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FTCE Middle Grades English 5-9
Terms in this set (333)
A type of narrative that uses a story to symbolize another meaning (Biblical stories)
A device that "repeats" stressed sounds in a sequence of words closely connected to one another. *Luscious lemons. It is based on the sounds of letters, rather than the spelling of words.
A reference to an event literary work or person. *I can not do that because I'm not superman.
Uses hints in a narrative to let the audience anticipate future events in the plot.
An exaggeration/a figure of speech that uses extreme exaggeration for dramatic effect.
I have done this a thousand times.
Love story, comic stories.
Compares two things by stating one is the other.*The eyes are the windows of the soul.
Words that imitate the sound they describe. *Plunk, Whiz, Pop
A two word paradox. *Never miss, seriously funny.
Another figure of speech which attributes "Human Qualities" to an inanimate object or abstract entity. *The run down house appeared depressed.
Compares one object to another.
He smokes like a chimney.
Pretty as a picture. *Light as a feather.
Refers to the "Attitude" expressed about the subject through the author.
A form of language use in which the writers and speakers mean something other than the literal meaning of their words. (Two figures of speech that are particularly important for poetry are simile and metaphor)
Is the concrete representation of a sense impression, feeling or idea that triggers our imaginative ere-enactment of sensory experience.
Images may be visual (something seen) Aural (something heard), tactile (felt), olfactory (smell), or gustatory (something tasted.)
Language that appeals to the senses.
The repetition of identical or similar concluding syllables in different words, most often at the ends of lines.
grouping of lines, set off by a space, which usually has a set pattern of meter and rhyme.
Is the repetition of identical or similar concluding syllables in different words, most often at the ends of lines. Rhyme is predominately a function of sound rather than spelling; thus words that end with they same vowel sound. *day, prey, bouquet, weigh. (Poets rely heavily on rhythm to express meaning and convey feeling.)
Saying or dialogue much overworked in common language. They are used in developing characters and sometimes in comical and farcical ways.
refers to a figure of speech in which a word or words are repeated at the beginning of successive lines of verse in rhetoric.
Occurs when a state of tension in a literary work reaches its peak, usually with a resolution of some kind. (increasing level of tension, usually between the protagonist and antagonist.)
the study of speech differences from one geographical area to another.
the presence in one form of speech with elements from different neighboring dialects.
the choice of language in a literary work. May be formal, colloquial, and slang. Used to set a tone for the work meant to induce a mood in the audience.
any coherent succession of sentences, spoken or written. Thus a novel, short story, essay, speech or interview.
a particular manner of using language to narrate a story, develop a dramatic mood, or evoke a mood. Can also refer to a period of literary history or to an individual writer.
Very common among people and business for communication. Electronic documents will continue to grow.
Effective way of writing an email.
1. The subject should be meaningful and concise. Clear to the reader.
2. Most important part of the message should appear on the first screen.
3. Summarize long messages in the fist paragraph.
4. Write concisely in short, relevant paragraphs.
5. Use a mixture of capital and lower case letter for ease of reading.
6. Include the text of the attachment in the body of the E-mail if possible.
7. Proofread after using spell check and grammar check.
the main events of a play, novel, movie, or similar work, devised and presented by the writer as an interrelated sequence.
Elements of Literature
3. Inciting Force/triggers
5. Rising Action
8. Falling action
The introductory material which give the setting, creates the tone, presents the characters, and presents other facts necessary to understanding the story.
The event of character that triggers the conflict.
The essence of fiction. It creates plot. We usually encounter them as (Man versus...Man, Nature, Society or Self.)
A series of events that builds from the conflict. It begins with the inciting force and ends with the climax.
The conflict reaches and a turning point. A this point the opposing forces in the story meet and the conflict becomes most intense. The crisis occurs before or at the same time as the climax.
The events after the climax which close the story.
Round out and concludes the action.
5. Proof reading
Purpose of writing
1. To entertain
2. To persuade or convince
3. To educate or inform
Considering an audience
1. Identify your audience
2. Determine qualities of the audience.
(age, sex, education, culture)
3 Understand what the audience values (humor, honesty, originality)
4. What is the audience attitude (Pro, con, knowledgeable)
5. Understand the writers relationship to the audience, peer, authority, advocate or antagonist.
is a group or individual creativity technique by which efforts are made to find a conclusion for a specific problem by gathering a list of ideas spontaneously contributed by its member(s).
a form of brainstorming in a structured way. The method involves exploring a topic by writing about it for a certain period of time without stopping.
States the main idea of the essay. Established early in the writing.
Basically the process of gathering information for the writers use.*Library research, field research.
1. Gathering information
4. Citing information
5. Avoiding plagiarism
Point of view
1. First Person "I"
2. Second Person
3. Third Person/Most traditional
4. multiple point of view
Stream of Consciousness
In Modern Writing: technique developed fully by James Joy where the interior monologue provide the narration through the thoughts, impressions, and fantasies of the narrator.
The main character in the story.
The character or force that opposes the protagonist.
A character who provides a contrast to the protagonist.
a literary or dramatic character who undergoes an important inner change, as a change in personality or attitude
a literary or dramatic character who undergoes little or no inner change; a character who does not grow or develop.
The narrator is a character in the story who can reveal only personal thoughts and feeling and what he or she sees and is told by other characters. He can't tell us thoughts of other characters.
The narrator is an "outsider" who can report only what he or she sees and hears. The narrator can tell us what is happening, but he can't tell us the thoughts of the characters.
The narrator is an outsider who sees into the mind of one of the characters.
The narrator is an all-knowing outsider who can enter the minds of more than one of the characters.
The contrast between what is expected or what appers to be and what actually is.
The contrast between what is said and what is actually meant.
Irony of Situation
Refers to a happening that is the opposite of what is expected or intended.
This occurs when the audience or reader knows more than the characters know.
A person, place, or object which has meaning in itself but suggest other meaning as well.
*Things, characters, and actions. (bright sunshine = goodness, Water= cleanser.)
the most important or central thought of a paragraph or larger section of text, which tells the reader what the text is about.
May be stated or implied. Differs from the subject or topic of a literary work in that it involves a statement or opinion.
Four ways in which an author can express themes
1. Are expressed and emphasized by the way the author makes us feel...by sharing feelings of the main character you also share the ideas that go through his mind.
2. Presented in thoughts and conversations. (thoughts are repeated throughout the story.)
3. The actions or events in the story are used to suggest theme. People naturally express ideas and feeling through their actions.
Literary genres refer to the basic generic types of poetry, drama, fiction, and non fiction.
A general term for any form of literary narrative that is invented or imagined rather than being factual.
language that contains or uses figures of speech, especially metaphors.
an expression whose meaning is not predictable from the usual meanings of its constituent elements, as" kick the bucket or hang one's head", or from the general grammatical rules of a language, as the "table round for the round table", and that is not a constituent of a larger expression of like characteristics.
a word that names or signifies something specific:
"Wind" is the denotation for air in natural motion. "Poodle" is the denotation for a certain breed of dog.
the associated or secondary meaning of a word or expression in addition to its explicit or primary meaning: A possible connotation of "home" is "a place of warmth, comfort, and affection.".
1. Short Stories *usually under 20,000 words
2. Novels *Large cast of characters, extensive plotting
3. Novellas *Longer than a short story, but shorter than a novel.
Elements of Prose Fiction
1. Speech and dialogue
2. Thought and mental process
3. Dramatic involvement
6. Setting and description
-Can be "flat" (minor figures) or "round" (those understood from a well rounded view.)
-A person intimately involved with the plot and the development of the novel.
-Should be savored rather than gulped.
-Careful reading and thoughtful analysis of the major themes of the novel are essential to a clear understanding of the work.
Any work where actors or actresses assume roles before an audience, either in a theater, motion picture, television, or radio.
Drama may be subdivided into three (3) major groups.
1. Tragedy *leading character has a disastrous end.
2. Tragicomedy *includes both comic and tragic elements.
3. Comedy *often emphasizes society and its mores, rather than individuals.
Types of drama
1. Chronicle plays
2. Mystery Plays (based on the bible)
3. Heroic drama (epic deeds)
4. Interludes (short form)
5. No (traditional Japanese theater)
focus on social problems and movements.
-The Doll House/ women's rights
a dramatic comedy that is full of action, escapades of characters always on the brink of disaster, and full of stereotypical characters filling stock roles.
the branch of knowledge that deals with language. *study of structure of words. grammar is part of it.
the study of relationship between language and the structure of society.
Neurolinguistics is concerned with the physical representation of the linguistic process in the brain.
-Front lobe of brain is responsible for controlling the production of speech.
a written account of another person's life
the faculty or power of speaking; oral communication; ability to express one's thoughts and emotions by speech sounds and gesture
form of writing that conveys information and explains ideas:
Characteristics for expository writing
-To entertain, amuse or instruct.
-Character, setting and plot
-Beginning, middle and end. (Order of events)
-Gives an opinion
-uses words such as *in my opinion, for this reason, I feel
-2 groups disagree about something
-Change the readers mind, convince reader of their point of view.
-Highly persuasive and logical
the study of how words are put together or the study of sentences.
The largest structural unit normally recognized by a grammar is the sentence.
Is the study of the historical relation between a word and earlier form or forms from which it has developed.
Is traditionally something said to be expressed by a sentence. Modern theories in linguistics often elaborate on this.
Are classified in two ways:
-according to their structure
-according to their purpose
1. Simple sentences
2. Compound sentences
3. Complex sentences
4. Compound Complex Sentences
Run on sentences
Are independent clauses that have not been joined correctly.
Correction of Run on Sentences
- Revision with a comma and or a coordinating conjunction.
-Revision with semicolon, a colon, or dash.
-Revision by separating sentences.
-Revision by restructuring the sentence.
relies on sound as well as sense in creating an impact. It makes use of multiple literary devices to convey moods, emotions, narratives, and setting.
-Understand the relationship of the title to the work. Does the title suggest anything about the subject?
-Ascertain who the "speaker" of the poem is. Determine what type of narrative is employed.
-Know the major theme or argument that dominates the work.
-Poems deal with private or individual matters or subjects in the public spectrum.
-What type of meter is being used? Is rhyme employed as a device?
-Carefully examine the poem for figurative language and note how it is used.
-Be aware of the poems historical and cultural setting to place the meaning in context.
- Notice whether the poem fits a formally defined genre with poetry.
Division of ryhme
1. End rhyme- occurs at the close of the rhyme is "perfect", it involves identical sounds.
2. Half rhyme-also called slant rhyme, involves a closeness of sounds but are not identical.
is a mournful or sorrowful poem, usually lamenting the dead.
- Analogy:compares two things.
-Similes: figures of speech that use grammatical connections (as if, or, as)
-Metaphors:figures of speech
-Irony:conveys something other than the real meaning.
Greek playwright (comedic) wrote in the style "old comedy"
"The divine Comedy"
The pilgrims progress
The Canterbury Tales (24 stories told by pilgrims)
Miguel de Cervantes
Wrote 92 plays and only 19 survived
Edgar Allen Poe
American poet, novelist and short story writer.
-The Tell Tale Heart
-The Pit and the Pendulum
followers became son of Ben
American voice in Lit.
-Humorist, novelist and travel writer.
"The adventures of huckleberry fin.
Sir Thomas Malory
Collection of prose stories
Michel de Mont Aigne's
The rape of the lock
Gargantuan and Pantagreul (5 volume master piece)
-Islands of Lesbos
-Oedipus the king
Essential points of speech evaluation
-Establishment of tone
-The body of the speech
-The conclusion of the speech
-The presentation of the speech
Basic elements of speech making
-Speaker brings self-conception or impression of the audiences general identify.
-Identify the audience
-Selecting appropriate subject
-Speaker uses various channels of communication
-Are used for two reasons: When written assessments are not feasible, and to evaluate a student's mastery of such topics as verbal language proficiency, debating skills, and the ability to think and respond quickly.
-May be stressful and some students may have trouble responding and becoming tongue tied.
Evaluation of oral presentation
-Evaluates student growth and development in the areas of
1. Understanding the subject
2. Planning and organizing abilities
3. Communication Skills
-Used to evaluate a particular skill that is one of the primary objectives in class.
-Same criteria to evaluate all students
-Students need to be informed a head of time, what will be evaluated
-Student should be evaluated on both process and results.
-Observation Checklist or rating scale.
-Used to evaluate student's progress in specific tasks like demonstrating a skill, solving, a complex problem with multiple parts, or participation in general classroom discussion.
Four steps to successfully integrate performance assessment.
1. What is to be observed and assessed.
2. Develop the Criteria to be used.
3.Decide which recording method to use between anecdotal records, an observation checklist, or a rating scale.
4. Inform the students that they are being evaluated, on what they are being evaluated, and the criteria being used.
Enhancing the reading experience
*Art and music contain many opportunities for interacting with literature for the enrichment of all.
-Student can apply knowledge of art and music by creating illustrations for work.
-Should be encouraged to use the knowledge of art and music to illuminate the text.
-Skills, behaviors, attitudes, and processes that are relevant to student's development.
-Used frequently "to be effective"
-Language should be simple and easy to understand
-At the end, notes should be noted and clarified.
-Charts, graphs, tables, photos, maps, diagrams are useful in conveying information vividly and in a summary form.
-May be placed on a document close to the textual discussion or put in an appendix, labeled and referred to in a text.
-Each paragraph may be examined by identifying the main point of the section, and insuring that every sentence supports or relates to the main theme.
-Check for organization
-Number of sentences are adequate
-Pay attention to sentence length.
-Attention to the use of specific nouns rather than general ones.
-Verbs should be active whenever possible
-Stronger and energetic
-Tone should be appropriate for the topic
-Can range from humorous to serious
Evaluates student writing
-Should be structured to include three basic goals.
1. To provide students a description of what they are doing when they respond.
2. To provide a pathway for potential improvement.
3. To help students learn to evaluate themselves.
Teacher response to writing evaluations
-Praise/Positive, bolster student confidence
-Describing/ best done none judgmental mode.
-Record Keeping/Process of keeping record of recording a students reading interest, attitudes and us of literary strategies.
-Recognition/Giving students recognition for growth and progress.
Straw man Fallacy
The "straw man" fallacy consists of an oversimplification or distortion of opposing views.
Language that stereotypes or demeans women or men, usually women.
Activity that is widely used in building student's reading fluency
-Repeated Oral Reading Combined with feedback
A vocabulary activity that would best prepare students for a unit on imagery and figurative language would be
- A set of word games: crosswords, word searches.
Involving adjectives and adverbs.
A strategy that would be most appropriate for increasing comprehension before reading a chapter book with out pictures would be
- Preview the chapter titles and identify questions that would be answered by reading.
is an exercise, test, or assessment consisting of a portion of text with certain words removed, where the participant is asked to replace the missing words.
a pair of characters used together to represent a single sound, such as "sh" in English. Typographical ligature, the joining of two letters as a single glyph, such as "æ"
independent reading level
is the level at which a child can read a text on his/her own with ease. The child makes hardly any errors when reading the text and has excellent comprehension of the story. The child can read the story alone with confidence.
instructional reading level
is the level at which a child needs the support of a teacher, parent, or tutor. This is the level where students are introduced to new vocabulary and is where the greatest progress in reading occurs. Children are reading with 90-95 percent accuracy or better and possess at least 80 percent comprehension on simple recall questions about the story.
Frustration Reading Level
occurs when the accuracy of the reading goes below 90 percent.
is defined as the ability to read with speed, accuracy, and proper expression. In order to understand what they read, children must be able to read fluently whether they are reading aloud or silently. When reading aloud, fluent readers read in phrases and add intonation appropriately.
Oral language skills
incorporate speaking, listening, and knowledge of conventional language. It includes a multitude of competencies.
Early Emergent readers
are beginning to learn sound/symbol relationships--starting with consonants and short vowels--and are able to read CVC (consonant-vowel-consonant) words, as well as a number of high-frequency words. Books at this level have: Strong picture support.
is a method by which students can work to improve their own unguided reading comprehension. During the preview process, students consider the topic at hand, what they already know about it, and what they would like to learn or believe they will learn. It helps students to approach reading for the purpose of comprehension "reading to learn" and retention.
is a strategy for graphically representing concepts. portray the schematic relations that compose a concept. It assumes that there are multiple relations between a concept and the knowledge that is associated with the concept.
is a form of brainstorming used to visually collect captured ideas and thoughts from a group.
Join equal elements. Two or more words, two equivalent phrases or two equivalent clauses can be joined by a coordinate conjunction. Connects equivalent elements but works in pairs of words: both, and; either, or; neither, nor etc.
is a type of pun, or play on words, in which two words become mixed up. The speaker meant to say "figment."
An indirect object
is someone to whom or for whom something is done. If a sentence has an indirect object, it appears before the direct object
A possessive form
is a word or grammatical construction used to indicate a relationship of possession in a broad sense
won the Pulitzer Prize and the American Book Award in 1988 for Beloved and the Nobel Prize in 1993
What role can a writer take in a persuasive writing assignment?
In a persuasive writing assignment
the author has to take a position for or against a subject.
A tool for assessing student writing in which the student meets with the teacher to discuss the students progress or decline, as well as his or her strengths and weaknesses, is known as which of the following?
the teacher and student meet regularly to review the student's work. This allows the teacher to see the student's progress or decline, and to discuss this with the student. It is also a time to encourage self-assessment by the student and help him or her build tools for doing so.
Ambiguity of words
is the ability to express more than one interpretation often resolved by context. Jargon is specialized language.
Who wrote The Bell Jar?
The fact that Americans and the British both speak English but that there is a vast difference in spelling, choice of words, pronunciation and more is evidence of which of the following?
are supported by institutions such as governments and schools. British people speak Standard British English but Americans speak Standard American English.
When the readers or audience know something that the characters do not, this is known as which of the following?
exhibit strong ideas.
A declarative sentence
is one that makes a statement about a person, place, thing, or idea
An imperative sentence
is the type that gives a command.
sentences states true implications and hypothetical scenarios as well as their end results?
Who was Sylvia Plath's husband?
The following sentence falls into which of the following categories?
(Because you are short, you can sit in the front row.)
The given sentence is a complex sentence because it contains a dependent clause and an independent clause. "Because you are short" is the dependent clause (it cannot stand alone) and "you can sit in the front row" is the independent clause (it can stand alone).
In Mary Shelley's novel Frankenstein, who is the protagonist?
Clive Staples Lewis
He served as a novelist and literary critic among other things. He is known for many works, including The Chronicles of Narnia and The Space Trilogy.
A fallacy which occurs when the writer wrongly attributes the cause of an event, is known as
Many colors made up certain rooms in the castle in Poe's story the "Masque of the Red Death". Which of the following is the correct group of colors?
Blue, purple, green, orange, white, violet, black
He went out (to get ice cream.)
What is the function of the underlined phrase?
Literary works that are thought to have a special merit by a given culture are known as
bodies of literature thought to have special merit by a given culture, such as literary works traditionally taught in colleges and universities, sometimes called "classics."
is representative of The Elizabethan period of British literature which took place between 1550-1625
(As a title) set apart with quotation marks
Songs, poems and essays are small works or part of the whole and are therefore
(As a title) are always underlined or italicized.
Large or complete works, such as plays
A prepositional phrase
starts with a preposition, such as at, across, down, in, of,
Tone may be altered in the process of
Which of the following literary periods occurred during the fifth to eleventh centuries?
A thesis statement
is used to tell the reader what to expect in their reading. Is typically found in the first paragraph of a paper
Which is the correct hierarchy of the study of syntax?
Sentences are analyzed into clauses which are analyzed into phrases which are analyzed into words which are analyzed into morphemes.
has 6 stanzas with 6 lines.
Combining primary and secondary sources of research so that one supports the other is called
In the comprehension approach
the focus is on imparting discrete comprehension skills. The goal is for students to be able to identify key aspects of a piece of literature, such as main idea, theme, setting, and so forth.
Which of the following is the correct title of a poem by Robert Frost?
The Road Not Taken
Writers will use a variety of fallacies in their writing to portray ideas and thoughts. A type of fallacy called argumentum ad populum uses arguments that are based on what to persuade readers?
The person who developed the theory that there are five main components of second language acquisition theory - the acquisition/learning hypothesis, the monitor hypothesis, the natural order hypothesis, the input hypothesis and the affective filter hypothesis is which of the following?
Ray Bradbury's "Something Wicked This Way Comes" makes use of which of the following literary elements?
whole language instruction
philosophy of reading instruction focuses on making meaning from text. Students are immersed in language. Teachers instruct with read-alouds and guided reading groups and encourage much independent reading. Phonics instruction is embedded in instruction. Direct phonics instruction involves teaching letter sounds and blends in isolation to aid in decoding. Fluency is an objective in all reading instruction.
Literary works that is from the Romantic period of British literature
What grammatical issue needs to be addressed in this sentence?
"Ribs were served to the guests covered with sauce."
The main problem with this sentence is the misplaced modifier
Basic research techniques include how many steps?
helps students activate prior knowledge as a starting point for better reading comprehension. This dialogue between prior knowledge and new information greatly increases the student's ability to comprehend a text and to retain new information.
are also known as semantic mapping
when a student begins by surveying the text they are going to read.
What book is about a 15 year old girl named Billie Jo?
Out of the Dust
At which stage of second language acquisition would you expect a student to begin using short phrases?
At the early production stage, the student has a vocabulary of 1,000 words. They also begin using short phrases at this time.
Rhyme, alliteration, and onomatopoeia are all elements of which of the following?
Kennings were figurative descriptions of people, things and concepts that were commonly used in Anglo-Saxon and Old Norse narrative poetry. Which of the following is defined as a "sword"?
refer to joints or ligaments
is a battle
involves judging the overall quality of a piece of writing
was written by Louisa May Alcott. It takes place in New England during the 19th century. It follows Jo, Meg, Beth, and Amy while their father is away at war
is an exaggerated reality so it lends itself to symbolism, allegory, and surrealism
Qualitative data collection includes
case studies, interviews, and observations.
The phrase "must have" is an example of which type of verb?
Referring to a person as "a few fries short of a Happy Meal" instead of "crazy" is which of the following?
Which of the following philosophers wrote the "Allegory of the Cave"?
is received by an individual by listening to another or reading a text. This involves phonemic awareness, the ability to understand and manipulate the sound words and phonemes of language, phonological awareness and sound-symbol recognition
is received, processed into memory, integrated with previous knowledge and used to form new ideas and concepts.
The Lightning Thief
was written by Rick Riordan. The book follows the main character Percy Jackson. Percy is a special kid who learns his father is Poseidon. The book takes you on an adventure to find the Underworld.
A Wrinkle in Time
The story is about Meg, Charles, and Calvin. The main characters are looking for Meg's father who was trying to solve the tesseract problem. The main characters were visited by a stranger who told them about a tesseract.
Second person uses words
like "you" or "your"
Third person uses words like
"he", "she", "they", and "it".
involves gathering and selecting ideas by creating lists, researching, brainstorming and similar activities.
Defines predicting and how it relates to reading?
Previewing the text in order to anticipate what is going to happen next
Bridge to Terabithia
was written by Katherine Paterson. The main character of the story is Jess Aarons. He wants to be the quickest runner in his grade. He meets a new neighbor who can outrun him. They become friends and create a magical kingdom
Which semantic term indicates that a word or phrase that is used to replace unacceptable language
In bilingual education, when the non-dominant language is neither valued nor used as a medium of instruction it is called what?
When the announcer of a baseball games tells the listener that the team "turned a double play" this language would be an example of which of the following?
In Divine Comedy by Dante, which Circle is also called Limbo?
The First Circle is also called Limbo. It is the only Circle where its residents were not actively punished.
Who was best known for her confessional poetry that dealt with topics like depression?
Who wrote the short story "The Lottery"?
Which SRSD approach is used in writing opinions?
TREE stands for topic sentence, reasons, ending, and examine. This approach is used when students share their opinions.
Which of these poets' writings are meant to be enjoyed visually rather than audibly?
E.E. Cummings' works, works sometimes repeated a letter in such a way that it was visually interesting to see and sometimes more visually relevant to the meaning of the poem itself. He broke words and sentences in half between lines to create different sounds or emphasis, which wouldn't be as impactful if one only heard his poems.
Into which of the following classifications would the underlined words in the following sentence fall?
The general planned the bombing to avoid any collateral damage.
Which of the following is not part of the narrative discourse?
Speakers, listeners, and watchers are part of the narrative discourse.
refers to the study of how language determines and reflects world views of people
Which of the following is a hypothesis and component of Stephen Krashen's theory of second language acquisition?
Sagwa, the Chinese Siamese Cat was written in which of the following years?
Which of the following defines the term "descriptive grammar"?
Naming the parts of speech
Virginia Hamilton is the author of
M.C. Higgins the Great.
When teaching the students complex sentences, what would be a C-unit?
It also includes any modifiers. A C-unit is separated from subordinating clauses.
The car salesman tells you that the seats are made of genuine imitation leather. He is using which of the following?
Doublespeak. Is a language that pretends to communicate but doesn't. It is used to distort or hide the actual meaning. "Genuine imitation leather" contains not only an oxymoron (genuine imitation) but it is also doublespeak.
When a writer shuts down any other discussion by asserting that his or her beliefs are the only valid ones, he or she has committed which of the following fallacies?
Dogmatism is a rhetorical fallacy which occurs when the writer asserts that his or her beliefs are the only valid ones. This essentially shuts down any other discussion. Students should learn to identify common rhetorical fallacies so that they can both spot them in others' writing and avoid them in their own.
Inductive arguments are considered which of the following?
Hamlet's "to be or not to be" contemplation is considered which of the following?
is a soliloquy. A soliloquy is an extended speech where a character addresses the audience instead of other characters.
Who wrote The Sorrows of Young Werther?
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
More's "Utopia" is representative of which of the following periods of British literature?
The Middle English period of British literature which took place from 1066-1550. Familiarity with the various periods of literature helps identify various authors, genres, and works with their respective periods
was written by Kate Chopin. It was published in 1899.
Which of the following is NOT an example of a transitional word?
A transitional word is a signpost that lets the audience know that you will be moving from one point to the next.
Consider the following sentence: "The radio weather report predicted gale force winds, heavy rains, and that tides would be abnormally high." What grammatical issue needs to be addressed in this sentence?
The main grammatical issue here is parallel structure. The phrase "that tides would be abnormally high" should be changed to "abnormally high tides" to make it parallel with the other items in this list.
The two most important structures of modern European languages and English are clauses and sentences. Which is NOT true of sentences?
Sentences are constructed similarly in all languages.
The sentence, as we conceive it, is not found in all languages. Sentences are not a necessary structure in natural language and most spoken data is not organized into regular sentence forms. Many written texts are not written in sentences. Poetry may not be written in sentence form.
Begging the question is a type of
Which of the following is the LEAST credible source for writing a paper?
Word of mouth
"Don't forget to dust the furniture, Amelia Bedelia." In the classic Amelia Bedelia stories, Amelia is always misinterpreting her employer's instructions. In this case, Amelia takes face powder and spreads it over the furniture. Why is Amelia confused?
A contranym is a word that can mean the opposite of itself. "Dust" can mean to remove or to place dust on something. A capitonym is a word that is spelled the same but has a different meaning when capitalized. "My job was to polish the Polish queen's jewels."
Which of the following literary works is from the American Renaissance period of American Literature?
is from the American Renaissance period of American Literature. The American Renaissance period lasted from 1830 to 1860.
Which of the following is the study of the grammatical structure of SENTENCES?
Which of the following poetry forms is a poem that consists of 19 lines?
A line or group of lines which is repeated throughout a poem, often after every stanza, is known as which of the following?
Which of the following poetry forms is put together from lines of other poems?
Which of the following individuals authored more than 50 plays that utilized satire as a way to discuss social criticism and reform?
George Bernard Shaw
Who wrote The Picture of Dorian Gray?
The fact that speaking to the principal of the school and speaking to a peer will differ in language choices is part of which feature of our language system?
deals with the language choices we make in social and cultural contexts and interactions.
The popular Harry Potter series follows the adventures of a wizard. Which of the following genres would the stories fit?
Which sonnets have two parts: an octave (8-line) "proposition", which typically asks a question or describes a problem, and a sestet (6-line) part which often provides a "resolution". Because of this structure, Italian sonnets are often written in more than one voice (e.g. questioner and answer provider).
Improperly associating a cause to a collection of data
Texas sharpshooter fallacy
Basing a conclusion on where one comes from rather than the current context or definition.
The idea that because something has happened, its occurrence could not have been prevented.
When a teacher finds many grammatical mistakes in a piece of student writing, the best approach is to
Look for patterns of errors and explain the basic problems they exhibit.
The use of morosity in a literary work best describes the use of which of the following?
is a word that is pronounced differently but has the same spelling
In Greek mythology, who is the messenger of the gods?
use the expository writing style to inform its readers.
God of Music
Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry is an example of
when one line of poetry ends but the thought continues onto the next line to complete the meaning.
is associated with the "The American Renaissance" or Transcendentalism period of American literature?
Ralph Waldo Emerson
A humorous verse form of five anapestic lines with a rhyme scheme of aabba is called
used as a form of symbolism in Edgar Allen Poe's "Masque of the Red Death"?
The castle represented a form of protection from illness spread outside the castle.
Who is the sun god, in Greek Mythology?
In conferencing with a student about his writing assignment which of the following would be least appropriate?
Be sure to cover every weakness in the writing assignment.
Von Schiller's "Don Carlos" is representative of which neoclassical period of literature?
The German Neoclassical period
Which of the following poetry forms is a 15-line poem made up of three stanzas?
Teachers must teach the craft and processes of writing. They must also provide guidance for developing writers. Which practice might a teacher use to help students self-evaluate a piece of writing?
Asking students to use a double-entry journal in which they write a piece and explain their process and thinking alongside
The process by which a reader determines the pronunciation and at least some level of meaning of an unknown word, is known as which of the following?
What type of writing is designed to share communication of ideas and/or information between two or more parties?
Which of the following types of organization shows readers why something happened and the result of it?
Cause and effect
Which of the following is an example of whole language instruction?
students focus on meaning in reading and meaning in writing. They are immersed in many language experiences.
A psychologists that maintained that thinking stimulates language learning and that language is dependent on the presence of sensorimotor schemata?
Which definition listed below best describes allegory
A pattern of meaning beyond what is evident on the surface
Which of the following is the correct APA format citation for the book The Bluest Eye?
Morrison, T. (1970). The bluest eye. New York: Washington Square Press.
Which existentialist author wrote The Stranger?
A persuasive essay includes
Facts and opinions
What should students do if they are having difficulty beginning a writing assignment?
Begin at the middle.
When psychologists talk about an Oedipus complex, what in mythology are they referring to?
In mythology, Oedipus unknowingly kills his father and marries his mother.
What happens if the main character leaves the graveyard in The Graveyard Book?
He will be killed by the man that killed his family.
During which stage of plot are characters, setting and conflict introduced?
Which semantic term indicates a specialized language?
Which of the following correctly matches a noun or pronoun with its possessive form?
Who wrote Native Son?
Which of the following is an implied comparison between two different things that may actually have something in common?
Politicians often accuse each other of posing arguments based on semantics. Which is the definition of semantics?
The following sentence is written from which point of view? "The writer must have his or her opportunity to present his or her story."
Which of the following is true about the maze in The Maze Runner?
The maze is constantly changing
According to Noam Chomsky, which of the following is the third stage of language development?
"Where", "when", and "why" are examples of _______.
Discourse is associated with which of the following?
The presentation of language in its whole state.
Oh, it is a beautiful day!
What is the underlined word in this sentence?
Qualitative research is usually expressed how?
n Greek mythology, which of the following always takes on the shape of maidens?
Dead End in Norvelt was written by whom?
I Know Why The Caged Bird Sings was copyrighted in which year?
Which level of thinking is involved in differentiating fact from opinion?
English Language Learners sometimes find it difficult to form English sentences because
They do not have an intuitive sense of what "sounds right" in English.
Which theory links language development to cognitive development?
"Everyday so far this winter, it has been cold. Therefore, tomorrow will be cold" is an example of which of the following?
Which of the following works is an example of the negative social impacts of industrialism?
Mary Barton (1848)
The study of the structure of words is called:
A narrative is typically written in which point of view?
First and third
Which of the following types of punctuation is used to set off explanatory information?
In Greek mythology, who controls wisdom and reason?
The following passage is an example of what type of literary work? ( There was an Old Man in a tree, Who was horribly bored by a Bee; When they said, 'Does it buzz?' He replied, 'Yes, it does!' 'It's a regular brute of a Bee!')
The arrangement of words to form a logical sentence is called
Which of the following best describes the dictionary definition of a term?
poems are often spoken in first person and present personal emotions and feelings
Does not rhyme
What is the earliest a second language acquisition student would typically reach the stage of continued language development?
Which of the following is an idea that has been overused in artistic work so much that it has lost its meaning?
the author focusing on one specific event or time period in their life while an autobiography or biography focuses on all events of a person's life
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