Rise of the Dictators
Terms in this set (28)
The community as a whole would all be equal with no social classes, sharing in the fruits of labor. However, in order for this to work, the government owns all property and dominates all aspects of life in a country.
A ruler with total power over a country, typically one who has obtained power by force
government controls land and capital are owned by society collectively rather than individuals.
a police force that operates in secrecy (usually against persons suspected of treason or sedition)
Control of what people read or write or see or hear; efforts to prohibit free expression of ideas.
A position of not taking sides in a conflict
German acronym for the German Secret State Police, part of the SS notorious for terrorism against enemies of the state.
"My Struggle"-a book written by Adolf Hitler during his imprisonment in 1923-1924, in which he set forth his beliefs and his goals for Germany
Hitler's expansionist theory based on a drive to acquire "living space" for the German people. This was intended to give Germany new agricultural areas to feed their population and to prevent being starved by a blockade as in the First World War.
Area of Germany where the German Army was forbidden to occupy under the terms of the Versailles Treaty. In 1936, Hitler sent German troops into the area, violating the treaty, and the allied powers did nothing in response.
Bolshevik revolutionary, head of the Soviet Communist Party after 1924, and dictator of the Soviet Union from 1928-1953. He led the Soviet Union with an iron fist, using Five-Year Plans to increase industrial production and terror to crush all opposition.
Plans that Joseph Stalin introduced to industrialize the Soviet Union rapidly, beginning in 1928. They set goals for the output of steel, electricity, machinery, and most other products and were enforced by the police powers of the state.
The northeastern sector of Asia or the Eastern half of Russia.
Political prisoners in the Soviet Union were sent to
Government ruled by a single party and/or person that exerts unlimited control over its citizen's lives.
A governmental system led by a dictator having complete power, forcibly suppressing opposition and criticism, regimenting all industry, commerce, etc., and emphasizing an aggressive nationalism and often racism.
(1883-1945) Italian leader. He founded the Italian Fascist Party, and sided with Hitler and Germany in World War II. In 1945 he was overthrown and assassinated by the Italian Resistance.
A private army under Mussolini who destroyed socialist newspapers, union halls, and Socialist party headquarters, eventually pushing Socialists out of the city governments of Northern Italy.
The new German republic the in 1921 owed 33 billion annually to the allied reparations commission. In order to recover from its severe economic issues the annual fees were reduced each year depending on the level of German economic prosperity and Germany received large loans each year from the United States.
Austrian-born founder of the German Nazi Party and chancellor of the Third Reich (1933-1945). His fascist philosophy, embodied in Mein Kampf (1925-1927), attracted widespread support, and after 1934 he ruled as an absolute dictator. Hitler's pursuit of aggressive nationalist policies resulted in the invasion of Poland (1939) and the subsequent outbreak of World War II. His regime was infamous for the extermination of millions of people, especially European Jews. He committed suicide when the collapse of the Third Reich was imminent (1945).
Adolf Hitler used fascism to create this type of government based on totalitarian ideas and was used to unite Germany during the 1930s.
The laws excluded German Jews from Reich citizenship and prohibited them from marrying or having sexual relations with persons of "German or related blood."
A 1933 Weimar Constitution amendment that gave Chancellor Adolf Hitler - the power to enact laws without the involvement of the Reichstag.
The German parliament
New Economic Policy (NEP)
Lenin's 1921 policy to re-establish limited economic freedom in an attempt to rebuild agriculture and industry in the face of economic disintegration. He allowed peasants to sell their produce openly and the privatization of small industries.
Joseph Stalin's policy of exiling or killing millions of his opponents in the Soviet Union.
Public Works Program
In the 1930s, the government sponsored public works programs to build public facilities.
hostility to or prejudice against Jews.
Czar Nicholas II
Russian Czar during WWI; unpopular with Russian people; overthrown in March 1917; executed by Bolsheviks after November Revolution (1917)