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History Exam

Magna Carta

the royal charter of political rights given to rebellious English barons by King John in 1215.

Christopher Columbus

Italian navigator who discovered the New World in the service of Spain while looking for a route to China (1451-1506.)

Columbian Exchange

The exchange of goods and ideas between Native Americans and Europeans.

Indentured Servants

colonists who received free passage to North America in exchange for working without pay for a certain number of years.


a former village on the James River in Virginia north of Norfolk.


leaves of the tobacco plant dried and prepared for smoking or ingestion.

Roger Williams

English clergyman and colonist who was expelled from Massachusetts for criticizing Puritanism. Settled in Rhode Island.

Bacon's Rebellion

A rebellion lead by Nathaniel Bacon with backcountry farmers to attack Native Americans in an attemp to gain more land.

John Winthrop

1588-1649 First governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630.

City on the Hill

John Winthrop use this to describe the new colony belonging to the Puritans, Boston.

John Locke

Enlightenment thinker had most influence on North America.

Navigation Acts

Laws that governed trade between England and its colonies. Colonists were required to ship certain products exclusively to England. These acts made colonists very angry because they were forbidden from trading with other countries.

Great Awakening

Religious revival in the American colonies of the eighteenth century during which a number of new Protestant churches were established.


a movement in the 18th century that advocated the use of reason in the reappraisal of accepted ideas and social institutions.

Treaty of Paris

This treaty ended the French and Indian War. Spain gained Louisiana Territory from treaty and Port of New Orleanes.

Proclamation of 1763

to avoid conflicts with the Native Americans. Prevented colonists to expand.

Triangular Trade Routes

the routes connecting England, the English colonies in North America, and the west coast of Africa. America's, Africa, and West Indies.

Sugar Act

passed by Great Britain to pass funds.

Intolerable Acts

A series of laws set up by Parliament to punish Massachusetts for its protests against the British.

Battle of Bunker Hill

the first important battle of the American War of Independence (1775.) Gave confidence that they could beat British.

British East India Company

Tea was cheaper.

James Madison

father of the U.S. Constitution.

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