American History Chapters 13-15, Unit 4b
Terms in this set (35)
the right to vote
17th President of the United States
Lincoln's reconstruction plan for after the Civil War. Written in 1863, it proclaimed that a state could be reintegrated into the Union when 10% of its voters in the 1860 election pledged their allegiance to the U.S. and pledged to abide by emancipation, and then formally erect their state governments. This plan was very lenient to the South, would have meant an easy reconstruction.
rebuilding of the South after the Civil War
Lincoln's second Inaugural speech
Reunite the nation, reconstruct the nation, achieve lasting peace
Political party that favored harsh punishment of Southern states after civil war
an 1864 plan for Reconstruction that denied the right to vote or hold office for anyone who had fought for the Confederacy...Lincoln refused to sign this bill thinking it was too harsh.
Edwin Stanton/Tenure of Office Act
The conflict between Johnson and the Radical Republicans when Johnson attempted to remove Stanton from office? His action was said to be a violation from what law
Charges against a president approved by a majority of the House of Representatives
1) Citizenship for African Americans, 2) Repeal of 3/5 Compromise, 3) Denial of former confederate officials from holding national or state office, 4) Repudiate (reject) confederate debts
gave African American men the right to vote
military reconstruction act
It divided the South into five military districts that were commanded by Union generals. It was passed in 1867. and set up a system of Martial Law
provided: food, clothing, jobs, medical care, schools for former slaves and the poor whites
Laws denying most legal rights to newly freed slaves; passed by southern states following the Civil War
northern whites who moved to the south and served as republican leaders during reconstruction
Southern whites who supported Republican policy through reconstruction
Denial of the right to vote
Ku Klux Klan
secret white society, founded in the 1860s in the south; meant to control newly freed slaves through threats and violence; other targets: Catholics, Jews, immigrants and others thought to be un-American
A system used on southern farms after the Civil War in which farmers worked land owned by someone else in return for a small portion of the crops.
white Democrats who used their political power to oppress the Black community
A Radical Republican who believed in harsh punishments for the South. Leader of the Radical Republicans in Congress.
Radical Republican against the slave power who insults Andrew Butler and subsequently gets caned by Preston Brooks
Union general who headed the Freedmen's Bureau
Grants way of dealing with the presidency, which disillusioned many Northern Republicans, included his continuing support of Radical Reconstruction policies, and the corruption within the Grant administration itself.
Credit Mobilier Scandal
This scandal occurred in the 1870s when a railroad construction company's stockholders used funds that were supposed to be used to build the Union Pacific Railroad for railroad construction for their own personal use. stockholders even used stock to bribe congressional members and the vice president.
During the Grant administration, a group of officials were importing whiskey and using their offices to avoid paying the taxes on it, cheating the treasury out of millions of dollars.
Political machine in New York City, headed by Boss Tweed. Democrat power machine
first African American senator
In 1872, Republican reformers, alarmed by the corruption and scandals in the Grant administration, organized this branch of the Republican Party
Panic of 1873
(USG) , Four year economic depression caused by overspeculation on railroads and western lands, and worsened by Grant's poor fiscal response (refusing to coin silver
Name for Union paper money not backed by gold or silver. Value would fluctuate depending on status of the war (plural)
Rutherford B. Hayes
19th president of the united states, was famous for being part of the Hayes-Tilden election in which electoral votes were contested in 4 states, most corrupt election in US history
Compromise of 1877
Ended Reconstruction. Republicans promise 1) Remove military from South, 2. elect Hayes President), 3) Federal money for railroad construction and levees on Mississippi river
historically, the South voted solidly Democratic. However, the South is now strongly Republican: Bush carried every Southern state in 2000.