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Criminal Justice 101 Final Examination Prep
Terms in this set (60)
Connie was placed under arrest for possession of a controlled dangerous substance (Drugs). Since she is under arrest the officer may question her about her crime without providing her Miranda Warnings.
The tactics used by police interviewers that fall short of physical abuse, but pressures suspects to divulge information is called:
The information gathering activity of police officers that involves direct questioning of suspects is called Interrogation.
There are four types of street encounters used in law enforcement. Which one of the following is NOT one of the four types of encounters?
Stop & Frisk
The level of suspicion that would justify an officer in making further inquiry or conducting a further investigation is known as ___________________.
Plain view is a legal term describing the ready visibility of objects that might be seized as evidence during a search by police in the absence of a search warrant.
The necessary level of belief that would allow for police seizures is called:
The act of taking an adult or juvenile into physical custody by authority of law for the purpose of charging the person with a criminal offense, a delinquent, or a status offense is known as an_____________.
Which Amendment of the constitution of the United States prohibits unreasonable Searches & Seizures?
The 4th Amendment
___________________is a legal principal that excludes from introduction at trial any evidence later developed because of an illegal search & seizure
Fruit of the Poisonous Tree
Private Protective Services employ more people than all of law enforcement combined.
_______________is the application of an amount and/or frequency of force greater than required to compel compliance from a willing or unwilling subject
Violent death at the hands of a criminal offender is a fear of most police officers. Statistically _____________are used in most police killings
According to the Knapp Commission, there are two types of Corrupt Police Officers; Grass-Eaters & Meat-Eaters
There is an enormous amount of stress in police work, however, stress in police work can be reduced by which of the following;
All the Above
An ______by a convicted defendant asks that a higher court review the actions of a lower court.
The_________________ is responsible for presenting the state's case against the defendant
______ _________ are recognized as having specialized skills and knowledge in an established profession or
This is a non-professional court room participant who is a member of a trial or grand jury who has been selected for jury duty
Judicial Review refers to the power of the court to review actions and decisions made by other agencies of government
A____ is a defendant's formal answer in court to a charge contained in a complaint, information, or indictment
________________is a set of court rules that govern the admissibility of evidence at criminal hearings & trials
Rules of Evidence
This is a plea of "No Contest" and is used when the defendant does not wish to contest conviction:
The Speedy Trial Act is a 1974 Law requiring that proceedings a defendant in a federal criminal case begin within a specified period and is guaranteed by the ____amendment of the constitution
In the jury elimination process there are three types of challenges. Which challenge gives the right to challenge a potential juror without disclosing the reason for the challenge?
This is oral testimony offered by a sworn witness on the witness stand during a criminal trial
_______________is the intentional making of a false statement as part of the testimony by a sworn witness in a judicial proceeding on a matter relevant to the case at hand
This is an appearance before a judge or magistrate during which the legality of the persons arrest is initially assessed:
The First Appearance
__________is the imposition of a criminal sanction by a judicial authority:
Just Desserts is a model of criminal sentencing that holds criminal offenders deserve the punishment they receive
This goal of criminal sentencing is the act of taking revenge upon a criminal perpetrator
Elizabeth was arrested for Wednesday for burglary. Once released on Thursday she committed another burglary. When she was released again, she committed yet another burglary. She was eventually found guilty of all three burglaries and sentenced to 5 years in jail to be served concurrently. How much time will Elizabeth serve?
Paola came home from class early and found her boyfriend having sex with her BFF. In a rage, she grabs a knife and stabs her BFF and her now former boyfriend to death. At her trial, she is found guilty and is given capital punishment. What was Paola sentenced to?
This goal of criminal sentencing uses imprisonment or other means to reduce the likelihood that the offender will commit future offenses.
The act of relapsing into a problem or criminal behavior during or after receiving sanctions is called Recidivism.
What is the most commonly used form of sentencing?
What percentage of parolees successfully complete parole?
This 1987 Supreme Court ruling allows probation officers to conduct searches of a probationer's residence without a search warrant or probable cause.
Griffin v. Wisconsin
On average, how much per day does it cost to house an inmate.
Parole is the conditional release of an offender from prison by an authority prior to the expiration of a sentence.
Modern sentencing practices are influenced by which of the following goals?
All the above
What philosophy of sentencing seeks to prevent others from committing crimes similar to the one for which an offender is being sentenced?
Restitution is a court requirement that an offender pays money or provides services to the victim of the crime or provides services to the community.
Modern sentencing practices are influenced by five goals. Which is not one of them?
Upon being convicted of robbery and burglary, Kayla is sentenced to seven years for the robbery and five years for the burglary. The sentence for burglary will be served right after the robbery sentence resulting in 12 years behind bars. This is an example of
a consecutive sentence
Probation Officers may conduct searches of their charge's houses without probable cause or a search warrant.
Level of proof necessary for an arrest
Level of proof necessary for a conviction on criminal charges
Proof Beyond a Reasonable Doubt
Proof necessary to detain someone for investigative purposes
Person responsible for presenting the state's case in court
Person responsible for representing the defendant's rights in the court
Person who ensures that proper procedures are followed in the courtroom
Person brought in to testify on an issue to which they have superior knowledge and/or training
Gives us our freedom of speech
Amendment which Miranda decision was based upon
United States Supreme Court
Highest court of the land
Court with the ability to review lower courts decisions
Traffic courts, juvenile courts, DWI courts
Courts of Limited Jurisdiction
Release from prison after a portion of the sentence was served in jail
Most common sentence imposed
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