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Honors World Studies Semester 2 Test #13 (Domsitz)
**If I am missing any information or anything is wrong just let me know**
Terms in this set (21)
One important cause of tension in Europe was the division of the continent into ____ __________ __________ ____ _____________. Those groups formed when each of the leading countries of Europe sought _________ to help it in cause of war.
2 rival groups of nations, allies
After _______________ won the ___________-______________ War in 1871, it took over the French border region of ____________-_______________.
Germany, Franco-Prussian, Alsace-Lorraine
The German Chancellor ________ _______ ________________ thought that ___________ might seek help to regain the region of Alsace-Lorraine. To block such a move, the chancellor began to __________ _______________ with other European powers.
Otto Von Bismarck, France, make alliances
The first in ____________-_______________, _________, and Germany in 1882 became known as the ___________ ________________. It provided that all members would help each other if ________ _________ ________________.
Austria-Hungary, Italy, Triple Alliance, any were attacked
Otto Von Bismarck also made a pact with __________ in 1887. This alliance was weak because ___________ and ______________-________________ were ________________ _____________. A new Kaiser ____________ _____ came to German throne in 1888. Jealous of _______ _______ ________________ power he forced this man out of office.
Russia, Russia, Austria-Hungary, potential enemies, William II, Otto Von Bismarck's
The Kaiser then turned to a more aggressive policy which was to build up the navy and sought more colonial possessions. Germany abandoned its treaty with _________ and drew closer to ___________-_____________ which it considered a more reliable ally.
The ___________ had been humiliated by their defeat in 1871 and realized ___________ by itself was no match for _______________. Fearful of _______________ growing military and industrial strength, France began to look for allies of its own. In 1894 after split between ________________ and ___________, France made an alliance with __________.
French, France, Germany, Germany's, Germany, Russia, Russia
France approached its old colonial rival, ____________. The ___________ had long avoided alliances priding themselves to be strong enough to stand alone. Yet _______________ became its rival for sea power and for colonies in __________. ____________ thus decided to cooperate with France.
Britain, British, Germany, Africa, Britain
France then tried to improve relations between its new partner and its older ally. ___________ and ___________ competed for colonies in Western Asia, but they shared a distrust of ______________.
Britain, Russia, Germany
In 1907 this mutual fear led __________ and __________ to sign an agreement. This created the ___________ ______________- an understanding among ____________, ____________, and ___________. The _______________ however regarded the ____________ _______________ as a hostile alliance that threatened _______________ from both _________ and __________.
Britain, Russia, Triple Entente, France, Britain, Russia, Germans, Triple Entente, Germany, east, west
Another cause of mounting tension in Europe was _______________ (aka ___________________) which is a policy of glorifying war and preparing the armed forces for conflict. These people urged a constant build up of ______________ and _____________.
Militarism, mobilization, weapons, troops
For some years the great powers of Europe had spent vast sums for ________________ which are weapons and military supplies. Except for ___________ which relied on its navy, they had also kept huge armies during peace time.
Ambitious nations such as _____________ and ________, late in entering the race for colonies wanted to catch up with ___________ and ___________. Colonial rivalries thus bread _____________ and ______________.
Germany, Italy, Britain, France, jealousy, mistrust
Extreme nationalism added to tensions in Europe. French nationalists were determined to regain ____________ ______________, while German nationalists hoped to extend German power and territory. Russian _______ _____________- unity of all Slavic people wanted ___________ to rule over the __________ ____ ______________ ______________.
Alsace Lorraine, Pan Slavists, Russia, Slavs of Eastern Europe
Another Slavic nationalist movement took place in __________. This place and other _______________ ___________ had gained their independence from the _______________ ____________ in 1878.
Serbia, Balkan States, Ottoman Empire
In the mountainous ______________ of southeastern Europe, small nations jostled and offended one another with ancient feuds and jealous leaders. For centuries these small nations had been dominated by _____________, ____________-_______________, and __________ and other major powers.
Balkans, Turkey, Austria-Hungary, Russia
It started in ________________, the capital of __________ which was a small province in the old patchwork empire of ____________-______________. On June 28, 1914, _________________ _____________ __________________ heir to the __________ _________________ throne and his wife were paying state visit there. Suddenly, they were shot down by a young __________ nationalist from the little neighboring kingdom of ___________. The Austro Hungarian government blamed ___________ for not preventing the crime and refused their offer to arbitrate the dispute.
Sarajevo, Bosnia, Austria-Hungary, Archduke Francis Ferdinand, Austro Hungarian, Slavic, Serbia, Serbia
On July 28 ____________-______________ declared war and bombed ________________ the _____________ capital. Instantly Europe erupted into war.
Austria-Hungary, Belgrade, Serbian
The elaborate system of alliances came into play. ___________, leader of the Slavic world, felt it must aid ___________, so it began to mobilize. This brought ______________ who was allied with Austria-Hungary onto the scene. Russia was allied with ___________. Germany had long feared it might be squeezed by an attack from both __________ and ___________ at the same time. So Germany decided to strike them first.
Russia, Serbia, Germany, France, Russia, France
On August 1, Germany declared war on __________ and 2 days later on ___________.
Why did Germany attack France first?
Because it would take Russia longer to mobilize
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