APGOPO Foundational Documents (redesign)
Terms in this set (9)
An essay composed by James Madison which argues that liberty is safest in a large republic because many interests (factions) exist. Such diversity makes tyranny by the majority more difficult since ruling coalitions will always be unstable.
- Argument against the Constitution
- Examples of History
- The U.S. is too big
- Too many different interests
- Government will be too far away
- Government is too powerful
- Supremacy/Necessary and Proper Clause
Declaration of Independence (1776)
July, 1776; formal separation from Britain. Asserts popular sovereignty and consent of the governed as ruling principles. All men are created equal; endowed with natural rights and when government fails to protect those rights, man should abolish the government.
Articles of Confederation (1781)
Document signed among the 13 colonies to establish the USA as a confederation of sovereign states and serve as the first constitution. It provided direction for the Revolution, the ability to conduct diplomacy with Europe, and deal with territorial issues and Native American relations.
Provided a seperation of power between the legislative, judicial, and executive branches of government, Defines, empowers, and limits the U.S. government. It prevents any one group from having total power by making the three branches of government depend on one another from their authority.
Argues that separation of powers within the national government is the best way to prevent the concentration of power in the hands of one person or a single group.
Letter from a Birmingham Jail (1963)
Martin Luther King, Jr., wrote on April 16, 1963. In the letter, King defended the nonviolent protests that he participated in for the fight against racial injustice
written by Alexander Hamilton; talks about the federal judiciary; judiciary must depend on other two branches to uphold its decisions
Federalist paper by Alexander Hamilton supporting the idea of the presidency as a branch united in one individual (unitary theory of the presidency) so that the presidency can execute the law quickly and without hesitation while remaining constrained by their sole responsibility for action to the people through elections. The president's energy is essential to good governance, as a multiplicity of executives is inherently weak.
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