Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Terms in this set (47)
1882 Chinese Exclusion Act
- Prohibited immigration of Chinese Laborers for a period of 10 years (renewed 2X before made permanent)
- kept Chinese immigrants from naturalized citizenship
White Australia Policy 1901
- Immigration laws that restricted non-white immigration to Australia in 1901 to 1973
- prohibited entry of "undesirable, insane; idiot" persons
- dictation tests
Naturalization Act of 1790
- "Any alien being a free white person"
- also required an Oath to support the Constitution
Naturalization Act of 1870
Naturalization for white persons and aliens of African Nativity and African Descent
Brader et al Reading. What where the findings?
-opposition to immigration triggered by elite cues
- Jose and Nikolai
Hopkins et al. What were the findings?
- People tend to overestimate immigration levels
- adequate information does not make a difference (has no effect)
Laws of Migration (Ravenstein)
poor people migrate to richer countries
% of world's population that are international migrants
- estimated of 243.2 Million people are international's migrants
- 68.5 Million are forcibly displaced (majority are internally displaced)
- 25 Million are refugees
- 3.3% of world's total population
National origins quota system
Immigration Restriction League
- Founded 1894; sought to exclude "undesirable" immigrants via a literacy test and supported race-based immigration restrictions
- response to increased anxiety about immigration
- immigration for those who have no intent to change their residence
- their only purpose is to take advantage of wages in U.S.
- "Criminals/persons of criminal tendencies & unskilled laborers
Immigration and Act of 1917
- "Idiots, imbeciles" not allowed into country
- Asiatic barred zone
- Literacy test allowed in language the person desires
Immigration and Act of 1921
- National origins quotas
- Number of aliens of any nationality limited to 3%
- exceptions made for Professional actors, artists, lecturers, singers, nurses.."
Immigration and Act of 1924
- National origins quotas continued
- quota is 2% of the number of foreign born individuals...
- refers to similar initial conditions that give rise to different effects
- refers to similar effects can be caused by different initial conditions
3 criteria for evaluating causality
- Temporally separated
- Independently existing
- counterfactual condition
Immigration and Naturalization Act of 1965
- Ends era of national origins exclusion (Also known as Hart-Cellar Act)
- No discrimination when it came to race, sex, nationality, place of birth on issuance of Visa (Hart Cellar Act)
Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) 1986
2. Employer Sanctions
--> prohibited employers from hiring undocumented immigrants
Immigration Act 1990
Increased annual immigration visas to 675,000 p. year
- 480,000 family-based
- 140,000 employment-based
- 55,000 for diversity immigrants
- citizens over the age of 21 were exempt from numerical restrictions
What is a Refugee?
individual with well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religious, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion
Geneva Convention on Status of Refugees 1951
- Gave the definition of a refugee
- identifying the most vulnerable among an already vulnerable group
How do refugee resettlements work internationally? What is the Role of the UNHCR?
Person is eligible for resettlement if the person is identified by the UNHCR as a refugee, resettlement is appropriate solution, and the person is in one of the 8 categories
How do resettlements work in the U.S.? What is the significance of the Refugee Act of 1980?
- 1980 Refugee Act provides up to 50,000 annual refugee admissions & authorizes the president to exceed that number after consultation and if for humanitarian purposes
1. in the national interest
2. Vetting (be recognized b the UNHCR, background checks
What is an asylum seeker? According to 8 USC 1158
Physically present in the US no matter how you got here, you can apply for asylum
How does asylum work in the U.S.?
Regardless of how you arrive in the U.S. if you are here you can apply for asylum
8 USC 1158
- any alien who is physically present in the U.S. may apply for asylum
Immigration and Naturalization Act of 1952(McCarran Walter Act)
- Expanded Border patrol powers: they are able to arrest, detain, and ultimately deport persons attempting to enter U.S. without authorization
- board and search any vessel
- search a person if there is a "Reasonable cause to suspect.."
100-mile border zone
100 miles of any external border of the U.S.
Who were the targets of Border Patrol in early 20th Century?
- Apprehended bootleggers along U.S.- Canadian border
What is the logic behind prevention-through deterrence?
if the risks of being caught are high enough in a certain area, the number of entry attempts in that area will decrease
What is the effectiveness of prevention through deterrence?
Border Patrol acknowledges they will never have 100% apprehension.
- more of displacement than deterrence bc people will simply move to less heavily fortified border areas
- increased border patrol also makes an incentive for coyotes (make success more likely)
effort to deter unauthorized entry into the U.S. along southern border
- logic, if the risk of being caught is high enough in a certain area, the number of people attempting to cross will decrease
What is the logic of non-contiguous fencing along the souther border?
- Has to accommodate to the terrain, some places are easier to cross/others are harder, there are landowners that are also in between that whole thing
14th Amendment (1868)
Citizenship to "all persons born or naturalized in the United States
dual labor market theory
1. Structural Inflation
2. Motivational Problems
3. Economic Dualism
4. Demography of Labor Supply
- Wages correspond to hierarchies of prestige and social status
arise at the bottom of the job hierarchy because there are few avenues for upward mobility
Low-skilled jobs are unstable and characterized by high turnover
Demography of Labor Supply
slow population growth creates demand low-skilled labor
The cause comes before the effect
- the cause leads to the effect but the effect does not lead back to the cause
- If X causes Y then in the absence of X we should see the absence of Y
Hart Cellar Act
- Replaced National origins quota system with a preference system based on family relationship (Familia's-based visas, and skills/employment-based visas)
Texas growers lobbied to have employment excluded from the 1952 McCarran-Walter Act
8 UNHCR Protection Categories
1. Legal and or physical needs (LPN)
2. Lack of foreseeable alternative durable solutions (LAS)
3. Survivors of violence and/or torture (SVT)
4. Women and girls at risk (AWR)
5. Medical needs (MED)
6. Family reunification (FAM)
7. Children and adolescents at risk (CHL)
8. Older refugees (OLD)
Sets with similar terms
race final chapter 13
History Final - Hong
Changing Immigration Law
Other sets by this creator
POLI 150A: Final
Other Quizlet sets
Cultural Studies outside UK
fighters and platforms
RNRS 116- Quality Improvement & Exemplars (Pearson)