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Terms in this set (36)
neither a building nor just an institution, but a regathered form of Israel incorporating people from every tribe, tongue, and nation; its creedal "marks" are oneness, holiness, catholicity, and apostolicity.
one of the creedal marks of the church, involving its fundamental unity in Jesus Christ despite its diversity of spiritual gifts, cultural contexts, human leaders, and so forth.
one of the creedal marks of the church, involving its united fullness as Christ's body, bearing the Spirit's gifts, with each member connected to the whole.
one of the creedal marks of the church, involving its mission to extend faithfully the apostles' proclamation.
marks of the church
characteristics of the true church in a preliminary and partial, not perfect, sense; according to the Nicene Creed, oneness, holiness, catholicity, and apostolicity.
the doctrine of the church.
the church being gathered by the Son and sent by the Spirit into the world, as the Father sent the Son.
an unbroken line of bishops succeeding the apostles as the earthly vehicle through which Christ administers his lordship over the church.
extra ecclesiam nulla salus
Latin for "outside the church there is no salvation," a famous proclamation of Cyprian (200-258).
a sect in North Africa (opposed by Augustine) that opposed a mixed church (composed of unbelieving "tares" amid the "wheat" of genuine believers) and argued that lapsed priests invalidated the sacraments.
ex opere operato
within Augustine's response to the Donatists, claiming eﬀective validity for the sacraments "in the very doing of the act."
the view that God's special relationship with the Jewish people came to an end after the coming of Jesus Christ and the establishment of his church, which replaced Israel.
communion of saints
the fellowship in Christ that all his followers share across time and place.
actions that reﬂect and foster the church's conformity to Christ; these means of grace involve personal participation in communally shared activities.
patterned movements of worship; some are formal and planned, others are freer yet learned through repetition.
a regular pattern of symbolic behavior that is performed by or on behalf of a community seeking shared religious experience.
a ritually embodied sign that celebrates the mysterious communication of God's grace.
in Catholic teaching, a sacrament that addresses the ongoing need for conversion, confession, and forgiveness, with means of satisfaction such as fasting, prayer, and almsgiving.
anointing the sick
associated with James 5:13-20, an occasional Protestant practice and a Catholic sacrament to seek healing; despite popular perception, Catholic anointing is not solely for people at the threshold of death (as part of "viaticum" preparing them for heaven).
the Catholic or Orthodox sacrament that includes the threefold apostolic ministry of the episcopate, the presbyterate, and the diaconate.
using water, a rite that initiates Christian believers into their priestly participation in Christ's body, identifying with his saving work and joining the community indwelt by his Holy Spirit.
the rejection of paedobaptism and insistence on believer's baptism.
the Catholic position on the Lord's Supper, in which the substance of the bread and wine is transformed into Christ's body and blood, while the accidental properties of physical bread and wine remain the same.
external properties that can change without altering the substance, the essential reality
a Greek word for "fellowship."
both a shared identity that stems from participation in Christ and relational interactions that stem from Christian aﬀection in the Spirit.
the structures by which the church orders its leadership to foster the shalom of its common life.
church order involving a threefold hierarchy of ministry, in which bishops oversee pastors and deacons.
church order that characterizes Reformed churches, involving "presbyters" or "elders" who form a "session" that governs a local congregation, while "presbyteries" or "synods" govern a denomination at various levels.
free- church polity
church order that involves no aﬃliation with an established state church; often associated with congregational polity.
church order in which members of local congregations together constitute the ﬁnal human authority through which Christ governs.
a formal Protestant church association based on historic (however brief) aﬃnities of doctrine and/or ministry.
indefectibility of the church
its certain endurance, at least in a faithful remnant, based on God's promise that the gates of hell will not prevail against it.
Christ's body viewed in terms of those who are genuinely saved members.
Christ's body viewed as a concrete, earthly institution, thus including sinful members, false confessors of faith, and disordered polity along with the marks of oneness, holiness, catholicity, and apostolicity.
the essential nature of something, as distinguished from its accidents.
substitution: the standing- in of Jesus for some aspect of humanity, the atoning nature of which is debated.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
15. All Things New
1. The Creed
2. The Ten Commandments
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