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36 terms

Bronze Medallion / Cross - First Aid & CPR Review

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CPR
cardiopulmonary resuscitation
AED
Automated External Defribulator
An infant in need of CPR will have-
no breathing and no signs of life
A child has a deep arm laceration on his arm and his face is moist and very pale. What would you do 1st?
Call 9-1-1
What is the bast way to tell if a victim is conscious?
Tap them and ask "Are you ok?"
The citizen responder's first step in an emergency is-
Recognize that an emergency exists
What are the 3 basic steps (in order) you should take in an emergency?
CHECK(victim & scene), CALL(911) CARE (for the victim)
A victim is found face up. What should you do first to check & see if he/she is breathing?
Perform the head-tilt/ chin-lift technique.
When checking a victim during the emergency action steps, What do you check first for?
Consciousness
What do you do to check an unconscious victim for signals of breathing?
Look, Listen, and Feel for breathing for no more than 10 seconds
When is consent to be cared for assumed?
In an unconscious victim
What should you see in a victim who can cough forcefully?
The victims chest clearly rises
The head-tilt/ chin-lift technique is used for-
Opening the airway
If you can not see, hear or feel any signals of life, what would your next step be?
Give 2 rescue breaths
What do you do if a victim vomits while providing rescue breaths?
Carefully turn victim on their side and bend the top leg and move it forward
Why don't you give large breaths during rescue breathing?
To reduce risk of gastric distention
What is the youngest age an AED is allowed on?
1 year old, with pediatric pads
You should continue CPR until-
You are to exhausted to continue, scene becomes unsafe, or help arrives to take over
The cycle of compressions to breaths in CPR for an adult victim is-
30 compressions to every 2 breaths
CPR done on an adult should include chest compressions done at a rate of-
about 100 per minute
How often should you stop and check for signs of life when performing CPR on an adult victim?
NEVER
Children, unlike adults do not often initially suffer form cardiac emergencies. Instead, children-
Suffer respiratory emergencies that develop into cardiac emergencies.
How much aid should you give when giving a rescue breath?
Just enough to make the chest rise
Why do you survey the scene?
To decide if it is safe to help and how you can help.
What do you use for compressions on an adult?
2 hands
To help a conscious choking adult, once they can no longer cough, breathe or speak, you should:
do abdominal thrusts until the object comes out or the person goes unconscious.
If unresponsive but breathing, you should:
place them into recovery position
If you suspect someone has a spinal injury you should:
tell them not to move
Signs of a stroke
weakness, numbness, bad vision, speaking issues
Signs of a heart attack
Radiating pressure, squeezing, or pain
How do you care for a nosebleed?
tilt head forward and pinch soft part of the nose
When should you remove an impaled objects like a knife?
Never
What is the alternative to abdominal thrusts for a conscious choking infant?
5 back blows and 5 chest thrusts
Examples of personal protective equipment include:
gloves and pocket mask
One indication that bleeding is severe is:
if it is spurting out with each beat of the heart
If bleeding is severe:
Call 911. Apply direct pressure, rest and elevate.