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PSYCH 320 Test 2
Terms in this set (42)
1. Which of the following is an example of appetitive conditioning? (1pt)
A) Flies being shocked in the presence of a particular odor.
B) Rats freezing in response to a tone that predicts a shock.
C) Pavlov's conditioning of salivation in dogs.
D) Eyeblink conditioning.
2. When a previously acquired association is diminished through repeated presentation of the CS in the absence of the US, it is known as: (1pt)
A) aversive conditioning
B) appetitive conditioning
3. Each time you give food to fish in an aquarium, you need to open the top of the aquarium. Eventually, the fish will swim up as soon as the top is opened. In this example, the top of the aquarium is the: (1pt) )
A) conditioned stimulus.
B) unconditioned stimulus.
C) conditioned response.
D) unconditioned response.
4. When he was little, William was terrified of hairdryers. Whenever he would walk into the hair salon, he would start crying. What is the US ?(1pt)
A) hair salon
5. When the eyeblink reflex is conditioned using a tone, what is the conditioned response? (1pt)
A) blinking in response to a puff of air
B) blinking in response to the tone
C) the puff of air
D) the tone
6. If you give repeated adrenaline injections to a dog in order to increase his heart rate, you will observe that (1pt)
A) smaller doses are needed to increase his heart rate
B) larger doses are needed to increase his heart rate
C) the dog develops extinction
D) the dog shows perceptual learning
7. You drink too much vodka mixed with cranberry juice and you end up getting sick. Now you cannot stand cranberry juice anymore. What is the CS?
B) cranberry juice
C) getting sick
D) being disgusted by cranberry juice
8. How are the CR and UR different? (1pt)
A) The CR occurs after the UR
B) The CR is a weaker response than the UR
C) The CR occurs before the UR
D) The CR is always twice as strong as the UR
9. Homeostasis refers to (1 pt)
A) a form of non-associative learning
B) a form of classical conditioning
C) the body's tendency to maintain internal stability
D) a form of addiction
10. The difference between whether an animal expects the US and whether the US actually occurs is known as:
B) a prediction error.
C) an error-correction rule.
D) latent inhibition.
11. The phenomenon of blocking demonstrates that: (1pt)
A) the US must provide predictive information.
B) the CS must provide predictive information.
C) a compound CS cannot be learned.
D) a compound US cannot be learned.
12. Which of the following is suggested by the Rescorla-Wagner model? (1pt)
A) When the CS predicts the US and the expected US occurs, the association between the CS and US is increased.
B) When the CS predicts nothing and an unexpected US occurs, no learning occurs.
C) When the CS predicts the US and the expected US does not occur, no learning occurs.
D) When the CS predicts the US and the expected US does not occur, the association between the CS and US is decreased.
13. In the Rescorla-Wagner model, if a novel CS is presented followed by an unexpected US, the prediction error: (1pt)
A) is positive.
B) is negative.
C) is zero.
D) can be either positive or negative.
14. You go to a Chinese restaurant where the male and female restrooms are indicated by both English words and Chinese signs and you have no problem knowing which door to open. One day, you go to a new Chinese restaurant where the signs are only in Chinese and you don't know which restroom you should go to. What is this phenomenon called?
A) latent inhibition
B) Trace conditioning
D) aversive conditioning
15. Some dog owners use an electric fence to keep their dog in the yard. If the dog comes too close to the fence a sound is first delivered, followed by a shock if the dog keeps going. In that example, what is the CS? (1 pt)
C) staying away
16. The professor wears a black shirt each time you get a pop quiz. Today, she has a black shirt on and it makes you nervous. What is the CS ? (1 pt)
C) black shirt
D) being nervous
17. Timmy and his parents go on a road trip every year. Every time Timmy gets car sick. When this happens, his parents stop at a McDonald's. As a result, every time Timmy smells McDonald's food, he feels sick- what is the unconditioned stimulus US?
A) the car
C) feeling sick
D) the parents
18. In order to get Pavlov's dog to experience extinction, you would (1 pt):
A) give the dog a little extra food on each trial.
B) play the tone more loudly on each trial.
C) present the food repeatedly without playing the tone.
D) play the tone repeatedly without any food.
Soon after hearing her favorite song on the radio, Jennifer had a terrible fight with her best friend. Now Jennifer's favorite song causes her to feel unhappy. Is this example, the CS is (1 pt):
A. the song
B. The fight
C. The friend
D. Feeling unhappy
20. The _________ prepares the organism for the expected __________ (1pt)
A) unconditioned response; conditioned stimulus
B) conditioned response; unconditioned stimulus
C) unconditioned stimulus; unconditioned response
D) conditioned response; conditioned stimulus
21. A child once got stung by a jellyfish in the ocean. Now he is afraid to swim into the ocean. What is the US ?
A) feeling pain
B) being afraid
C) the ocean
D) the jellyfish/sting
22. My friend always sprays himself with Cologne. Now, whenever I smell this Cologne I think of him. What is the CR?
A) Thinking about my friend
C) My friend
D) Being with my friend
23. Getting up for 9 am classes is really difficult. However, I have noticed a very cute person is this class and now I feel happy to go in class, even in her/his absence. What is the US?
A) cute person
B) the 9 am class
C) Feeling happy
D) Getting up
24. My dog runs to the door as soon as he hears the sound of my car. In this example, what is the CS?
A) the dog
C) Running to door
D) The sound of car
25. John hates waking up in the morning. He sets up his alarm to play his favorite song. Now, every time he hears this song, it makes him feel grumpy. What is the US?
A) the alarm
B) the song
C) feeling grumpy
D) being woken up
26. You are walking down an alley on the way to your house after work and there is a tall man standing at the corner. When you walk by him, he tried to steal your purse! Now, whenever you walk home and you see a man, you hold your purse tighter. What is the UR ?
A) being afraid
B) the man
C) holding purse tighter
D) the attempt to steal/robber
27. You love the ocean, as you always have a good time at the beach and it is the only time your family gets together. At the Yankee Candle store, the Ocean Smell Candle makes you smile. What is the CR?
B) the candle
C) the ocean
D) being with family/having fun
28. You break-up with your partner at this particular Vietnamese restaurant. Now whenever you pass that restaurant, you cry. What is the US ?
A) break up
29. A little boy was climbing a treehouse when he got stung by a bee. Now he does not like treehouses anymore. What is the CR?
A) the bee sting
D) not liking treehouses
30. A dog gets injections from the veterinarian, and eventually shakes uncontrollably as soon as a veterinarian walks into the room. What is the conditioned response (CR)? (1pt)
B) shaking when the veterinarian comes in
C) the veterinarian
D) the shot
31. Your cat never comes when you call him. However, he comes running if he hears you shaking a can of food. In that example, what is the CR? (1 pt)
A) sound of can food
C) coming when hearing sound
D) coming when being called
Lightning is usually followed by thunder. Eventually we can be startled just by the lightning alone. What is the US? (1 pt)
A. being startled by thunder
C. being startled by lightning
33. A child is given a soft blanket to hold before he goes to the dentist. He has to get fillings everytime he goes. Now he cries whenever he sees the soft blanket- What is the US? (1 pt)
A) getting fillings
C) soft blanket
34. Todd buys a new outfit. The first time he wears it, he receives a lot of compliments on it and feels good. From then on, whenever he wears the outfit, he feels confident. Identify the CS (1 pt)
A) feeling good
C) feeling confident
35. You make a taco dish with a lot of peppers in it. The chicken is not cooked through and you get food poisoning. Since that day, you cannot eat peppers anymore. In this example, the peppers are (1 pt)
A) the US
B) the UR
C) the CS
D) the CR
36. As soon as you sit on the dentist's chair, you start sweating profusely. In this example the chair is _______________ and sweating is ____________________(1 pt)
A) ...............the US.......................the UR
B) ...............the CS.......................the CR
C) ...............the US.......................the CS
D) ...............the CS.......................the UR
37. Your partner wears a very distinctive perfume. Now, everytime you encounter this perfume on another person, you feel good about that person. What is the conditioned stimulus (CS)? (1 pt)
B) attraction to person
D) other person
38. The results of Garcia & Koelling's taste aversion studies demonstrate that animals (1pt)
A) cannot learn to associate tones with feeling sick.
B) can learn most associations equally easily.
C) cannot learn to associate food with shock.
D) can learn some associations more readily than others.
39. According to the phenomenon of conditioned compensatory response, drug addicts develop a tolerance to their drug because:
A) the drug elicits a UR that becomes weaker over time
B) environmental cues elicit a CR that counteract the effects of the drug
40. In the Bower and Trabasso study of blocking in humans, participants were trained to categorize stimuli based on shape. Blocking was demonstrated when participants could
A) not learn to categorize the stimuli based on shape
B) not use a redundant cue to categorize new stimuli
C) easy learn new figures without any cue
D) use the redundant cue to categorize new stimuli
41. Suppose a child grows up hearing his parents making derogatory comments about a specific group of people, and eventually the child comes to have negative feelings about this group. What is the conditioned stimulus?
A) negative feelings
B) derogatory comments
C) specific group of people
D) feeling bad
42. Invertebrates can not learn via classical conditioning
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