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Sociology Exam Lecture
Terms in this set (14)
One in ___________ are born intersex
non-XY or XX Chromosomal makeup and mixed or indeterminate male and female sex characteristics. It is seen as abnormal by doctors.
an umbrella term describing people whose gender identity or expression differs from that associated with their birth sex
Optimum gender of rearing system
started in the 1950s; a team of medical specialists at Johns Hopkins University developed this system for treating children with intersex.
believed that gender was all about nurture; you could make any child into a "real" girl or boy if you altered their bodies before 18 mos and made them and their parents believe the gender assignment
surgeons performed cosmetic genital surgeries on intersex children without their consent.
1960s - penis burnt off during circumcision, so doctor said gender didnt matter - David became Brenda at age 3
At age 14, back to david;
important is how and why we work so hard to culturally distinguish bewteen the two genders/sexes and why we work so hard to enforce a sex/gender binary.
the process by which medical professionals approach, diagnose, and judge bodies with uncontested authority in ways that frame one's body as either healthy or morbid. It was also used in the heroine epidemic.
the belief that heterosexuality is and should be the norm; when transgender women have vaginoplasties that require them to participate in heterosexual activity (having sex with men, with penises) in order to make sure the vagina forms properly.
when gender = sex that means that it is a successful surgery
thinking rationally or clearly; says that being heterosexual is the right way to be.
changes brought about by the industrial revolution such as capitalism; going to have various and may move from time to time
deconstruction of categories, decline of religion, and social mobility.
lack of stability in the environment transitions to
seeking stability of the self.
an activist whose work has focused on the impact of gender norms.