an Act of the United States Congress that instituted federal background checks on firearm purchasers in the United States.
National Rifle Association (NRA)
a n American nonprofit organization whose primary mission is "[to] protect and defend the Constitution of the United States...", especially the right to keep and bear arms.
an American politician, historian, author and political consultant. He represented Georgia's 6th congressional district as a Republican . wrote contract with america
Contract with America
a document released by the United States Republican Party during the 1994 Congressional election campaign. Written by Newt Gingrich and Richard Armey, and in part using text from former President Ronald Reagan's 1985 State of the Union Address, the Contract detailed the actions the Republicans promised to take if they became the majority party in the United States House of Representatives for the first time in 40 years.
Oklahoma city bombing
a domestic terrorist bomb attack on the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in downtown Oklahoma City on April 19, 1995. Carried out by Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols, the bombing killed 168 people and injured more than 680 others. The blast destroyed or damaged 324 buildings within a 16-block radius, destroyed or burned 86 cars, and shattered glass in 258 nearby buildings,causing at least an estimated $652 million worth of damage
was impeached by the House of Representatives on two charges, one of perjury and one of obstruction of justice, on December 19, 1998. Two other impeachment articles, a second perjury charge and a charge of abuse of power, failed in the House. He was acquitted of both charges by the Senate on February 12, 1999.
Balkan wars; bosnia, kosovo
The Yugoslav Wars were ethnic conflicts fought from 1991 to 2001 inside the territory of the former Yugoslavia. These wars accompanied and/or facilitated the breakup of the country
European union (EU)
a politico-economic union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe. The EU operates through a system of supranational institutions and intergovernmental-negotiated decisions by the member states
Bush v. Gore
is the United States Supreme Court decision that resolved the dispute surrounding the 2000 presidential election. Three days earlier, the Court had preliminarily halted the Florida recount that was occurring. Bush won the electoral votes while Gore had the popular votes
Enron, corporate corruption
An energy -trading company based in Houston that had claimed to be the seventh-largest company in America and the worlds largest energy merchant. In December 2001 they declared bankruptcy. Arthur Anderson, the Enron accountant came under intense public and legal scrutiny for failing to give reliable accounts of the corporate finances he was supposed to monitor.
the eleventh named storm and fifth hurricane of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season. It was the costliest natural disaster, as well as one of the five deadliest hurricanes, in the history of the United States.
the 17th and current Chief Justice of the United States. He took his seat on September 29, 2005, having been nominated by President George W. Bush after the death of Chief Justice William Rehnquist.
shadowy terrorist network that organized 9/11 and was associated with earlier attacks on American embassies in East Africa and on the USS Cole in Yemen
four planes used as missiles; took down the symbol of US financial power, the World Trade Center Towers; the deadliest attack on US soil; it leads to far reaching changes in American life
developed in November 2002, incorporated parts of eight cabinets and 22 agencies to coordinate intelligence and defense against terrorism
One of the pretexts for the attack on Iraq; Saddam Hussein had refused to cooperate with UN weapons inspections, a condition of the Iraq's defeat in the Gulf War; although UN inspectors were unable to find evidence of their existence, the US and their British allies launched an invasion of Iraq in 2003, leading to the fall of Baghdad and the end of Saddam's rule.
Saddam agreed to UN inspections, which found no WMDs
Abu Gharib prison
prison in Baghdad, photographs of American guards torturing and abusing suspected insurgents here caused outrage and proof for Muslims of American treachery
Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac
reassured investors who were worried about homeowners defaulting on mortgages by selling bonds to investors and using the funds to purchase mortgages from banks
-first African-American president
-US begins withdrawal from Iraq
-NASA shuttle program shut down
Affordable Care Act
An expansion of Medicaid, most of employers must provide health insurance, have insurance or face surtax, prevents rejection based on pre-existing condition. Also referred to as "Obamacare", signed into law in 2010
represents grassroot discontent with big government using hyperbolic language such as "tyranny", "fascism" and "communism". Heavily a media creation (Fox News)
Boston marathon bombing
attack in Boston for the marathon in 2013 that injured hundreds of runners and killed 3
series of protests across Middle East and North Africa in 2010
Associate Justice of Supreme Court, nominated by Obama