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DE US History Lessons 9-12
Terms in this set (58)
Franklin D. Roosevelt
President of the US during Great Depression and World War II
charged a high tax for imports thereby leading to less trade between America and foreign countries along with some economic retaliation
Works Progress Administration
New Deal agency that helped create jobs for those that needed them. It created around 9 million jobs working on bridges, roads, and buildings.
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
the government agency that insures customer deposits if a bank fails
Roosevelt's Secretary of Labor and first woman cabinet member in U.S. history.
allowed sales or loans of war materials to any country whose defense the president deems vital to the defense of the U.S
Asian Americans that served in the military during World War II
A set of international standards of conduct for treating prisoners of war, established in 1929
Town in Egypt, site of the victory by Britain's Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery over German forces led by General Erwin Rommel (the 'Desert Fox') in 1942-1943. (p. 793)
Site of important battle near Japanese mainland; last battle before atomic bombs; Allies won
City in Russia, site of a Red Army victory over the Germany army in 1942-1943. The Battle of Stalingrad was the turning point in the war between Germany and the Soviet Union. Today Volgograd.
Office of Strategic Services
run by William Donovan and
was America's anti-espionage department. This organization would become the postwar CIA
Communist dictator of the Soviet Union
George S. Patton
General in the United States Army who helped lead the Allies to victory in the Battle of the Bulge.
British General who cut off Rommel from advancing into Africa
George C. Marshall
The head of allied forces in World War II; proposed economic aid to to rebuild Western Europe -> Marshall Plan
Prime Minister of Great Britain during WWII
An alliance between the Soviet Union and other Eastern European nations. This was in response to the NATO
United States politician who unscrupulously accused many citizens of being Communists (1908-1957)
A period of general fear of communists
31st President of the United States
A series of reforms enacted by the Franklin Roosevelt administration between 1933 and 1942 with the goal of ending the Great Depression.
Agriculture Adjustment Administration
payments to farmers who agreed not to grow wheat, corn, tobacco, and other crops so farm prices went up and farmers better off
Mary McLeod Bethune
United States educator who worked to improve race relations and educational opportunities for Black Americans (1875-1955)
Rosie the Riveter
A propaganda character designed to increase production of female workers in the factories. It became a rallying symbol for women to do their part.
Bataan Death March
Japanese forced about 60,000 of americans and philippines to march 100 miles with little food and water, most died or were killed on the way
Base in hawaii that was bombed by japan on December 7, 1941, which eagered America to enter the war.
a bloody and prolonged operation on the island of Iwo Jima in which American marines landed and defeated Japanese defenders (February and March 1945)
A series of court proceedings held in Nuremberg, Germany, after World War II, in which Nazi leaders were tried for aggression, violations of the rules of war, and crimes against humanity.
A conflict that was between the US and the Soviet Union. The nations never directly confronted each other on the battlefield but deadly threats went on for years.
Austrian born Dictator of Germany, implement Fascism and caused WWII and Holocoust.
German field marshal noted for brilliant generalship in North Africa during World War II (1891-1944)
Battle of Britain
A series of battles between German and British air forces, fought over Britain in 1940-1941
Fascist Dictator of Italy that at first used bullying to gain power, then never had full power.
Harry S. Truman
Became president when FDR died; gave the order to drop the atomic bomb
1947, President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology, mainly helped Greece and Turkey
policy of threatening to use massive force in response to aggression
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
Arrested in the Summer of 1950 and executed in 1953, they were convicted of conspiring to commit espionage by passing plans for the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union.
Countries bordering USSR that Soviets made Communist to have "friendly ring of countries"
Civilian Conservation Corps
A major public works program in the United States during the Great Depression.
Social Security Act
created a tax on workers and employers. That money provided monthly pensions for retired people.
Tennessee Valley Authority
A relief, recovery, and reform effort that gave 2.5 million poor citizens jobs and land. It brought cheap electric power, low-cost housing, cheap nitrates, and the restoration of eroded soil.
John Maynard Keynes
English economist who advocated the use of government monetary and fiscal policy to maintain full employment without inflation (1883-1946)
332 Fighter Group famous for shooting down over 200 enemy planes. African American pilots who trained at the Tuskegee flying school.
June 6, 1944 - D-Day: Allied troops began landing on France's Normandy coast
An important battle in the Asian part of the war, the Americans sank 4 Japanese aircraft carriers
Hitler's program of systematically killing the entire Jewish people
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Two Japanese cities on which the U.S. dropped the atomic bombs to end World War II.
Navajo Code Talkers
Native Americans from the Navajo tribe used their own language to make a code for the U.S. military that the Japanese could not desipher
Detention centers where more than 100,000 Japanese Americans were relocated during World War II by order of the President.
first leader of the Imperial Rule Assisting Association, lead the attack of pearl harbor
A secret U.S. project for the construction of the atomic bomb.
Dwight D. Eisenhower
American General who began in North Africa and became the Commander of Allied forces in Europe.
American policy of resisting further expansion of communism around the world
North Atlantic Treaty Organization; an alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country; US, England, France, Canada, Western European countries
Papers hidden in Whittaker Chambers' yard proving Alger Hiss a Communist
A former State Department official who was accused of being a Communist spy and was convicted of perjury. The case was prosecuted by Richard Nixon.
A wall separating East and West Berlin built by East Germany in 1961 to keep citizens from escaping to the West
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