15. All Things New
Terms in this set (44)
the historical end(s) of the present cosmos and its people.
the doctrine of last things.
belief in a literal millennium, the thousand- year reign of Christ on earth.
the thousand- year (literally, at least) earthly reign of Christ that is mentioned in Revelation 20.
the Greek word for "appearing"; theologically, the second coming of Christ.
an eschatological view in which God's kingdom has been inaugurated by Jesus Christ at his ﬁrst advent and grows progressively via the church.
See dominion theology.
forms of theology, typically postmillennial, that encourage the church to extend God's kingdom via political inﬂuence, especially in America, perhaps by establishing biblical law as society's civil code.
an eschatological view in which Christ's current reign through the church (instead of a distinct, future time period) is the subject of Scripture's millennial passages.
an eschatological view in which Christ's return will initiate an intermediate stage (literally, one thousand years) of reigning fully over the present, sin- cursed form of the cosmos.
rapture of the church
an initial aspect of Christ's second advent in which he snatches away living Christians from earth.
a premillennial view that sees the rapture as part of Christ's return inaugurating the millennium; as the preﬁx "post-" suggests, the rapture happens after the "tribulation" mentioned in texts like Matthew 24:21.
a premillennial view that positions the rapture right before the portion of the tribulation (in the latter half) in which God actively pours out wrath.
a premillennial view that sees the rapture taking believers away from earth at the middle of the tribulation; as the preﬁx "mid-" suggests, "time, times, and half a time" is taken as dividing that period into two three- and- a- half- year halves.
a premillennial view in which Christian believers are kept away from God's wrath by being raptured before the tribulation begins, since the entire period contains God's wrath.
in literal terms, Satan's deceptive world ruler during the tribulation.
imminence of Christ's return
the possibility of Christ's return occurring, in principle, at any time.
texts that typically present visions or other divine revelation, sharply dividing between good and evil, urging marginalized people to remain steadfast, and hoping for a dramatic unveiling of God's power to overturn present history.
texts that confront God's people or their leaders about current patterns of unfaithfulness— sometimes, but not always, including an element of promise or prediction regarding the future.
historicist interpretation of prophecy
the view that certain prophecies are fulﬁlled within the course of church history.
futurist interpretation of prophecy
most emphatically, the view that all prophecies of the "last days" still await fulﬁllment upon Christ's return; more moderately, that certain prophetic texts or aspects await such future fulﬁllment.
preterist interpretation of prophecy
the view that prophetic literature addressed the original audiences entirely in terms of their immediate horizon; hence the key eschatological texts addressed events that are now past, or at least initially fulﬁlled.
idealist interpretation of prophecy
sometimes operating in tandem with preterism, a view that focuses on the rhetoric of apocalyptic symbols rather than references to speciﬁc events.
the dominant Protestant system of biblical theology from the century after the Reformers until the rise of dispensationalism, with the unity of the two major covenants as the organizing principle.
covenant of works
in Reformed theology, a covenant initiated by God with Adam, on behalf of all humanity, requiring obedience in order to enjoy life.
covenant of grace
in Reformed theology, God's covenant to redeem the elect through Jesus Christ.
Latin for "covenant of peace"— an intratrinitarian agreement between Father, Son, and Holy Spirit regarding their externally undivided saving action.
a Calvinist position that God decreed ﬁrst (logically speaking) to redeem the elect, then to create and to permit the fall into sin.
a Calvinist position (opposed to supralapsarianism) that God decreed ﬁrst (logically speaking) to create and to allow the fall, then to initiate the covenant of grace.
an eschatological view in which Christ's second coming occurs prior to a thousand- year reign of the saints but subsequent to the great apostasy (and any tribulation).
See dispensationalism, classic.
See dispensationalism, revised.
See dispensationalism, progressive.
ultimate reconciliation of all things to God; universal salvation.
a position on the outcome of the ﬁnal judgment involving absolute destruction instead of eternal torment.
a possible outcome of the ﬁnal judgment if everyone receives an opportunity clearly to accept or reject the gospel, including postmortem encounters with God as needed.
eternal and conscious punishment from God.
often seen as Augustinian, the position that the Bible consistently depicts the fate of those who are not in Christ as eternal and conscious punishment.
hopeful restraint about specifying the ultimate fate of apparent unbelievers.
pluralist approach to religions
the denial that the Christian faith presents distinctive truth about God and salvation in Christ, instead treating all religions as providing partial perspectives for grasping whatever reality is sacred.
exclusivist approach to religions
the view that only the God revealed in Jesus Christ is true, and only those who place explicit faith in Christ will be redeemed.
inclusivist approach to religions
the view that God is truly revealed in Jesus as the only way of salvation (John 14:6), but salvation's beneﬁts may extend to those who lack explicit faith in Christ.
bearing witness with one's whole life concerning the costly price of redemption, and awaiting the ultimate vindication of love for God and neighbor, even at the cost of earthly life.
an eschatological period of suﬀering and judgment, mentioned in the Gospels and in Revelation and variously interpreted, that precedes the second coming of Christ.
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10. Sin and Salvation
1. The Creed
2. The Ten Commandments