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Terms in this set (19)
authorship of Scripture
both divine and human; God's self- identiﬁcation with the words of Scripture as the "voice" who is their ultimate source, speaking in and through them.
canon of Scripture
both a list and a rule, identifying which texts share divine authorship and what their authority involves.
translation of Scripture
both a literal, linguistic process and a metaphorical, mental aspect of hearing biblical texts with understanding.
a Greek term in 2 Timothy 3:16, referring to the "God- breathed" character of Scripture.
diﬃcult to deﬁne, the church's traditional foundation for interpreting Scripture; "the way the words run."
the Jewish Scriptures, in place by the early Christian era, containing the Torah, the Prophets, and the Writings.
writings with falsely presented authorship.
the initially authored manuscripts of the Scriptures.
the process of attempting to ascertain the original wording of an ancient manuscript.
an early composite translation of the Bible in Latin, dominant in Western Christianity for over one thousand years.
the "Received Text" that stands behind the Authorized (King James) Version of 1611.
inspiration of Scripture
the divine authorship of the Scriptures; the process and/or status whereby in them we hear God speak (2 Tim. 3:16-17).
infallibility of Scripture
the view that as God's Word Scripture does not fail to accomplish the sovereign purpose(s) for which God speaks (Isa. 55:11).
inerrancy of Scripture
the view that "when all the facts become known, they will demonstrate that the Bible in its original autographs and correctly interpreted is entirely true and never false in all it aﬃrms, whether that relates to doctrine or ethics or to the social, physical, or life sciences" (P. Feinberg, "Bible, Inerrancy and Infallibility of," 125).
the view that Scripture is God's Word, but its truthfulness extends only to "matters of faith and practice" as the focus of God's speech (not necessarily historical or scientiﬁc aspects).
traditionally, God's use of human authors' language, cultural settings, and other limits to communicate understandably without compromising Scripture's truthfulness.
suﬃciency of Scripture
also called perfection; the Protestant view that in the Word, God communicates all the truth necessary for salvation and holy living.
clarity of Scripture
the Protestant view that the Bible's central message— the Creator graciously redeeming a fallen world in Jesus Christ— can be understood personally and faithfully, through reading vernacular translations, with the Holy Spirit's help and without necessary interpretive reliance upon the institutional church.
priesthood of all believers
the view that all who are baptized into Christ share immediate access to God; through the one Mediator they may call upon God in prayer, hear God in Scripture, and proclaim the divine Word to others.
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THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
1. The Creed
2. The Ten Commandments
3. The Lord's Prayer