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GEOLOGY 140-Section 1
Terms in this set (40)
What is an example of something that you can't feel or see but exists?
If someone flips a coin 50 times and gets all heads, we can conclude that they____
Just happened to get heads 50 times
Who can have false memories?
What is true about most of our memories?
They are inaccurate
What is the appeal to nature fallacy?
Considering anything natural to be good
What is pareidolia?
Our tendency to see patterns in randomness
A scientific conclusion must be which of the following?
Cryptozoology, Homeopathy, and Astrology are examples of what?
Everyone in Europe thinks GMOs are bad, therefore GMOs must be bad. This is an example of which logical fallacy?
Brad Pitt says that if I do a guano cleanse all of my maladies will go away, so it must be true. This is an example of what logical fallacy?
Appeal to authority
Mushrooms occur in nature so it is safe to eat mushrooms. This is an example of which logical fallacy?
Appeal to nature
Which of the following is true?
Correlation does not imply causation
Which of the following accurately describes how scientists develop hypotheses?
Research on previous findings
In order for a hypotheses to be sound, it must be what?
Testable and falsifiable
If we have 50 people flip a coin to see what the probability of getting heads is, what could we have done to get a more accurate result?
Have 200 people flip the coin
When you measure the length of a pencil, the uncertainty comes from what?
The uncertainty in the experiment in Q15 above comes from what?
When trying to calculate the volume of a ball by measuring its diameter, uncertainty comes from what?
Why do CO2 levels drop in the summer in the northern hemisphere?
Forests breathe CO2
What is the name of the process by which the earth's atmosphere keeps the earth warm?
An increase in births causes an increase in population, which causes an increase in births. This is an example of what?
Positive feedback loop
Where did scientists get CO2 levels from thousands of years ago?
Which of the following is one reason we know CO2 is increasing from humas?
The isotopic signature of the CO2 is changing
Which puts out more CO2, humans or volcanoes?
When oceans absorb CO2, it causes their pH to?
It was cold here last winter, but warmer than usual everywhere else on earth. This is an example of why
Climate scientists study climate and not weather
Why is CO2 a greenhouse gas?
Because it absorbs infrared light
What is a way to decrease measurement uncertainty?
Get a ruler with finer increments of measure
What is a way to decrease uncertainty from randomness?
Get more samples
What is a way to decrease uncertainty from assumptions?
Use fewer assumptions
What is the most potent greenhouse gas?
The gorilla the basketball passing video is an example of which of the following?
Which of the following summarizes the general goal of science and the scientific method?
To keep us from believing things that are not true.
Which of the following is not a step in the scientific method?
gather anecdotal evidence
Which of the following accurately identifies the difference between theory and a law?
A law is a mathematical description of a phenomenon, a theory is a well-supported explanation (not math)
What percentage of the measurements you take or see in your everyday life are uncertain?
How often are scientists 100% certain about their findings?
Why isn't crypto zoology science?
You cannot disprove the existence of something.
What is it called when you only pay attention to evidence that supports your opinion?
Which of the following is true about hydrologic models?
They are inaccurate and uncertain but useful.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
GEOLOGY 140- Section 2
GEOLOGY 140-Section 3
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