1. The Creed
Terms in this set (58)
Often translated as "the Lord" and pronounced as "Yahweh," the personal name with which the covenant people were invited to address God starting in Exodus 3.
: literally, "the ﬁrst words" on a subject, referring to how theology will proceed from faith toward understanding.
personal knowledge of God's promised benevolence: personal, interacting with God as Creator and Redeemer; knowledge, revealing who God is and how humans should live.
a Hebrew word that signiﬁes peaceful ﬂourishing, the ultimate end of Christian worship, thought, and practice.
God's self- disclosure, especially associated with speech and therefore having both personal and propositional dimensions.
the conceptual integration of divine revelation with the rest of God's activity: God's speech actively establishes covenant relationship, while God's communion- establishing actions are communicative.
the possession of inherent limits that render human beings incapable of knowing the Inﬁnite God on their own, yet graciously free for interaction in various relational realms.
God's self- disclosure in the gracious activity of creating and providentially sustaining the cosmos.
God's self- disclosure by means of the Spirit's ministry of the Word (through prophets and apostles, yet ultimately in Jesus Christ) to particular people at particular times, addressing our need to know God as Redeemer, not just Creator.
conceptually developed knowledge of God that seeks to progress by means of general revelation; insuﬃcient for salvation, but possibly preparing someone to seek salvation.
articulated by John Calvin, the idea of a seed of divinity—a religious sensibility— planted in the heart that should grow into faith yet is deadened by fallen human nature.
devotion to something sacred beyond oneself, typically involving shared rituals of some kind.
a truth claim (which can be either true or false), often referring to cognitive content from divine revelation.
defense of the Christian faith, often by disarming conceptual attacks or invalidating alternative viewpoints.
opportunity for purposeful action in response to authoritative grounds that make our actions intelligible.
regula ﬁdei / Rule of Faith
an authoritative guide to Scripture's uniﬁed revelation, shaped by early church practice and precedent- setting until the development of dogma; a summary of the overall "scope" of the Bible's story, identifying the Creator God of Israel with the Redeemer God revealed in Jesus Christ.
a collection of books focused on the interaction of intertestamental "Judaism" with its pagan environment; included in the canon of Scripture by Catholic and Orthodox Christians but not by Protestants.
the teaching oﬃce of the Roman Catholic Church, particularly the church's bishops and ultimately the pope.
the Catholic dogma, oﬃcially adopted at Vatican I, that the pope cannot err when speaking ex cathedra, from his authoritative chair on behalf of the church, regarding matters of faith or practice.
a cornerstone of Protestantism, the belief that the Bible is the inspired, thereby canonically written and infallible record and channel of revelation so that it is the supreme authority for theology.
a label applied (often by conservatives) to a supposed family of thinkers, including Karl Barth, Dietrich Bonhoeﬀer, Emil Brunner, Rudolf Bultmann, Reinhold Niebuhr, and Paul Tillich; despite Barth's rejection of the label and their substantial diﬀerences, the label suggested that they sought to retain aspects of traditional orthodoxy in a new, modern way
the study of human understanding.
the study of knowledge.
one of ﬁve key slogans from developed Protestant theology, "Scripture alone," emphasizing the Bible as the sole ﬁnal arbiter of truth claims, the norming norm whose basic message— the gospel— is suﬃciently clear that "Scripture interprets Scripture" and provides wisdom unto salvation with the "due use of ordinary means." solo verbo: one of ﬁve key slogans from developed Protestant theology, "the Word alone," often paired with sola scriptura, emphasizing the proclamation of the Bible as the fundamental source for encountering the revelation of God's grace in Jesus Christ.
sacred writings; regarding the Christian Bible, the verbal witness of prophets and apostles concerning God's ultimate speech in Jesus Christ (Heb.1:1-4; 4:12-13).
analogia ﬁdei / analogy of faith
the practice of relating diﬃcult biblical texts to clearer ones and to the canonical message as a whole, trusting that God is the ultimate source of all Scripture.
broadly, all Christian witness, verbal and nonverbal, faithful and false; somewhat more speciﬁcally, as the second theological "source" in the Wesleyan quadrilateral, the communal handing on of authentic Christian faith over time— and thus, for many Protestants, a "ministerial" guide or secondary norm (not a "magisterial" norm) for biblical interpretation.
confessions of faith
similar to but more comprehensive than ecumenical creeds, documents that express the foundational beliefs of particular Protestant churches.
an expression of a particular tradition's beliefs arranged in a question- and- answer format.
the basic, church- identifying dogma that the true God is Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, deﬁnitively revealed in the incarnation of Jesus Christ as the God- man.
the opposite of orthodoxy; the decisive rejection of basic, church- identifying dogma.
the framework, attributed to John Wesley, that highlights Scripture, tradition, reason, and experience as key "sources" of Christian theology.
a God- given cognitive and linguistic faculty by which we communicate and seek coherent understanding; the third theological "source" in the Wesleyan quadrilateral.
the human encounter with raw sense perceptions, emotions, and thoughts, often deeply embedded with culture, language, and memory; the fourth theological "source" in the Wesleyan quadrilateral.
the expression(s) of meaning, both the seeds and the harvest of human freedom.
faith seeking understanding; in other words, the disciplined pursuit of Christian wisdom, the most germane biblical concept for knowledge of God.
the most germane biblical concept for the knowledge of God, and thus the goal of Christian theology— whole- personed, communally learned knowledge of God that is integrated with loving others and living well.
strictly speaking of God's character, distinct from the economy of divine activity that discloses God's character in the world.
God's well- planned administration of the world, like a beloved household, for the sake of divine self- revelation and creaturely reconciliation in Christ.
communicative action— whatever believers in Christ say or do with reference to God, whether good or bad.
a culminating discipline (roughly equivalent to constructive or dogmatic theology) that emphasizes intellectual coherence in studying how the church may bear enduring, timely, and biblically truthful witness to the Triune God revealed in Jesus Christ.
an approach to theology that emphasizes creativity and cultural relevance.
an approach to theology that emphasizes the church's "Great Tradition" or a particular confessional tradition.
authoritative church teaching.
thinking of what is diﬃcult to name by bringing to mind features of more familiar terms.
a habitual, somewhat language- independent, means of relating words to objects or ideas.
a smaller- scale representation with which humans teach and learn aspects of revealed truth.
a claim about reality; frequently, in the case of sin, a divine verdict of deserving punishment.
in theology, a network of concepts and models that convey judgments about both particular truths and special emphases.
the discipline of understanding "the way the words run," the meaning of the literal sense in Scripture texts.
a subdiscipline of theology that pursues historical and literary understanding of how Scripture's parts relate to its overall teaching.
a subdiscipline of theology that studies the Christian tradition with interest in doctrinal formulation.
a subdiscipline of theology (roughly synonymous with pastoral theology) that brings experience of Christian living and church ministry to bear on doctrinal concepts.
a subdiscipline of theology that incorporates conceptual tools and engages questions from philosophy.
a community's context and goals that orient particular questions to which people of faith are responding.
the way in which Christian practices, directly and indirectly, enact a drama— learning and speaking of God in response to mighty acts of salvation.
a time period characterized by a broad intellectual movement, emerging fully in the nineteenth century, that sought to overcome limitations of tradition and authority with appeal to reason— thus challenging Christianity with skepticism inﬂuenced by biblical criticism, evolutionary theory, and a scientiﬁc understanding of nature.
a complex term frequently meaning "Northern" in contrast to the "Majority World" and the "Global South" Christianity rapidly growing today; often associated with Christian thought shaped by Greco- Roman categories, particularly the Latin tradition downstream from Augustine.
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THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
2. The Ten Commandments
3. The Lord's Prayer
4. The Triune Name of God